Provincia de Arauco
General view of Lebu
Location in the Region
|• Governor||Flor Isabel Weisse Novoa|
|• Total||5,643.3 km2 (2,178.9 sq mi)|
|Population (2012 Census)|
|• Density||28/km2 (72/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CLT  (UTC-4)|
|• Summer (DST)||CLST  (UTC-3)|
|Area code(s)||56 + 41|
|Website||Governorate of Arauco|
Arauco Province (Spanish: Provincia de Arauco) is one of four provinces of the Chilean region of Bío Bío (VIII). It spans a coastal area of 6,366 km2 (2,458 sq mi) just south of the mouth of the Biobío River, the traditional demarcation between the nation's major natural regions, Zona Central and Zona Sur. The province originally covered the once-independent indigenous territory of Araucanía, but this was afterward divided into four provinces. It is devoted largely to agricultural pursuits. The capital Lebu (population 25,000) is situated on the coast about 90 km (56 mi) south of Concepción with which it is connected by rail.
Geography and demography
According to the 2002 census by the National Statistics Institute (INE), the province spans an area of 5,457.2 km2 (2,107 sq mi) and had a population of 157,255 inhabitants (79,263 men and 77,992 women), giving it a population density of 28.8/km2 (75/sq mi). Of these, 117,569 (74.8%) lived in urban areas and 39,686 (25.2%) in rural areas. Between the 1992 and 2002 censuses, the population grew by 5% (7,554 persons).
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Arauco". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.