Archbishop Quigley Preparatory Seminary

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Quigley Preparatory Seminary
Quigley Seminary.jpg
Archbishop Quigley Preparatory Seminary is located in Chicago
Archbishop Quigley Preparatory Seminary
Archbishop Quigley Preparatory Seminary is located in Illinois
Archbishop Quigley Preparatory Seminary
Archbishop Quigley Preparatory Seminary is located in the US
Archbishop Quigley Preparatory Seminary
Location Chicago
Coordinates 41°53′52″N 87°37′33″W / 41.89778°N 87.62583°W / 41.89778; -87.62583Coordinates: 41°53′52″N 87°37′33″W / 41.89778°N 87.62583°W / 41.89778; -87.62583
Built 1917
Architect Zachary Taylor Davis,
Architectural style Other, Late 19th And 20th Century Revivals
NRHP Reference #


Added to NRHP 16 February 1996
Archbishop Quigley Preparatory Seminary
103 East Chestnut Street
Chicago, Illinois
United States
School type private high school seminary
Motto Ora et Labora
(Pray and work)
Denomination Roman Catholic
Established 1918 (as Quigley Seminary)
Founder George Mundelein
Status closed (Archdiocese now uses historic structure for other purposes)
Closed 2007
Oversight Archdiocese of Chicago
Grades 912
Gender all-male
Campus type Urban
Color(s)      navy blue
Team name Phoenix
Newspaper The Talon

Archbishop Quigley Preparatory Seminary was an American seminary preparatory school administered by the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Chicago for young men considering the priesthood. Located in downtown Chicago at 103 East Chestnut Street, adjacent to Loyola University Chicago's Water Tower campus, it closed on 22 June 2007, and became the Archbishop Quigley Center, the pastoral center and headquarters of the archdiocese after renovations ending 19 November 2008.[2] Between 1961 and 1990, the seminary was split into two campuses: Quigley South and Quigley North, with Quigley North housed at the original building. The south campus was closed in 1990, with all seminary operations returning to the original building.

The predecessor of the school, Cathedral College of the Sacred Heart, was founded in 1905. Cardinal George Mundelein announced plans in 1916 for the building of a preparatory seminary at Rush and Chestnut Streets in downtown Chicago, and named the school in honor of his predecessor, Archbishop James Edward Quigley.[3] Echoing the educational theories of Johann Wolfgang Goethe, Cardinal Mundelein surrounded Quigley students with great architectural beauty:

"This will unquestionably be the most beautiful building here in Chicago, not excluding the various buildings of the University of Chicago."[4]

Quigley's Chapel of St. James,[5] with stained glass modeled after Sainte-Chapelle in Paris, was dedicated upon the seventy-fifth anniversary of the Archdiocese of Chicago and the twenty-fifth anniversary of Mundelein's priestly ordination on 10 June 1920.[6] Designed by architect Zachary Taylor Davis,[7] with stained glass by Robert Giles of the John J. Kinsella Company of Chicago,[8] it has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places since 1996. The American Institute of Architects Guide to Chicago has termed the stained glass of the Quigley Chapel "dazzling."[9]

The Quigley seminaries have educated almost 2,500 priests,[10] two cardinals,[11] over forty-one bishops,[12] two Vatican II periti, separate recipients of the Medal of Honor and the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland, and, in sports, two members of the Basketball Hall of Fame.

Early history[edit]

Archbishop James E. Quigley began plans for a minor seminary in Chicago in July 1903, shortly after his installation. Only 417 diocesan and 149 order priests then served Chicago's 252 parishes, with a city population nearing 1.7 million, and with the archdiocese's then boundaries extending across northern Illinois. Quigley recruited Rev. Francis Andrew Purcell to head the new minor seminary, and dispatched him to the College Propaganda Fide in Rome to earn a doctorate in divinity.

The site of the new seminary at Wabash, then Cass Avenue and Superior Street, was opened on 2 October 1905, upon Purcell's return, and named Cathedral College of the Sacred Heart. Following the European seminary practice of being sited in the midst of the city center of ministry, it also followed the practice of school on Saturday, with Thursday off. No tuition was charged for the first 52 freshmen recruited and admitted upon the nomination of their pastor. Nine other priests, all with either Irish or German surnames, served as the faculty.[13] It became the established tradition of Chicago's minor seminaries that financial want should not prevent a seminarian from attending.

