Arcadia Township, Manistee County, Michigan
|Arcadia Township, Michigan|
|• Total||18.9 sq mi (49.1 km2)|
|• Land||18.6 sq mi (48.2 km2)|
|• Water||0.3 sq mi (0.8 km2)|
|Elevation||719 ft (219 m)|
|• Density||33.3/sq mi (12.9/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||1625845|
The unincorporated community of Arcadia is located within the township on M-22 on the shore of Lake Michigan. Arcadia is at . The elevation is 587 feet (179 m) above sea level. The ZIP code is 49613.
European settlement in Arcadia dates to 1866, when Dr. W. L. Dempster, G. W. Boss, and H. Huntington settled on Bar Lake, so named because a large sandbar separates it from Lake Michigan (the lake is now called Arcadia Lake). The township was organized soon after, in 1870. The village of Arcadia was founded in 1880.
In 1882 another village was founded on Bar Lake called Burnhamville and centered around a lumber mill. It had its own post office until 1895.
Arcadia's early history was dominated by Henry Starke, a Milwaukeean who established a lucrative lumber mill. Starke also established Trinity Lutheran Church, Arcadia's most prominent structure and a Michigan state historic site. The town thrived as a lumber town through the early 1900s. In 1906 Starke's lumber mill burned to the ground and was replaced by the Arcadia Furniture Factory.
For a list of other Michigan historical markers in the area, see Manistee County, Michigan.
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The population of Arcadia roughly doubles during the summer months as people from across the United States maintain summer homes in Arcadia. People are drawn to the natural beauty and relative remoteness of the area. Many of the visitors are connected with the nationally renowned Arcadia Bluffs Golf Course, built in 1999 in the south of the township. Camp Arcadia (Michigan), a Lutheran family retreat center founded in 1922, draws thousands of visitors each year. The town itself is small and quiet, with few activities besides a bar called The Big Apple and The Arcadia Ice House. One of the few gravity hills in Michigan is located near Arcadia at the intersection of Putney and Joyfield Roads in adjacent Blaine Township.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 19.0 square miles (49.1 km²), of which 18.6 square miles (48.3 km²) is land and 0.3 square mile (0.8 km²) (1.69%) is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 621 people, 280 households, and 197 families residing in the township. The population density was 33.3 per square mile (12.9/km²). There were 545 housing units at an average density of 29.3 per square mile (11.3/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 98.55% White, 0.16% African American, 0.32% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 0.16% from other races, and 0.64% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.13% of the population.
There were 280 households out of which 23.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.6% were married couples living together, 7.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.6% were non-families. 25.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.20 and the average family size was 2.57.
In the township the population was spread out with 19.6% under the age of 18, 3.2% from 18 to 24, 21.1% from 25 to 44, 31.9% from 45 to 64, and 24.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 49 years. For every 100 females there were 87.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.9 males.
The median income for a household in the township was $34,844, and the median income for a family was $41,731. Males had a median income of $24,844 versus $22,813 for females. The per capita income for the township was $23,089. About 9.8% of families and 13.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.0% of those under age 18 and 4.7% of those age 65 or over.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Arcadia Township, Manistee County, Michigan
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Arcadia, Michigan
- Walter Romig, Michigan Place Names, p. 88
- Arcadia History. Archived January 24, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
- Harriet Quimby / Childhood Home, a Michigan Historical Marker
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