Ctesias’s whole history of the Assyrian and Median empires is absolutely fabulous; his Arbaces and his successors are not historical personages. But Ctesias’s whole history of the Assyrian and Median empire. Mahmoud Omidsalar suggests that "the very fact that all but one of the kings in Ctesiass list are not historical implies that these kings were legendary rulers who belonged to the ancient Iranian lore, and records of their exploits existed in some written form in the fifth century B.c."
From the inscriptions of Sargon II of Assyria it is known that one Arbaku of Arnashia was one of forty-five chiefs of Median districts who paid tribute to Sargon in 713 BC. He was a satrap, who conspired against Sardanapalus, and founded the empire of Media on the ruins of the Assyrian kingdom.
Arbaces is a character in The Last Days of Pompeii, a book by Sir Edward Bulwer-Lytton in the Pompeii Series.
- Chisholm 1911, p. 322.
- Omidsalar, Mahmoud. Poetics and Politics of Iran's National Epic, the Shahnameh. Palgrave MacMillan. p. 35-36. ISBN 978-0230113459.
- Brewer, E. Cobham (1894), "Arbaces", Dictionary of Phrase and Fable
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Arbaces". Encyclopædia Britannica. 2 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 322.
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