Archbishop's Palace, Trondheim
|Archbishop's Palace, Trondheim|
|Erkebispegården i Trondheim|
Aerial view of the palace
|Town or city||Trondheim|
The Archbishop's Palace in Trondheim (Norwegian: Erkebispegården i Trondheim) is a castle and palace in the city of Trondheim, located just south of the Nidaros Cathedral. For hundreds of years, the castle was the seat, residence and administrative center of the Archbishop of Nidaros.
During the Middle ages
The castle is one of the largest medieval stone structures in Scandinavia and the oldest walls are likely from the 13th century. The Archbishops of Nidaros expanded the castle gradually, with great halls and residential areas being built over time. Norway’s last Archbishop, Olav Engelbrektsson, attempted to make a final stand and defend the castle during the Reformation but eventually fled into exile.
After the abolishment of Roman Catholicism, the castle became royal property where the local lensherre resided. The castle was restored, rebuilt into a residential palace and eventually used more for military purposes, again being expanded considerably. After the Sovereignty Act of 1660, the castle became the seat and residence of the Amtmann.
Restoration and current use
Substantial archeological excavations were made during the 1950s by Nicolay Nicolaysen and Gerhard Fischer which led to restorations being made at the castle. Today, the castle has several museums, is frequently used by the Church of Norway and is also the venue of Olavsfestdagene.
The Royal Regalia
- Bakke, Erling: Erkebispegården. Nordens eldste profane bygning, Trondheim 1977.
- Fischer, Dorothea og Gerhard: Erkebispegård – Kongsgård. Arkeologisk oppdagerarbeid 1952–72 i Fortidsminneforeningens Årbok 1975, pages 3–40.
- Nordeide, Sæbjørg Walaker: Erkebispegården i Trondheim. Beste tomta i by'n. Trondheim 2003, page 379. ISBN 82-8101-001-0
- "Erkebispegården". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). 2015-05-05.
- Systems, eZ. "1686-1988 Militærperioden / Erkebispegården - erkebispesete, lensherreresidens og arsenal / Om Rustkammeret / Rustkammeret / Forsvarets museer - Website Interface". www.forsvaretsmuseer.no (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2018-06-06.
- "Erkebispegården i Trondheim - Kunsthistorie". kunsthistorie.com (in Norwegian Bokmål). Retrieved 2018-06-06.
- The Royal Regalia