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Arapgir

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Arapgir
Arapgir is located in Turkey
Arapgir
Arapgir
Coordinates: 39°02′N 38°29′E / 39.033°N 38.483°E / 39.033; 38.483Coordinates: 39°02′N 38°29′E / 39.033°N 38.483°E / 39.033; 38.483
CountryTurkey
ProvinceMalatya
Government
 • MayorHaluk Cömertoğlu (CHP)
 • KaymakamEngin Aksakal
Area
 • District973.93 km2 (376.04 sq mi)
Population
 (2012)[2]
 • Urban
6,120
 • District
10,972
 • District density11/km2 (29/sq mi)
Post code
44800
Websitewww.arapgir.bel.tr

Arapgir (Armenian: Արաբկիր; Kurdish: Erebgir[3]) is a town and district of Malatya Province, Turkey. As of 2000 it had a population of 17,070 people.

It is situated at the confluence of the eastern and western Euphrates river, but some miles from the right bank of the combined streams. Arapgir is connected with Sivas by a chaussée, prolonged to the Euphrates river. The present town was built in the mid-19th century, but about 2 miles north-east is the old town, now called Eskişehir ("old city" in Turkish).[4]

Demographics

Arapgir town is populated by Kurds.[5]

In descending order of population, the district is populated by Turks and Kurds and also historically had an Armenian population.[6]

Composition

Settlement Composition
Arapgir town Kurdish[5]
Aktaş Turkish[7]
Alıçlı Turkish[8]
Boğazlı Turkish[7]
Bostancık Kurdish[9]
Budak Turkish[7]
Çakırsu Kurdish[9]
Çaybaşı
Çiğnir Turkish[7]
Çimen Turkish[7]
Deregezen Kurdish[9]
Düzce Turkish[10]
Esikli Kurdish[9]
Eski Arapgir Turkish[11]
Eynir Turkish[10]
Gebeli Kurdish[9]
Gözeli
Günyüzü Turkish[8]
Kayakesen Turkish[12]
Kaynak Kurdish[9]
Kazanç Kurdish[9]
Kılıçlı Kurdish[9]
Konducak Kurdish[9]
Koruköy
Meşeli
Onar Turkish[8]
Ormansırtı
Pacalı Kurdish[9]
Pirali Kurdish[9]
Şağıluşağı Kurdish[9]
Selamlı Turkish[8]
Sinikli Kurdish[9]
Sipahiuşağı Kurdish[9]
Suçeyin Kurdish and Turkish[7]
Sugeçti Kurdish[13]
Tarhan Kurdish[14]
Taşdelen Kurdish and Turkish[9]
Taşdibek
Ulaçlı Kurdish[9]
Yaylacık Kurdish[15]
Yazılı Kurdish[9]
Yeşilyayla
Yukarı Yabanlı Turkish[8]

History

This territory is a part of historical Lesser Armenia. The old town of Arapgir was founded by the Armenian King Senekerim-Hovhannes Artsruni in 1021, who had exchanged his kingdom of Vaspurakan for estates in the central lands of the Byzantine Empire.[16]

Population

According to Donald Quataert, Arapgir in the 1880s was made up of 4,802 Muslim and 1,200 Armenian households, with a total population of about 29,000 persons.[17] According to a METU study citing Nejat Göyünç, the city population was about 20,000 in 1911, of which more than half of the population was Armenian Christians and the rest were Muslim.[18][19] Differing sources present differing pictures for the respective shares of ethnicities within the weavers' community. The Armenian population is reported to have suffered severely during the Hamidian massacres of 1895,[20] although, in this regard, Donald Quataert notes, with textile exports back to normal levels a year after the turmoil, in 1896, either all weavers were Muslims after all, or few Armenian weavers were killed, displaced or disrupted during the troubles.

