Archbishop's Palace, Trondheim

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Archbishop's Palace, Trondheim
Erkebispegården i Trondheim
Nidarosdomen og Erkebispegården Trondheim 01.jpg
Aerial view of the palace
Archbishop's Palace, Trondheim is located in Norway
Archbishop's Palace, Trondheim
Location within Norway
General information
Town or city Trondheim
Country Norway
Coordinates 63°25′34″N 10°23′40″E / 63.4261°N 10.3945°E / 63.4261; 10.3945Coordinates: 63°25′34″N 10°23′40″E / 63.4261°N 10.3945°E / 63.4261; 10.3945
Completed 12th century

The Archbishop's Palace in Trondheim (Norwegian: Erkebispegården i Trondheim) is a castle and palace in the city of Trondheim, located just south of the Nidaros Cathedral. For hundreds of years, the castle was the seat, residence and administrative center of the Archbishop of Nidaros.

During the Middle ages[edit]

The castle is one of the largest medieval stone structures in Scandinavia and the oldest walls are likely from the 13th century. The Archbishops of Nidaros expanded the castle gradually, with great halls and residential areas being built over time. Norway’s last Archbishop, Olav Engelbrektsson, attempted to make a final stand and defend the castle during the Reformation but eventually fled into exile.[1]

Royal property[edit]

After the abolishment of Roman Catholicism, the castle became royal property where the local lensherre resided. The castle was restored, rebuilt into a residential palace and eventually used more for military purposes, again being expanded considerably.[2] After the Sovereignty Act of 1660, the castle became the seat and residence of the Amtmann.

Restoration and current use[edit]

Substantial archeological excavations were made during the 1950s by Nicolay Nicolaysen and Gerhard Fischer which led to restorations being made at the castle. Today, the castle has several museums, is frequently used by the Church of Norway and is also the venue of Olavsfestdagene.[3]

The Royal Regalia, including the Crown of Norway, is kept at the castle

The Royal Regalia[edit]

The Regalia of Norway have been kept in the western flank of the castle at various times since 1826, but have been on permanent display in the castle since 2006.[4]

Gallery[edit]

Literature[edit]

  • Bakke, Erling: Erkebispegården. Nordens eldste profane bygning, Trondheim 1977.
  • Fischer, Dorothea og Gerhard: Erkebispegård – Kongsgård. Arkeologisk oppdagerarbeid 1952–72 i Fortidsminneforeningens Årbok 1975, pages 3–40.
  • Nordeide, Sæbjørg Walaker: Erkebispegården i Trondheim. Beste tomta i by'n. Trondheim 2003, page 379. ISBN 82-8101-001-0

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Erkebispegården". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). 2015-05-05.
  2. ^ Systems, eZ. "1686-1988 Militærperioden / Erkebispegården - erkebispesete, lensherreresidens og arsenal / Om Rustkammeret / Rustkammeret / Forsvarets museer - Website Interface". www.forsvaretsmuseer.no (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2018-06-06.
  3. ^ "Erkebispegården i Trondheim - Kunsthistorie". kunsthistorie.com (in Norwegian Bokmål). Retrieved 2018-06-06.
  4. ^ The Royal Regalia

External links[edit]