Arbutus canariensis

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Arbutus canariensis
Arbutus canariensis2.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Ericales
Family: Ericaceae
Genus: Arbutus
A. canariensis
Binomial name
Arbutus canariensis
Veillard ex Duhamel 1800
  • Arbutus callicarpa Buch
  • Arbutus longifolia Andrews
  • Arbutus procera Sol. ex DC. 1839 not Douglas ex Lindl. 1836

Arbutus canariensis, known in Spanish as madroño canario, is a species of shrub or tree in the heath family. It is endemic to the Canary Islands of Spain, specifically Tenerife, La Gomera, Gran Canaria, El Hierro, and La Palma. It is threatened by habitat loss.[1]


Arbutus x thuretiana Demoly is a hybrid between A. canariensis and A. andrachne.[3] Named after Gustave Thuret, it is naturalised at Jardin botanique de la Villa Thuret.[4] A. x thuretiana is renowned for its perfectly smooth, reddish-brown bark, exfoliating in the spring to show a new, surprisingly pistachio-green bark, which gradually darkens and turns reddish again.[3]



  1. ^ a b Beech, E. (2017). "Arbutus canariensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2017: e.T30322A81768520. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-3.RLTS.T30322A81768520.en. Retrieved 16 November 2021.
  2. ^ The Plant List, Arbutus canariensis Duhamel
  3. ^ a b Filippi, Olivier (2007). Pour un jardin sans arrosage (For a garden without irrigation) (in French). Arles: Actes Sud. p. 80. ISBN 978-2-7427-6730-4.
  4. ^ Ducatillon, Catherine; Bellanger, Richard; Charron, Tristan; Chevallier, Joelle; Heinz, Christine; Marchal, Cecilia; Mellerin, Yannick; Caraglio, Yves; Ameglio, Thierry (2018), "Study of the adaptability of trees to drought:phenological monitoring of assisted growth sensors, in the Botanical Garden of Villa Thuret", Proceedings of the EuroGard VII Congress, EUROGARD, vol. VII, pp. 322–331, retrieved 2020-03-23

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