Archaeoprepona demophon

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Archaeoprepona demophon
Archaeoprepona demophon JBM.jpg
One-spotted prepona (Archaeoprepona demophon).jpg
Ventral, Cristalino River
Southern Amazon, Brazil
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Nymphalidae
Genus: Archaeoprepona
A. demophon
Binomial name
Archaeoprepona demophon
  • Papilio demophon Linnaeus, 1758
  • Prepona demophon
  • Papilio luctuosus Walch, 1775
  • Papilio sysiphus Cramer, [1777]
  • Morpho sysiphe Hübner, [1819]
  • Prepona catachlora Staudinger, 1886

Archaeoprepona demophon, the one-spotted prepona, banded king shoemaker, or demophon shoemaker[1] is a butterfly belonging to the family Nymphalidae.


The wingspan reaches about 54–58 millimetres (2.1–2.3 in). The uppersides of the wings are black, with bright pale blue transverse bands. The undersides are pale brown with a clearer band in the middle of the hindwings and several dark small dots on the margins.


The butterfly larva generally feed on plants of the genus Annona (Annonaceae) and on Malpighia glabra (Malpighiaceae). Adults visit rotten fruit or dung.


This species can be found in Mexico, Central America, the West Indies, and northern portions of South America.


Archaeoprepona demophon prefers the edges of forest canopy and subcanopy.



  • Archaeoprepona demophon demophon (Surinam)
  • Archaeoprepona demophon thalpius (Hübner, [1814]) (Brazil (Santa Catarina, Minas Gerais, Espírito Santo, Bahia, Rio Grande do Sul))
  • Archaeoprepona demophon extincta (Staudinger, 1886)
  • Archaeoprepona demophon centralis (Fruhstorfer, [1905]) (Mexico to Panama, Honduras)
  • Archaeoprepona demophon muson (Fruhstorfer, 1905) (Colombia, Ecuador, Bolivia)
  • Archaeoprepona demophon occidentalis (Stoffel & Descimon, 1974) (Mexico)


  1. ^ Archaeoprepona demophon, Butterflies of the Amazon and the Andes
  • DeVries, Philip J. (1987). The Butterflies of Costa Rica and Their Natural History, Volume I: Papilionidae, Pieridae, Nymphalidae. Princeton University Press, New Jersey, 327 pp.
  • Lewis, H. L. (1974). Butterflies of the World. ISBN 0-245-52097-X
  • Especies de Costa Rica
  • Llorente-Bousquets, J., Descimon, H., and K. Johnson. (1993). Taxonomy and biogeography of Archaeoprepona demophoon in Mexico, with description of a new subspecies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Charaxinae). Tropical Lepidoptera 4(1): 31-36. pdf

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