On the eve of World War I, there were about 9,523 Armenians (1,300 houses) and 6,774 Turks living in Arapgir.[21] After the 1915 Armenian genocide, most of the Armenian population of Arapgir was killed or deported.[22]

Churches, Mosques and other buildings

Before the Armenian genocide Arapgir had seven Armenian Apostolic churches: Surp Astvadzadzin (Holy Mother of God) Church, not to be confused with the cathedral, Grigor Lusavorich (Gregory the Illuminator) Church, Surp Kevork Church, Surp Hagob Church, Surp Nshan Church, Surp Pilibos Arakel (St. Philip the Apostle) Church, Surp Sarkis Church, There were, also, one Catholic Surp Prgich (Holy Saviors) Church and one Protestant Cuğran Church.[23] There were also more than 10 schools in the town. Little is left of pre-war Arapgir, but there are still some old houses that have survived, which are Armenian origin. The town also contains the ruins of a castle, several Seljuk mosques,[4] old cemetery and silver mines.

People from Arapgir

See also

References

  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27.
  3. ^ adem Avcıkıran (2009). Kürtçe Anamnez Anamneza bi Kurmancî (PDF) (in Turkish and Kurdish). p. 55. Retrieved 17 December 2019.
  4. ^ a b  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHogarth, David George (1911). "Arabgir". In Chisholm, Hugh (ed.). Encyclopædia Britannica. 2 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 253.
  5. ^ a b Peter Alfred, Andrews; Benninghaus, Rüdiger, eds. (1989). Ethnic Groups in the Republic of Turkey. p. 338.
  6. ^ Olcay, Cem Bircan (2014). "MALATYA ARAPGĐR AĞZI (ĐNCELEME - METĐNLER - SÖZLÜK)" (PDF). Hacettepe Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü: Türk Dili ve Edebiyatı Anabilim Dalı (in Turkish): 12.
  7. ^ a b c d e f Andrews, Peter; Benninghaus, Rüdiger (2002). Ethnic Groups in the Republic of Turkey: Supplement and Index. p. 96. ISBN 9783895002298.
  8. ^ a b c d e "Günyüzü Köyü" (in Turkish). Archived from the original on 17 December 2016. Retrieved 13 October 2021.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Andrews, Peter; Benninghaus, Rüdiger (2002). Ethnic Groups in the Republic of Turkey: Supplement and Index. p. 121. ISBN 9783895002298.
  10. ^ a b "Düzce Köyü". Archived from the original on 17 December 2016. Retrieved 13 October 2021.
  11. ^ "Eski Arapgir Köy". Tarih Gezisi (in Turkish). 2020. Retrieved 13 October 2021.
  12. ^ "Kayakesen Köyü". Archived from the original on 17 December 2016. Retrieved 13 October 2021.
  13. ^ Çiplak (2011). "Music and Identity in Atma tribe". ITU Institute of Social Sciences. Istanbul Technical University: 34.
  14. ^ "Tarhan Köyü". Archived from the original on 17 December 2016. Retrieved 13 October 2021.
  15. ^ "Yaylacık Köyü". Archived from the original on 17 December 2016. Retrieved 13 October 2021.
  16. ^ Kévorkian, Raymond H. and Paul B. Paboudjian, Les Arméniens dans l’Empire Ottoman à la veille du génocide. Paris: Editions d’art et d’histoire, 1992, p. 375.
  17. ^ limited preview Donald Quataert; et al. (1993). Ottoman Manufacturing in the Age of the Industrial Revolution. Cambridge University. pp. 86–99.
  18. ^ Nejat Göyünç (1983). Osmanlı idaresinde Ermeniler [Armenians in the Ottoman Administration] (in Turkish). Gültepe Yayn. Ankara.
  19. ^ Pınar Kundil. "The Armenian question according to Takvim-i Vekayi (1914-1918)" (PDF). Middle East Technical University, Ankara. Retrieved 1 May 2017.
  20. ^ Hewsen, Robert H., "Golden Plain: The Historical Geography of Tsopk/Kharpert," in Armenian Tsopk/Kharpert, ed. Richard G. Hovannisian. Costa Mesa, CA: Mazda Publishers, 2002, p. 49.
  21. ^ Kévorkian and Paboudjian, Les Arméniens dans l’Empire Ottoman, pp. 375-76.
  22. ^ Raymond Kévorkian. The Armenian Genocide: A History (London: I.B. Tauris, 2011), pp. 402-407.
  23. ^ Kévorkian and Paboudjian, Les Arméniens dans l’Empire Ottoman, p. 376.

External links