Quigley purchased land on the far West Side of Chicago, in today's Austin neighborhood, for a future major seminary, and a site at Addison Street and Sheridan Road for a larger minor seminary, since Cathedral College had quickly grown to encompass three buildings. Chicago's rapid expansion made the Austin site unsuitable for a major seminary, and Quigley sold the property to the city for its present use as a portion of the beautiful Columbus Park,[14] later designed by the noted landscape architect Jens Jensen. Quigley's health failed before he could put his plan of seminary development in motion, but at an ecclesiastical event in the Eastern United States prior to his death, Quigley providentially spent an afternoon with George Mundelein, then auxiliary bishop of Brooklyn, describing his plans in detail. Quigley died on 10 July 1915, but his successor Mundelein expanded upon Quigley's vision and put it into action.[15] Upon his being named Archbishop, Mundelein boarded a train on 7 February 1916, with a delegation from his new archdiocese, and headed to Chicago, where he was installed as archbishop two days later.[16]

Within a few weeks, on "the feast of the Holy Apostles Phillip and James, 1916", Mundelein wrote to the priests of Chicago:

"It is for this reason that in several of the dioceses of the country, the bishops have established the more modern form of the preparatory seminary, where the young boy selected from among his companions by the pastor or confessor, who discerns in him the probable signs of a vocation, the piety, application and intelligence which is required for the candidate for the holy priesthood, even while remaining in the sacred circle of the home and under the watchful eye of a pious mother, is placed apart and educated with those who only look forward to that same great work in life, the priestly field of labor, keeping daily before his mind the sublime vocation of the priesthood, preserving him pure and pious by constant exhortation, by daily assistance at the Holy Sacrifice and by frequent reception of the sacraments."[17]

"The buildings are to be in the early French Gothic style of architecture and by reason of the distinct individuality and prominent location, will form a place of interest, not only to visitors, but to all lovers of the City Beautiful. The group will be composed of a main college building, and two ornate wings will be one the chapel, the other the library and gymnasium."[6]

Earlier in 1916, Mundelein had purchased a half block of land on Rush Street from Pearson to Chestnut Streets,[18] and later sold the Addison and Sheridan property for $600,000, with a profit of $160,000, in April 1917, with the profit going to build the new Quigley Seminary, and the principal being reserved for the planned new major seminary.[19] With the ground broken in November 1916 and a cornerstone laid at the corner of Pearson and Rush on 16 September 1917,[6] classes were first held at school's current location in September 1918.

Carrying on a precedent established in 1905 in Cathedral College under rector Rev. Francis Andrew "Doc" Purcell (Msgr. in 1922), also Quigley Seminary's first rector, the new "Quigley Memorial Preparatory Seminary" was established with a five-year program of study (which continued until 1961), but like Cathedral College as a day school, so that Quigley students "would never lose contact with their heritage, their families, their Church."[20]

By 1922, Quigley Seminary was already overcrowded, with over 600 students in a building designed to hold 500. A west wing of the building, this time in the Flemish-Gothic style, was begun in March 1925 and completed amazingly by December 1925, increasing the capacity of the school another 500."[21]

Msgr. Purcell established the school newspaper, The Candle,[22] its yearbook, Le Petit Seminaire, the Cathedral Choristers (a boys' choir which sang at Sunday Masses at Holy Name Cathedral), catechists (who served at parishes), the Beadsmen (who gathered after school and at breaks to pray the Rosary), and the primacy of basketball among Quigley Seminary's intramural and interscholastic sports. By the end of his tenure as rector in 1931, Quigley faculty had grown from ten at Cathedral College in 1905 to forty-two, and the student body had grown from fifty-two in 1905 to 1,030. Quigley's priest faculty were expected to live in the parishes of the Archdiocese, so as to keep a parish and priestly connection.[23]

