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Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Glomeromycota
Class: Glomeromycetes
Order: Archaeosporales
C.Walker & A.Schüßler (2004)[1]




Archaeosporales is an order of fungi best known as arbuscular mycorrhiza to vascular land plants (Tracheophyta). but also form free living endocyte symbioses with cyanobacteria.[1] The free living forms have a Precambrian fossil record back 2.2 Ga, well before evolution of Tracheophyta.[4]


  1. ^ a b A. Schüßler; et al. (2001). "A new fungal phylum, the Glomeromycota: phylogeny and evolution.". Mycol. Res. 105 (12): 1418. doi:10.1017/S0953756201005196. 
  2. ^ International Culture Collection of Vesicular Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi
  3. ^ M. Krüger; C. Krüger; C. Walker; H. Stockinger; A. Schüßler (2011). "Phylogenetic reference data for systematics and phylotaxonomy of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi from phylum to species level.". New Phytologist. 193 (4): 970–984. doi:10.1111/j.1469-8137.2011.03962.x. PMID 22150759. 
  4. ^ Retallack, G.J.; Krull, E.S.; Thackray, G.D. & Parkinson, D. (2013). "Problematic urn-shaped fossils from a Paleoproterozoic (2.2 Ga) paleosol in South Africa". Precambrian Research. 235: 71–87. doi:10.1016/j.precamres.2013.05.015.