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An archaeophyte is a plant species which is non-native to a geographical region, but which was an introduced species in "ancient" times, rather than being a modern introduction. Those arriving after are called neophytes. In Britain, archaeophytes are considered to be those species first introduced prior to 1492, when Christopher Columbus arrived in the New World and the Columbian Exchange began.[1]

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  1. ^ Preston, Christopher D.; Pearman, David A.; Hall, Allan R. (1 July 2004). "Archaeophytes in Britain". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 145 (3): 257–294. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2004.00284.x. ISSN 0024-4074. Archived from the original on 2018-03-06. Retrieved 2018-07-04.