Msgr. Purcell was succeeded as rector in 1931 by Msgr. Philip Francis Mahoney, who according to the Archdiocesan history, changed little established by Purcell, and whose poor health led to his resignation during the 1934–35 academic year. Mundelein then met with the Quigley faculty and asked for their prayerful individual and confidential recommendations for the rector's position. During the next faculty meeting, Cardinal Mundelein named as Quigley's third rector the faculty choice, Rev. Malachy P. Foley. Msgr. Foley urged Quigley faculty to earn graduate degrees, regularly met personally with students both to praise and correct, expected classroom professionalism, and, according to Archdiocesan historian Msgr. Harry Koenig's account, "maintained Quigley as a seminary that saw itself as second to no other high school."[24]

Mundelein's "Paperhanger" Speech and His Impact on Quigley[edit]

Perhaps the most memorable event in Quigley Seminary's history came on Tuesday, 18 May 1937, when Cardinal Mundelein, speaking to 500 priests at Quigley during a quarterly diocesan conference, lashed out at Nazi leaders Adolf Hitler, Joseph Goebbels, and Hermann Göring for using the pretext of "immorality" and sexual scandals to attack Catholic religious orders, organizations, and German Catholic schools, which at the time educated two million children, saying:

The fight is to take the children away from us. If we show no interest in this matter now, if we shrug our shoulders and mutter, 'Maybe there is some truth in it, or maybe it is not our fight;' if we don't back up our Holy Father (Pope Pius XI) when we have a chance, well when our turn comes we, too, will be fighting alone. . . . Perhaps you will ask how it is that a nation of sixty million people, intelligent people, will submit in fear to an alien, an Austrian paperhanger, and a poor one at that I am told, and a few associates like Goebbels and Göring who dictate every move of the people's lives...[25]

Nazi minister Goebbels, labeled a "crooked minister of propaganda" in the same speech by Mundelein, responded furiously within days at a mass rally with 18,000 attendants, demanding that the Vatican discipline Mundelein, which it refused to do. Nazi attacks on German Catholic institutions intensified, and 200 Catholic newspapers were shut down.[26] In Philadelphia, the International Brotherhood of Painters, Paperhangers, and Decorators for their part took exception to the Cardinal's classification of Hitler as a "paperhanger" in any case, despite Mundelein's remarks "he was not a very good one."[27]

Mundelein similarly championed Quigley,[28] and personally recruited Catholic families to send their sons into the priesthood, including Frederick and Reynold Henry Hillenbrand, sons of the dentist who treated Mundelein's niece, and later treated Mundelein himself.[29] In a 2 January 1938 speech to 2,000 members of the Holy Name Society at Holy Name Cathedral, Chicago, Mundelein said:

Our place is beside the poor, behind the working man. They are our people; they build our churches, they occupy our pews, their children crowd our schools, our priests come from their sons. They look to us for leadership, but they look to us, too, for support.[30]

Chicago's poor and working people comprised many immigrant groups, and Mundelein used his seminaries to break down ethnic barriers among the clergy. Ethnic groups fought back, and demanded concessions from Mundelein to preserve their identity. One such concession was that Quigley students of Polish descent had to learn Polish, a practice that continued from Mundelein's day until 1960.[31]

1940s to 1950s[edit]

The Quigley-educated rector and faculty member, Msgr. John W. Schmid, followed Msgr. Foley as the fourth rector in 1944, and expanded the language curriculum, sending professors (Quigley faculty were called "professors" or "profs" for short) to study in Mexico, Canada, and Europe, and added sciences and physical education as requirements. Schmid, seeing the student body of Quigley growing to 1,300 near the end of his thirty-one years of service to Quigley as professor and rector in 1955, began a formal study for expansion of the school, and stepped aside so a younger man could lead it. The vigorous and athletic Msgr. Martin M. Howard, another Quigley graduate and professor, fluent in classical languages and Spanish, was named rector on 18 May 1955, by Cardinal Samuel Stritch.[32]

