Ararat, City of Refuge
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Ararat, established as a city of refuge for the Jewish nation, was founded in 1825 by New York politician and playwright Mordecai Manuel Noah, who purchased most of Grand Island, a 27-square-mile (70 km2) island near Buffalo, New York. It is no longer a "Jewish city."
- "Hear, O Israel, the Lord our God is one Lord; Ararat, A City of Refuge for the Jews, Founded by Mordecai Manuel Noah, in the Month Tishrei, September 1825 and in the 50th year of American Independence."
In his short story "Noah's Ark", British author Israel Zangwill retells the story of Ararat.
- Mapping Ararat: An Imaginary Jewish Homelands Project Using augmented reality, this project animates Major Mordecai Noah's 1825 unrealized plan to transform Grand Island, New York into Ararat, a "city of refuge for the Jews."