Arceuthobium douglasii

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Arceuthobium douglasii
Arceuthobium douglasii.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Core eudicots
Order: Santalales
Family: Santalaceae
Genus: Arceuthobium
Species: A. douglasii
Binomial name
Arceuthobium douglasii
Engelm.
Synonyms[1]
  • Arceuthobium douglasii var. microcarpum Engelm.
  • Arceuthobium microcarpum (Engelm.) Hawksw. & Wiens
  • Razoumofskya douglasii (Engelm.) Kuntze
  • Razoumofskya microcarpa (Engelm.) Wooton & Standl.

Arceuthobium douglasii is a species of dwarf mistletoe known as Douglas-fir dwarf mistletoe. It is native to western North America from British Columbia to Texas to California, where it lives in forest and woodland as a parasite. It is found mostly on Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) trees but occasionally on fir (Abies spp.) as well.[2][3][4]

This is a greenish shrub which is visible as a network of scaly stems extending above the bark of its host tree. Most of the mistletoe is located inside the host tree, attached to it via haustoria, which tap the tree for water and nutrients. The leaves of the mistletoe are reduced to scales on its surface. It is dioecious, with male and female mistletoe plants producing spikes of staminate and pistillate flowers, respectively. The fruit is a sticky berry a few millimeters long which explodes to disperse the seeds it contains several meters away from the parent plant and its host tree.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Plant List
  2. ^ a b Hawksworth, F.G., & D. Wiens. 1993. Viscaceae, Mistletoe Family. Journal of the Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science 27:241-245
  3. ^ Rothrock, J.T. Report Upon United States Geographical Surveys West of the One Hundredth Meridian, in Charge of First Lieut. Geo. M. Wheeler ... vol. 6, Botany 253. 1878[1879]
  4. ^ Kuntze, K.E.O. Revisio Generum Plantarum 2: 587. 1891.

External links[edit]