School (left) and Town Hall
|Canton||Pays de Bidache, Amikuze et Ostibarre|
|Intercommunality||CA Pays Basque|
|• Mayor (2008–2020)||Éric Narbais-Jauréguy|
|14.55 km2 (5.62 sq mi)|
|• Density||22/km2 (56/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Elevation||56–195 m (184–640 ft) |
(avg. 105 m or 344 ft)
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
Arbouet-Sussaute is located in the former province of Lower Navarre some 30 km south-east of Peyrehorade and 5 km north-east of Saint-Palais. The D933 road from Saint-Palais in the south-west passes north through the western part of the commune and continues to Osserain-Rivareyte. Access to the village is by the D134 road from the D29 in the north passing south through the village and the commune and continuing south to join the D11 just west of Domezain-Berraute. The intercity bus network of Pyrénées-Atlantiques currently has a stop on its route 865 which goes from Saint-Palais to Orthez. There is also the hamlet of Sussaute to the south-east of the village. A disused line of railway passes from the north to the south-west through the commune.
Historical places and hamlets
- Bel Air
- Church of Sussaute
According to Jean-Baptiste Orpustan Arboti is the spelling preserved in basque but the meaning is uncertain. If it is from the Latin (borrowed from arbor(e)), the name may signify a wooded place. For Zohota (Sussaute) he suggests a basque origin of zozoeta meaning "Place of blackbirds".
The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune.
|Sanctus martinus de arbut||1160||Orpustan|
|Sussaute||Sansctus martinus de sosaute||1160||Orpustan||Village|
|Etcheverry||Etcheverry||1863||Raymond||Fief falling under the Kingdom of Navarre|
- Orpustan: Jean-Baptiste Orpustan,New Basque Toponymy p. 66-67
- Raymond: Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, 1863, on the page numbers indicated in the table. ‹See Tfd›(in French)
- Cassini: Cassini Map from 1750
- Ldh/EHESS/Cassini: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini database ‹See Tfd›(in French)
- Notaries: Notaries of Labastide-Villefranche
- Biscay: Martin Biscay
- Navarrenx: Notaries of Navarrenx
- Pamplona: Titles of Pamplona
- Mixe: Titles of Mixe
The village of Sussaute was joined with Arbouet on 14 June 1842.
List of Successive Mayors
(Not all data is known)
The commune is part of six inter-communal structures:
- The Community of communes of Amikuze;
- the AEP association of Mixe Country;
- the Education regrouping association of Arbérats-Sillègue, Arbouet-Sussaute, Aroue, and Etcharry;
- the Energy association of Pyrénées-Atlantiques;
- the inter-communal association for the functioning of schools in Amikuze;
- the association for the promotion of Basque culture.
The fiscal census of 1412-1413, made on the orders of Charles III of Navarre, compared with the census of men and weapons that are in this Kingdom of Navarre below the ports in 1551 reveals a demography with strong growth. The first indicated the presence in Arbouet of 12 fires, the second with 31 (24 + 7 secondary fires). Similarly in Sussaute, the census of 1412-1413 had 7 fires while that of 1551 had 23 (19 + 4 side lights).
In 2009 the commune had 280 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
Culture and Heritage
The Parish Church of Saint John the Baptist (1860) is registered as an historical monument.
The town has a kindergarten.
- At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 Archived 6 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
- "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
- Brigitte Jobbé-Duval, Dictionary of placenames - Pyrénées-Atlantiques, 2009, Archives and Culture, ISBN 978-2-35077-151-9 ‹See Tfd›(in French)
- Euskaltzaindia - Academy of the Basque language
- Google Maps
- Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011 ‹See Tfd›(in French)
- Euskaltzaindia - Academy of the basque language
- New Basque Toponymy, Presses universitaires de Bordeaux, 2006, p. 66-67 ISBN 2 86781 396 4 ‹See Tfd›(in French)
- Cassini Map 1750 – Arbouet-Sussaute
- Notaries of Labastide-Villefranche in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques ‹See Tfd›(in French)
- Derecho de naturaleza que la merindad de San-Juan-del-pie-del-puerto, una de las seys de Navarra, tiene en Castilla, 1622 ‹See Tfd›(in Spanish)
- Notaries of Navarrenx in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques ‹See Tfd›(in French)
- Titles published by don José Yanguas y Miranda ‹See Tfd›(in Spanish)
- Titles of Mixe in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques ‹See Tfd›(in French)
- List of Mayors of France
- Inter-communality of Pyrénées-Atlantiques Archived 2014-02-22 at the Wayback Machine, Cellule informatique préfecture 64, consulted on 19 December 2011 ‹See Tfd›(in French)
- Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, Collective work, Amikuze - the Mixe Country, Éditions Izpegi, 1992, ISBN 2 909262 05 7, page 77 ‹See Tfd›(in French)
- Census cited by Manex Goyhenetche in his General History of Basque Country - Vol. 3, Elkarlanean, 2001, ISBN 2 9131 5634 7, page 26. The same work by Manex Goyhenetche indicated (page 284) that there were an average of 5.5 inhabitants per fire. ‹See Tfd›(in French)
- Transcribed and published by Ricardo Cierbide, Censos de población de la Baja Navarra, Max Niemeyer Verlag, Tübingen, 1993 ‹See Tfd›(in Spanish)
- Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, E 575, transcribed by Louis Baratchart in The Friends of old Navarre, January 1995, pages 44-54 ‹See Tfd›(in French)
- Bibliothèque nationale, 6956, Moreau register 979, cited by Manex Goyhenetche in General History of Basque Country - Vol. 3, Elkarlanean, 2001, ISBN 2 9131 5634 7, page 299. ‹See Tfd›(in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000684 Parish Church of Saint John the Baptist ‹See Tfd›(in French)
- ARBOTI-ZOHOTA in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia (Euskomedia Fundazioa) ‹See Tfd›(in Spanish)
- Arbouet-Sussaute on Lion1906
- Arboüet and Sußaute on the 1750 Cassini Map
- Arbouet-Sussaute on the INSEE website ‹See Tfd›(in French)
- INSEE ‹See Tfd›(in French)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Arbouet-Sussaute.|