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Araranguá, Santa Catarina
Flag of Araranguá, Santa Catarina
Official seal of Araranguá, Santa Catarina
Nickname(s): "Cidade das Avenidas" ("City of Avenues")
Location in Brazil
Location in Brazil
Araranguá, Santa Catarina is located in Brazil
Araranguá, Santa Catarina
Araranguá, Santa Catarina
Location in Brazil
Coordinates: 28°56′06″S 49°29′09″W / 28.93500°S 49.48583°W / -28.93500; -49.48583Coordinates: 28°56′06″S 49°29′09″W / 28.93500°S 49.48583°W / -28.93500; -49.48583
Country  Brazil
Region South
State Santa Catarina (state) Santa Catarina
MesoRegion MesoRegion Sul Catarinense
Microregion Microregion of Araranguá
Founded 3 April 1880
 • Mayor Sandro Maciel
 • Total 303.799 km2 (117.297 sq mi)
Elevation 13 m (43 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Total 61,251
 • Density 200/km2 (520/sq mi)
 • Ethnic Groups Azorean and Italian
  IBGE/2010 [1]
Time zone UTC-3 (UTC-3)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-2 (UTC-2)
HDI (2000) 0.814 – high
Climate Type Temperate
Average Temp 20 °C (68 °F)
Website City’s official website

Araranguá is a city located in the southern part of Santa Catarina state, in the south of Brazil. It has 59,134 inhabitants and was settled mainly by Azoreans and Italians. Araranguá is known as "A Cidade das Avenidas" ("The City of the Avenues") because of its wide roads.


Until the 18th century, the city was inhabited mostly by Carijós and Kaingang Indians. These ethnics groups disappeared after the arrival of the first Europeans settlers.

On 11 February 1728, was started the opening of the Caminho dos Conventos way that linked Morro dos Conventos ("Convents Mountain") to Curitiba. This way became used mostly by the tropeiros, who carried cattle from Rio Grande do Sul to São Paulo. Araranguá became a waypoint for those between Viamão (former capital of Rio Grande do Sul) and Lages (in the top of the Planalto Serrano).[2]

The first to arrive in Araranguá region were the Portugueses, who came from Laguna in the beginning of the 19th century. They first settled in the Morro dos Conventos. Later, Italian, German, Polish and Spanish immigrants and the African slaves arrived in the city.[3] In 1816 was inaugurated in the village of Canjicas the first chapel in the region. In 1864 was created the first church within the current city of Araranguá.[4]

The city was founded 3 April 1880, and was named Araranguá after the Araranguá River. The village was promoted to the condition of city in 1921.

Along the 20th century the city underwent some dismemberments. The city of Criciúma emancipated in 1925 followed by Turvo (1948), Sombrio (1953), Maracajá (1967) and Balneário Arroio do Silva (1997).


Araranguá was struck by the Cyclone Catarina in the night between 28 and 29 March 2003 with winds up to 150 km/h. This event still intrigues scientists.[5]

The city was again struck by at least two tornadoes in the night of September, the 29th of 2009, the first ever recorded in the urban area, although others have been already spotted in rural areas. A school gymnasium collapsed over a house and many windows were broken in some shops, but there were no victims.[6]


  • Agriculture – production of rice, beans, tobacco and corn.
  • Industry – based on metallurgy, ceramics, furniture and textiles.
  • Commerce
  • Tourism


The city has a campus of the Federal University of Santa Catarina, inaugurated on August 10, 2009. With headquarters in Mato Alto and Jardim das Avenidas, the campus offers 4 undergraduate programs (Computer Engineering, Energy Engineering, Physiotherapy and Information and Communication Technologies) and 4 masters programs (Rehabilitation Sciences, Energy and Sustainability, Physics Teaching and Information and Communication Technologies).

Also located in Araranguá is a campus of the Federal Institute of Santa Catarina, which offers technical courses in Electromechanics, Fashion and Apparel Production, and undergraduate programs in Fashion Design and Physics .



Araranguá is accessed by road mainly from the BR-101, an important highway that connects several major Brazilian cities. It lies roughly halfway between Porto Alegre and Florianópolis, the former being 210 km (130 mi) away.


The city is served by Viação Cidade [7] for intra-city routes and by União, Pluma, SantoAnjo and Eucatur for inter-city and inter-state routes. Among cities served are Porto Alegre, Florianópolis, Curitiba and São Paulo besides most of the neighboring cities and cities along those routes.


The city had an airport served by Varig in the 1950s but the runway remained without maintenance and remained just a dirt strip used by general aviation until the 1990s when the city developed around it and the area became too unsafe to any operation. Currently the nearest airport, Diomício Freitas Airport, is located in Forquilhinha, 31 kilometres or 19 miles away, served only by Azul Brazilian Airlines and some private charter companies. The Jaguaruna Regional Airport, lies 57 kilometres or 35 miles from Araranguá's city center.


  1. ^ "Resultado do censo 2010" (PDF). Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE). 4 November 2010. Retrieved 4 November 2010. 
  2. ^
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 24 May 2011. Retrieved 2009-01-08. 
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 12 February 2009. Retrieved 2009-01-08. 
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^

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