The Aravidu Dynasty was the fourth and last Hindu dynasty which ruled Vijayanagara Empire in South India. Its founder was Tirumala Deva Raya, whose brother Rama Raya had been the masterful regent of the last ruler of the previous dynasty. Rama Raya's death at the Battle of Rakasa-Tangadi (also known as the Battle of Talikota) in 1565 led to the subsequent destruction of Vijayanagar by the combined forces of the Muslim states of Bijapur.
The present Ruler of the Dynasty is Krishna Devaraya (born October 6 1970) who ascended the throne in 2008 and has been involved in restoring the old palace, He is married to Rathnashree Raya (born July 11 1975)He has one son, Crown prince Tirumala Venkata Devaraya (born December 4 2000) and two daughters Shiva Raya Kumari and Krishna Raya Kumari(both born February 6, 2007).
The Aravidu family used their dynastic name as their surname and their gotra is Atreya.
The main rulers of the Aravidu dynasty were:
- Aliya Rama Raya (1542–1565)
- Tirumala Deva Raya (1565–1572)
- Sriranga Deva Raya (Sriranga I) (1572–1586)
- Venkatapati Deva Raya (Venkata II) (1586–1614)
- Sriranga II (1614)
- Rama Deva Raya (1617–1632)
- Peda Venkata Raya (Venkata III) (1632–1642)
- Sriranga III (1642–1652)