Araujuzon

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Araujuzon
Town Hall and War Memorial
Town Hall and War Memorial
Coat of arms of Araujuzon
Coat of arms
Location of Araujuzon
Araujuzon is located in France
Araujuzon
Araujuzon
Araujuzon is located in Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Araujuzon
Araujuzon
Coordinates: 43°21′39″N 0°49′03″W / 43.3608°N 0.8175°W / 43.3608; -0.8175Coordinates: 43°21′39″N 0°49′03″W / 43.3608°N 0.8175°W / 43.3608; -0.8175
CountryFrance
RegionNouvelle-Aquitaine
DepartmentPyrénées-Atlantiques
ArrondissementOloron-Sainte-Marie
CantonLe Cœur de Béarn
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2020) Jean-Claude Larco
Area
1
6.92 km2 (2.67 sq mi)
Population
 (2016-01-01)[1]
210
 • Density30/km2 (79/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
64032 /64190
Elevation79–212 m (259–696 ft)
(avg. 102 m or 335 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Araujuzon is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of southwestern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Araujuzonais or Araujuzonaises.[2][3]

Geography[edit]

Location[edit]

The town is located some 40 km north-west of Oloron-Sainte-Marie, 15 km east by south-east of Sauveterre-de-Béarn, and 8 km north-west of Navarrenx.

Access[edit]

Araujuzon is accessed by the D936 road from Oloron-Sainte-Marie which passes through the north of the commune and continues west to Autevielle-Saint-Martin-Bideren. There is also the D160 road from the southern border where it joins the D115 passing through the length of the commune to the D936 west of the village. The D265 road also links the north of the commune to Narp. The village is close to the D936 and can be reached by a number of country roads.[4]

The Intercity network of Pyrénées-Atlantiques bus network currently has a stop in the commune on Route 850 from Oloron-Sainte-Marie to Sauveterre-de-Béarn.

Hydrography[edit]

Located in the Drainage basin of the Adour, the northern border of the commune is formed by the Gave d'Oloron (a tributary of the Gave de Pau River) with its tributary, the Lausset, passing through the commune and joining the Gave d'Oleron near the village. The Ruisseau de la Mousquere rises in the commune and gathers several tributaries while flowing north-west to join the Gave d'Oleron.

The Cassou dou Boue and the Ruisseau de Lescuncette rise in the south of the commune and flow south-east to join the Ruisseau de Harcellane (a tributary of the Lausset).

Localities and hamlets[edit]

  • Les Arreytes
  • Les Balibes
  • Beighau
  • Bernatha
  • Boulocq
  • La Campagne
  • Le Coude du Lausset
  • Gaillégou
  • Lacroix
  • Lahagne
  • Lahore
  • Lamazou
  • Larcebeau[5]
  • Larmanou
  • Lavie
  • Lavoignet
  • Loustalot
  • Moncau
  • Pessot
  • Serrailh
  • Souleret
  • Trescassous

Neighbouring communes and villages[edit]

Toponymy[edit]

The name of the commune in Béarnese is Araus-Juzon (according to classical norm of Occitan). The commune name in Gascon is Lajuson.

For Michel Grosclaude,[6] the name comes from lau ("wasteland" or "moor") and juzon ("lower" or "downstream"). Brigitte Jobbé-Duval[3] indicated that Juzon meaning "underneath" gives the place name translating as "underneath Arrau", but more likely "underneath Araux" (Araux is called Araus-Susonin Béarnese).

The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune.

Name Spelling Date Source Page Origin Description
Araujuzon Araus-Jusoo 13th century Raymond
8
Fors de Béarn Village
Araus-Juson 1487 Raymond
8
EStablishments
Araujuson 1546 Raymond
8
Reformation
Laujuzon 1714 Grosclaude Araujuzon Parish Register
Araujuzon 1750 Cassini
Araujuson 1793 Ldh/EHESS/Cassini
Araujuzon 1801 Ldh/EHESS/Cassini Bulletin des lois
Domec Domec 13th century Raymond
55
Fors de Béarn Fief, Vassal of the Viscounts of Béarn and dependent on the Bailiwick of Navarrenx
Larcebeau Le Larcebau 1863 Raymond
94
Stream also called Ruisseau d'Escounerbiets

Sources:

Origins:

History[edit]

Paul Raymond noted on page 8 of the 1863 dictionary that the commune had a Lay Abbey which was a vassal of the Viscounty of Béarn. In 1385 Araujuzon had 46 fires and depended on the Bailiwick of Navarrenx. It became a dependency of the Barony of Jasses from 1644 which included Araujuzon, Araux, Jasses, Montfort, and Viellenave. In 1790 the commune was part of the Canton of Sauveterre.[5]

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Araujuzon
Blazon:

Party per fesse wavy: 1st party per pale, at 1 Or, two cows Gules horned, collared, and hooved Azure one above the other, at 2 Vert an ear of corn of Or; 2nd Azure, Saint Martin haloed mounted on a horse and cutting his cloak with his sword, all Argent.



Administration[edit]

Araujuzon Church

List of Successive Mayors[12]

From To Name Party Position
1995 2008 Pierre Higue
2008 2020 Jean-Claude Larco

(Not all data is known)

Inter-communality[edit]

The commune is part of nine inter-communal structures:

  • the Community of communes of the Canton of Navarrenx
  • the mixed association Bil Ta Garbi
  • the mixed association of Béarn des Gaves
  • the inter-communal association of gaves and of Saleys
  • the association of Gaves Country and of Lausset
  • the association of schools of Gaveausset
  • the association for promotion of Navarrenx
  • the AEP association of Navarrenx
  • the Energy association of Pyrénées-Atlantiques

Araujuzon is also part of the Pays de Lacq Orthez Béarn des Gaves.

Demography[edit]

In 2009 the commune had 191 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Population change (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
429 385 510 518 517 540 524 544 566
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
549 518 527 469 483 489 470 467 456
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
428 417 403 327 301 302 301 298 268
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2009 -
240 217 196 200 186 182 - 191 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)

Saint Anne
Saint Rose of Lima
Population of Araujuzon

Economy[edit]

Economic activity is mainly agricultural (livestock, pastures, corn). The town is part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC) zone of Ossau-iraty.

Facilities[edit]

Araujuzon Church Interior

The commune has an elementary school.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 Archived 6 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  2. ^ Inhabitants of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  3. ^ a b Brigitte Jobbé-Duval, Dictionary of place names - Pyrénées-Atlantiques, 2009, Archives and Culture, ISBN 978-2-35077-151-9 (in French)
  4. ^ Google Maps
  5. ^ a b c Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011 (in French)
  6. ^ a b Michel Grosclaude, Toponymic Dictionary of communes, Béarn, Edicions reclams & Édition Cairn - 2006, 416 pages, ISBN 2-35068-005-3 (in French)
  7. ^ Cassini Map 1750 – Araujuzon
  8. ^ Manuscript from the 14th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  9. ^ Manuscripts from the 15th and 16th centuries in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  10. ^ Manuscript from the 16th to 18th centuries - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  11. ^ Manuscripts from the 17th century in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
  12. ^ List of Mayors of France

External links[edit]