Arapuni Power Station

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Arapuni Dam
Arapuni power station.JPG
Arapuni power station, as seen from the Arapuni Suspension Bridge
Arapuni Power Station is located in New Zealand
Arapuni Power Station
Location of Arapuni Dam in New Zealand
CountryNew Zealand
LocationLake Arapuni, Waikato River
Coordinates38°4′17″S 175°38′36″E / 38.07139°S 175.64333°E / -38.07139; 175.64333Coordinates: 38°4′17″S 175°38′36″E / 38.07139°S 175.64333°E / -38.07139; 175.64333
Opening date1929
Dam and spillways
ImpoundsWaikato River
CreatesLake Arapuni
Arapuni Power Station
Operator(s)Mercury Energy
Turbines8× Francis turbines
Installed capacity196.66 MW (263,730 hp)
Annual generation805 GWh (2,900 TJ)

Arapuni Power Station is a hydroelectric power station on the Waikato River, in the North Island of New Zealand. It is owned and operated by Mercury Energy, and is the seventh and penultimate hydroelectric power station on the Waikato River. It is also the oldest currently generating, the first government-built, and the largest single hydroelectric power station on the Waikato River.

Arapuni, due to its proximity to Hamilton, plays an important part in voltage support and frequency keeping in the city and the wider Waikato region. Even though it is 80 years old, continuous improvement and refurbishment of the station's generation equipment ensures Arapuni remains efficient.[1]

The powerhouse and dam at Arapuni are under protection of the Historic Places Trust, becoming Category I Historic Places in November 1987 and August 1991 respectively.[2][3][4] It is one of the few generating power stations in New Zealand to be listed on the register.


Arapuni was the first government-built hydroelectric station on the Waikato River, and the second after the privately owned Horahora Power Station that was decommissioned in 1947 on the filling of Lake Karapiro.

Initial surveying of the site began in 1916, but in 1920, the surveying was halted due to lack of government funds to progress the project. Construction of Arapuni finally began in 1924, but repeated heavy rain and the resulting floods dogged the early works. The station, complete with three turbines and provisions for a fourth, was commissioned in mid-1929. Shortly after commissioning, Arapuni was closed for two years while a water seepage problem was investigated and the headrace lined. The station, with the addition of a fourth turbine, was recommissioned in May 1932.

The Arapuni Gorge during the construction of the power station, 1929

The Arapuni Suspension Bridge, just downstream from the power station, was opened in 1926. It gave access from 'top camp' (which eventually became the Arapuni township) on the true right to the power station construction site on the true left of the Waikato River.[5]

In 1934, increasing demand for electricity resulted in Arapuni being extended. The powerhouse was doubled in size, and provisions for four more turbines were made. Turbines 5 and 6 were commissioned four years later in 1938. The last two turbines were commissioned in 1946 to meet the increasing demand for electricity following World War II.

In 1990, a $50 million repair, refurbishment and upgrade project was completed, the first stage of which involved construction of a diversion channel.[6] In 2000 it was determined that the historic seepage problem had worsened, interim repairs were carried out while a more permanent solution was devised and this took the form of a $20 million engineering project, which was carried out in 2005-07.[7][8] In 2001, work was completed on four of Arapuni's turbines to increase capacity from 24.7 megawatts (33,100 hp) to 26.7 megawatts (35,800 hp) each and to improve their peak efficiency.[2]


  1. ^ "Arapuni Technical information - Mighty River Power Generation". Mighty River Power. Archived from the original on 16 May 2008. Retrieved 2009-05-05.
  2. ^ a b "About Arapuni - Mighty River Power Generation". Mighty River Power. Archived from the original on 27 September 2011.
  3. ^ "Arapuni Powerhouse". Register of Historic Places. Heritage New Zealand. Retrieved 2009-05-05.
  4. ^ "Arapuni Dam". Register of Historic Places. Heritage New Zealand. Retrieved 2009-05-05.
  5. ^ "Arapuni Suspension Bridge". Historic Places Trust. Retrieved 16 January 2010.
  6. ^ "Arapuni Power Station and Dam". IPENZ. Retrieved 2009-12-30.
  7. ^ "Extreme Group Photo Gallery Arapuni Hydro Dam". Archived from the original on 2008-10-14. Retrieved 2009-12-30.
  8. ^ Riley, Gavin (April 2007). "Arapuni task a world first". Contrafed Publishing. Archived from the original on 18 February 2012. Retrieved 2009-12-30.

Further reading[edit]

  • Martin, John E, ed. (1991). People, Power and Power Stations. Wellington: Bridget Williams Books Ltd and Electricity Corporation of New Zealand. pp. 316 pages. ISBN 0-908912-16-1.
  • Reilly, Helen (2008). Connecting the Country – New Zealand’s National Grid 1886 - 2007. Wellington: Steele Roberts. ISBN 978-1-877448-40-9.

External links[edit]