Arbour Hill Prison
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|Security class||Medium security|
|Opened||1848 (civilian 1975)|
|Managed by||Irish Prison Service|
Arbour Hill Prison (Irish: Príosún Chnoc an Arbhair) is a prison located in the Arbour Hill area near Heuston Station in the centre of Dublin, Ireland. The prison is the national centre for male sex offenders.
Adjacent to the prison are the Church of the Sacred Heart, the official church of the Irish Defence Forces, and its cemetery, containing a memorial and burial place of 14 executed leaders of the 1916 Easter Rising.
The prison was designed by Sir Joshua Jebb and Frederick Clarendon and opened on its present site in 1848, to house military prisoners. The church has an unusual entrance porch with stairs leading to twin galleries for visitors in the nave and transept. Another unusual feature is the Celtic round tower which erupts from a rectangular base. It opened as a civilian prison in 1975.
The adjoining Church of the Sacred Heart, which is the prison chapel for Arbour Hill prison, is maintained by the Department of Defence. At the rear of the church lies the old cemetery, where lie the remains of British military personnel who died in the Dublin area in the 19th and early 20th century.
An interesting feature is the tunnel which runs from St Bricans Military Hospital, via the Prison to the former Collins Barracks.
A doorway beside the 1916 memorial gives access to the Irish United Nations Veterans' Association house and memorial garden.
On April 19, 1940, Irish Republican Jack McNeela died in Arbor Hill Prison after 55 days on hunger strike. McNella had been arrested and jailed for operating a pro republican pirate radio station.[self-published source?]
The military cemetery behind this prison is the burial place of 14 of the executed leaders of the 1916 Easter Rising. The leaders were executed in Kilmainham Gaol and their bodies were transported to Arbour Hill for burial. The 14 buried in Arbour Hill are:
- Patrick Pearse
- Tom Clarke
- Thomas MacDonagh
- Joseph Plunkett
- Éamonn Ceannt
- Seán Mac Diarmada
- James Connolly
- Ned Daly
- Willie Pearse
- Michael O'Hanrahan
- John MacBride
- Michael Mallin
- Con Colbert
- Seán Heuston
The graves are located under a low mound on a terrace of Wicklow granite in what was once the old prison yard. The grave site is surrounded by a limestone wall on which the names are inscribed in Irish and English. On the prison wall opposite the grave site is a plaque with the names of other people who were killed in 1916.
Bus Route(s): Nos. 37, 39 , 70 from city centre.
- "Monitoring and treatment of sex offenders in Ireland". Citizens Information. Ireland: Citizens Information Board. Archived from the original on 14 March 2021. Retrieved 14 March 2021.
- Gallagher, Conor (24 October 2017). "Tom Humphries jailed for 2½ years for grooming and sexual abuse of girl". Irish Times. Retrieved 24 October 2017.
- "The Forgotten Hunger Strikes". hungerstrikes.org. Retrieved 14 March 2021.
- McCarthy, Mark (2018). "Making Irish Martyrs: The Impact and Legacy of the Execution of the Leaders of the Easter Rising, 1916". In Outram, Quentin; Laybourn, Keith (eds.). Secular Martyrdom in Britain and Ireland (PDF). Springer Nature. p. 171. ISBN 978-3-319-62905-6. LCCN 2017947721.
- McEvoy, Dermot (18 April 2021). "Arbour Hill, Dublin's forgotten memorial to the men of 1916". Irish Central. Retrieved 6 November 2022.