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For the American Rabbit Breeders Association, see American Rabbit Breeders' Association.
For the Italian commune, see Arba, Italy. For the unincorporated community in Indiana, see Arba, Indiana.

Arba (Hebrew: ארבע) (meaning "four") was a man mentioned in assorted, but early, Old Testament verses of the Bible. In Joshua 14:15, he is cited as the "greatest man among the Anakites" and the father of Anak. Arba himself was the father of Anak, whose descendents went on to be called the Anakim which is the Hebrew plural. Arba himself was not an Anakite, since he was the progenitor.

The Anakim were said to have been a mixed race of giant people. The scriptures allude to their being Nephilim, meaning 'fallen ones', (again, Hebrew plural for Nephal), which were a crossbreed between the Sons of God and the daughters of men, as cited in Genesis 6:1-2 and Genesis 6:4.

No early history of Arba is given in the Old Testament and little is known of his genealogy, with the exception of his child, Anak, and three possible grandsons, Sheshai, Ahiman, and Talmai, who were driven out of the land Caleb inherited, as cited in Joshua 15:13-14.

The Bible also mentions that the city of Hebron was in ancient times known to be called Kirjath-arba or "Kiriath Arba" ("city of Arba"; apparently after Arba). Although a modern-day settlement exists east of Hebron named Kiryat Arba, its relation is not known.