Location of Araria district in Bihar
|• Lok Sabha constituencies||Araria|
|• Vidhan Sabha constituencies||Narpatganj, Raniganj, Forbesganj, Araria, Jokihat, Sikti|
|• Total||2,830 km2 (1,090 sq mi)|
|• Density||990/km2 (2,600/sq mi)|
|• Sex ratio||100|
|Time zone||UTC+05:30 (IST)|
|Major highways||NH 57|
Araria district is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar state, India. Araria district is a part of Purnia division. The district occupies an area of 2830 km². Araria town is the administrative headquarters of this district.
Araria district, which was previously part of Purnia district, is part of the Mithila region. Mithila first gained prominence after being settled by Indo-Aryan peoples who established the Mithila Kingdom (also called Kingdom of the Videhas). During the late Vedic period (c. 1100–500 BCE), Kingdom of the Videhas became one of the major political and cultural centers of South Asia, along with Kuru and Pañcāla. The kings of the Kingdom of the Videhas were called Janakas. The Mithila Kingdom was later incorporated into the Vajji confederacy, which had its capital in the city of Vaishali, which is also in Mithila. The territory of the present-day district became Araria sub-division of the erstwhile Purnia district in 1964. Araria district was formed in January 1990 as one of the administrative districts of under Purnia Division.
In 2006 the Indian government named Araria one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640). It is one of the 36 districts in Bihar currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).
According to the 2011 census Araria district has a population of 2,806,200, roughly equal to the nation of Jamaica or the US state of Utah. This gives it a ranking of 139th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 992 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,570/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 30%. Araria has a sex ratio of 921 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 55.1%. The population of Araria district has a large concentration of Muslims.
2017 North Bihar Floods
2017 Floods affected 19 districts of North Bihar causing death of 514 people, in which Araria district accounted for 95 deaths alone. Floods have claimed 215 lives in Araria over 18 years, of which 61 in 2016. 
- Pradeep Kumar Singh BJP Politician Member of Lok Sabha
- Phanishwar Nath 'Renu', novelist and story writer.
- Subrata Roy, chairman of Sahara Group
- Parmanand Rishideo, Indian Politician
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Zemlya Georga 2,821km2
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Jamaica 2,868,380 July 2011 est
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- Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
- "Floods in state not man-made, says minister".
- "Flood Situation Improves In Bihar, Number Of Dead At 514".
- "Flood situation worsens in Bihar, death toll rises to 253".
- "Bihar floods: 119 dead; bridge collapse caught on camera".
- "बिहार : बाढ़ ने लिखी खौफनाक कहानी, अबतक 379 व्यक्तियों की मौत और 1.61 करोड आबादी प्रभावित".
- "Death toll in Bihar floods mounts to 304; situation grim in UP".
- "Changing patterns of Bihar floods a cause for concern for state authorities".
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Araria District.|