Archaeopterodactyloidea (meaning "ancient Pterodactyloidea") is an extinct clade of pterodactyloid pterosaurs from the middle Late Jurassic to the latest Early Cretaceous ( Kimmeridgian to Albian stages) of Africa, Asia and Europe. It was named by  Alexander Wilhelm Armin Kellner in 1996 as the group that contains , Germanodactylus , the Pterodactylus Ctenochasmatidae and the Gallodactylidae. In 2003, Kellner defined the clade as a node-based taxon consisting of the last common ancestor of Pterodactylus, and Ctenochasma and all its descendants. Although Gallodactylus phylogenetic analyses that based on David Unwin's 2003 analysis do not recover monophyletic Archaeopterodactyloidea, phylogenetic analyses that based on Kellner's analyses, or the analyses of Brian Andres (2008, 2010, 2018) recover monophyletic Archaeopterodactyloidea at the base of the Pterodactyloidea.
Classification [ edit ]
Below is a
cladogram showing the results of a phylogenetic analysis presented by Longrich, Martill, and Andres, 2018.
In 2017, Steven Vidovic and David Martill recovered a significantly different set of relationships for early pterodactyloids in their own analysis, as shown below.
References [ edit ]
Richard J. Butler; Stephen L. Brusatte; Brian B. Andres; Roger B. J. Benson (2012). "How do geological sampling biases affect studies of morphological evolution in deep time? A case study of the Pterosauria (Reptilia: Archosauria)". Evolution. 66 (1): 147–162. doi: 10.1111/j.1558-5646.2011.01415.x.
Andres, Brian Blake (2010). . Yale University. p. 366. Systematics of the Pterosauria A preview that shows the cladogram without clade names
^ Longrich, N.R., Martill, D.M., and Andres, B. (2018).
Late Maastrichtian pterosaurs from North Africa and mass extinction of Pterosauria at the Cretaceous-Paleogene boundary. PLoS Biology, 16(3): e2001663.
Vidovic, S.U.; Martill, D.M. (2017). "The taxonomy and phylogeny of . Diopecephalus kochi (Wagner, 1837) and "Germanodactylus rhamphastinus" (Wagner, 1851)" Geological Society, London, Special Publications. 455. doi: 10.1144/SP455.12.