Archaeological site of Sbeitla

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Archaeological site of Sbeitla
Sbeitla capitole.jpg
Capitoline Hill of Sufetula
Archaeological site of Sbeitla is located in Tunisia
Archaeological site of Sbeitla
Shown within Tunisia
Location Sbeitla, Tunisia
Coordinates 35°14′25″N 9°7′11″E / 35.24028°N 9.11972°E / 35.24028; 9.11972Coordinates: 35°14′25″N 9°7′11″E / 35.24028°N 9.11972°E / 35.24028; 9.11972
Site notes
Excavation dates 1906-1921[1]

The archaeological site of Sbeitla is an archaeological site in Sbeitla, in north-central Tunisia. It represents the Roman ruins of Sufetula,[2] and contains the best preserved Roman forum temples in Tunisia. It was excavated and restored between 1906 and 1921.


The city was founded, if not already in existence, during the reign of Emperor Vespasian. Sufetula was the theatre of the great confrontation between Byzantines and Arabs in 647,[1] setting the stage for the later Muslim conquest of the diocese of Sufetula and further conquests in southern Europe.

Main sights[edit]

Roman remains[edit]

Roman bath with fish mosaic

Byzantine remains[edit]

The majority of the Byzantine buildings stand on the foundations and incorporate elements of earlier Roman ones. They include:

  • The Basilica of Bellator (late 4th or early 5th century), named for a local bishop[3] and including
    • The Chapel of Jucundus, which served as a baptistery and was named for an early 5th-century bishop buried there[3]
  • The Basilica of Vitalis (5th-6th century), named for its founding presbyter. An basin predating the church and decorated by a fish mosaic was found under the floor of its nave.[3][4]
  • The Church of Servus (5th century), named for its presbyter[3]
  • The Church of Saints Gervase, Protase, and Tryphon

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b SUFETULA (Sbeitla) Tunisia., A. ENNABLI
  2. ^ Archaeological site of Sbeitla, Tunisian National Institute of Historic and Artistic Heritage, December 15, 2010
  3. ^ a b c d J. Patout Burns, Robin M. Jensen, Christianity in Roman Africa: The Development of Its Practices and Beliefs, p. 149 ff. Eerdmans 2014, ISBN 9780802869319 [1]
  4. ^