Archaeoprepona demophon

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Archaeoprepona demophon
Archaeoprepona Demophon 027.jpg
Dorsal
One-spotted prepona (Archaeoprepona demophon).jpg
Ventral, Cristalino River
Southern Amazon, Brazil
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Nymphalidae
Genus: Archaeoprepona
Species: A. demophon
Binomial name
Archaeoprepona demophon
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Synonyms
  • Papilio demophon Linnaeus, 1758
  • Prepona demophon
  • Papilio luctuosus Walch, 1775
  • Papilio sysiphus Cramer, [1777]
  • Morpho sysiphe Hübner, [1819]
  • Prepona catachlora Staudinger, 1886

Archaeoprepona demophon, the one-spotted prepona, banded king shoemaker, or demophon shoemaker[1] is a butterfly belonging to the family Nymphalidae.

Description[edit]

The wingspan reaches about 54–58 millimetres (2.1–2.3 in). The uppersides of the wings are black, with bright pale blue transverse bands. The undersides are pale brown with a clearer band in the middle of the hindwings and several dark small dots on the margins.

Foodplants[edit]

The butterfly larva generally feed on plants of the genus Annona (Annonaceae) and on Malpighia glabra (Malpighiaceae). Adults visit rotten fruit or dung.

Distribution[edit]

This species can be found in Mexico, Central America, the West Indies, and northern portions of South America.

Habitat[edit]

Archaeoprepona demophon prefers the edges of forest canopy and subcanopy.

Gallery[edit]

Subspecies[edit]

  • Archaeoprepona demophon demophon (Surinam)
  • Archaeoprepona demophon thalpius (Hübner, [1814]) (Brazil (Santa Catarina, Minas Gerais, Espírito Santo, Bahia, Rio Grande do Sul))
  • Archaeoprepona demophon extincta (Staudinger, 1886)
  • Archaeoprepona demophon centralis (Fruhstorfer, [1905]) (Mexico to Panama, Honduras)
  • Archaeoprepona demophon muson (Fruhstorfer, 1905) (Colombia, Ecuador, Bolivia)
  • Archaeoprepona demophon occidentalis (Stoffel & Descimon, 1974) (Mexico)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Archaeoprepona demophon, Butterflies of the Amazon and the Andes
  • DeVries, Philip J. (1987). The Butterflies of Costa Rica and Their Natural History, Volume I: Papilionidae, Pieridae, Nymphalidae. Princeton University Press, New Jersey, 327 pp.
  • Lewis, H. L. (1974). Butterflies of the World. ISBN 0-245-52097-X
  • Especies de Costa Rica
  • Llorente-Bousquets, J., Descimon, H., and K. Johnson. (1993). Taxonomy and biogeography of Archaeoprepona demophoon in Mexico, with description of a new subspecies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Charaxinae). Tropical Lepidoptera 4(1): 31-36. pdf

External links[edit]