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ARBOS is an Italian agricultural machinery company located in Piacenza.

Arbos is controlled by Tianjin Lovol Heavy Industry Co. Ltd, Chinese manufacturer of tractors, agricultural machines and earth moving machinery.

Industry Agricultural machinery
Founded 1954 in Piacenza
Headquarters Italia

• agricultural tractors

• harvesting machines


Arbos, a bicycle manufacturer, took its name from the acronym of two Piacenza businessmen Araldi and Boselli. In 1952 it was bought by Bubba S.A., a company that originated from SAFI in Piacenza, which in 1930 had taken over «Pietro Bubba & C.», the company that produced the Bubba agricultural tractors.

The Arbos-Bubba period[edit]

In 1954 the company became Arbos-Bubba and launched a wheeled tractor with a 35 HP Perkins P4TA diesel engine, followed by a tracked version, with a choice of two engines, the next year: Perkins P4TA or the 32 HP Deutz F2L514. The tractors were not very successful: by the end of December 1955[1] it had sold only 33 wheeled versions and 9 tracked. In 1956 the brand dropped the Bubba name, and became simply Arbos. It produced the 100 C combine harvesters, wheeled and tracked, and the Allodola 650 with a diesel Fiat engine. These were followed by the 1000 Super and the 750 Super.

From the economic boom to the seventies[edit]

In 1960 Arbos-Bubba became Arbos Spa.Arbos began producing combine harvesters in the new plant in San Lazzaro, close to Piacenza. Three years later they produced the new 1000 Major 87 HP, with the new olive green livery.

In 1964 Arbos Spa was taken over by the American company White. The following year they released the flagship of European combine harvesters, the 1220. In a few years the range grew with new models: 1220, 780, Record and then 120 Pantera, 165 Tigre, 100 Lince and 125 Giaguaro. In 1971 they launched the Pantera 7 Colli, the first self-levelling combine harvester in the world, with levelling on 4 sides, longitudinal and transversal.

In 1972 Arbos Spa became a branch of White and the following year it launched the self-leveller 100 AL. On 20 November 1975 White Arbos Spa stopped trading and was wound up on the 31 December of that year.

The new Arbos[edit]

In 1976 Arbos Spa was bought by the Magni brothers and renamed Nuova Arbos. The new company presented the self-levelling 565 AL and started producing two new self-levelling machines: the 565 A-4-L and the 705 A-4-L and two flat-land machines, 140 - 160.

In 1983 the Nuova Arbos changed hands once again, going back to its old name Arbos Spa, for the production of combine harvesters for wheat, rice and corn: 100 – 125 – 140 – 160 - 565 A4L – 705 A4L.

In 1985 Arbos SPA took over Italo Svizzera of ZolaPredosa (BO), to produce single row and double row beet harvesters. A year later it launched two new self-levelling combine harvesters, the 400 AL and the 200 AL. Subsequently, the company started focusing on updating the top of the range machines, by launching the 800 and 1000. The 600 was designed, but only one model was actually built.

In 1994, four years short of its centenary, Arbos folded definitively.


In 2011 Lovol Heavy Industry ltd, Chinese manufacturer of tractors, agricultural machines and earth moving machinery, opened a research and development centre in Calderara di Reno (BO), to coordinate its activities in Europe. After taking over Arbos and Bubba, this new centre became the headquarters of a new holding, Lovol Arbos Group Spa, whose aim was to design three tractor platforms from 100 to 270 HP and recuperate the industrial know-how of Arbos combine harvesters.[2]

In 2015, Lovol ARBOS Group launches a major acquisition plan designed to consolidate the foundations of a project that would shortly lead to the production of an integrated full-line solution within agricultural mechanization. The goal is to establish ARBOS as an international brand of reference for farmers around the world and for the entire agronomic cycle, by introducing products compatible with the latest cultivation, conservative farming and precision seeding techniques, moving from compact and highly specialized tractors to the creation of a full range for open field applications. For this reason, in 2015, two large companies join the Lovol ARBOS Group family. The first to be acquired in January is MaterMacc, a company from Pordenone specializing in the production of agricultural equipment, followed in December of the same year by Goldoni S.p.A, a historic company from the Emilia region producing tractors for orchards. These two companies serve to represent the strategic starting points for investment for the Group's industrial launch. In 2016, the Friulian company rolls out a new recruitment plan, as well as a number of major industrial renovations that result in the facility being extended by a further 55,000 m2. The plant at Migliarina di Carpi is also updated, with a focus on upgrading the assembly lines according to the most cutting-edge Lean Production, principles, renovating the offices and building a new center entirely devoted to Engineering, transferred from Calderara di Reno to the new headquarters in the Modena province.

Lovol ARBOS Group has also taken part in a number of the leading international events in the agricultural sector, bearing witness to the progress and successes achieved and attracting significant public interest in the new technologies on display:

  • AGRITECHNICA in Hanover, November 2015 - Introduction of the first Arbos 5000 Series tractors and the new combine harvester concept.
  • FIERAGRICOLA in Verona, February 2016 - Introduction of a new project for high precision wine farming together with the latest Goldoni and MaterMacc products
  • EIMA at Bologna, November 2016 – The full-line takes shape, featuring the 4050F and 4080F orchard prototypes, the MBS 1200-PRO mounted sprayer, the MS 8230 precision pneumatic planter, the AS F 450 UTS direct pneumatic seed drill and the MC106 and MCP150 fertilizers
  • SIMA in Paris, February 2017 – In addition to the full-line, the new Goldoni prototypes are presented, namely the Q110 and the E100 isodiametric machine, while MaterMacc unveiled the MMX ELEKTRO 3000 and MSD 2.0 COMBI fertilizer spreaders for combined soil preparation and seeding
  • DEMOAGRO in Spain, May 2017 – The full-line is on the move, with tractors and implements shown to visitors directly on the field during several working demonstrations

Models produced[edit]

Combine harvesters Year
MT 1500 “Bubba” 1948
MT 52 1952
100 A 1953
100 B 1954
100 C 1956
Allodola 1956
1000 Super 1957-62
750 Super 1958-66
1000 Major 1963-67
760 Super 1964-65
Record 60 1964-67
1220 1965-71
780 1966-70
Record 65 1967-68
Record Super 1967-69
Record 1969
120 Pantera 1970-73
165 Tigre 1970-74
120 Pantera Colli 1971-73
100 AL 1973-76
100 Lince 1973-85
125 Giaguaro 1973-90
565 A-4-L 1976-85
705 A-4L 1976-85
160 1979-88
140 1981-82
400 AL 1983-92
130 1984
125/84 1984-90
110 1985-87
200 AL 1985-92
800 1989-92
1000 1989-92
600 1991

Current range[edit]

  • C 5200 (prototype)

Open field tractors

  • P5000 (100-130 HP)
  • P6000 (140-200 HP | prototypes)
  • P7000 (220-260 HP | prototypes)

Specialized tractors

  • ARBOS 3040 (38 HP)
  • ARBOS 3050 (48 HP)
  • ARBOS 4050F (49 HP)
  • ARBOS 4080F (75 HP)


  • MC 106 – TRIMMER

Prizes and Awards[edit]

  • Toty 2016: Finalist with the ARBOS 5000 series
  • RED DOT, Design Award: Winner with the ARBOS 5000 series

External links[edit]


See also[edit]

  • Bubba