According to Msgr. Koenig's account, Msgr. Howard faced the task of fitting four years of high school and two years of college into Quigley's five-year curriculum with a "Sulpician language-school model" of seminary inherited from Msgr. Purcell a half-century previous. With frequent faculty consultation, Howard participated in plans with Cardinal Stritch to convert Quigley to a four-year program, build a second Quigley near Chicago's south suburbs, establish a four-year free-standing college seminary, and shorten the program at St. Mary of the Lake Seminary in Mundelein, Illinois to four years of graduate study. In the mean time, the Archdiocese rented the Ogden School at 39 West Chestnut from the Chicago Board of Education as Quigley's "Annex" to better accommodate the overflow of Quigley's 1,300 students.[33]

Late 1950s to 1970s[edit]

Before Cardinal Stritch could complete the plan for the second Quigley, he died in Rome on 27 May 1958. At the direction of his successor, Cardinal Albert Gregory Meyer, a former seminary rector and Milwaukee archbishop named archbishop of Chicago on 19 September 1958, the seminary built a new high school, Quigley Preparatory Seminary South, at 77th Street and Western Avenue, which opened in 1961, with Msgr. Howard named as its first rector. The original Quigley classes of 1960 and 1961 graduated in Spring, 1961, with the new Chicago college seminary, later to be called Niles College, opening that Fall.[34]

Cardinal Meyer dedicated the Quigley South Chapel of the Sacred Heart (so named to hearken to the original Chicago minor seminary, Cathedral College of the Sacred Heart), its 40-acre (16 ha) campus, and new facilities for its 869 students on 13 September 1962.[35] For a short period in the early 1960s, both Quigley campuses held joint events, including graduations, in order to instill among the students the spirit of sharing one school.[36]

Msgr. John P. O'Donnell (Q' 41) was named rector of the newly named Quigley Preparatory Seminary North at the original Chestnut Street location in 1961. Msgr. O'Donnell encouraged his faculty to seek degrees from many universities, and he himself earned a PhD from Loyola University and a master's degree from the University of Notre Dame, in addition to earlier master's and licentiate degrees from St. Mary of the Lake Seminary. Cardinal Meyer continued the practice of appointing priests to Quigley on the theory that "young seminarians needed a good number of priest-models to make an intelligent decision about their vocations."[37] In 1965, Msgr. O'Donnell also led Quigley North in earning accreditation from the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools and took steps to make Advanced Placement classes available for students, an action mirrored at Quigley South, the year that Archbishop John Patrick Cody was named to succeed Cardinal Meyer, who had succumbed to cancer on 9 April. Quigley North faced for the first time a problem of declining enrollment, seeing its freshman class decline from 256 in 1962 to 130 in 1967. Declining enrollments brought both Quigley seminaries to consider further changes.[38]

In 1966, Cardinal Cody instituted a Chicago seminary system-wide change abolishing the Thursday day off and Saturday school day, which had for decades separated Chicago seminarians and seminary faculty from participating in Saturday social activities, while Quigley faculty voted to alter their own dress code requiring a cassock, in place of other clerical attire. Seminary policies prohibiting seminarian participation in co-educational activities and organizations were also revised in that same year. In 1968, dress codes for both Quigley seminaries requiring a suit coat and tie for students were revised to fit the seasons of the year, and the Quigley seminaries made the necessary arrangements so that Quigley students could join the National Honor Society. After a year-long self-study of the entire Chicago archdiocesan seminary system in 1969, assisted by the Arthur D. Little Company of Boston, Cardinal Cody announced in 1970 a new admissions policy for the Quigley seminaries, which expanded beyond Cardinal Mundelein's original requirement in 1916 that Quigley students be "educated with those who only look forward to that same great work in life, the priestly field of labor." Boys from two categories would, as of 1971, be admitted to Quigley, "(a.) ... who have indicated a desire for the priesthood and who meet the requirements of admissions, and (b.) ... who, in the judgment of parish priests, have the kind of character, ability, and temperament which might lead to the personal discovery of a vocation in the priesthood." The new policy also indicated that Quigley North and South should "emphasize the fact that they are contemporary seminaries primarily concerned with the development and encouragement of vocations to the priesthood", and that "a vigorous campaign should be begun, especially on the part of priests, to enroll qualified students."[39]

John Paul II's 1979 Address to Chicago Seminarians at Quigley South[edit]

On 5 October 1979, Pope John Paul II visited Quigley South, giving three speeches—one to the bishops of the United States,[40] one to the sick,[41] and one to the minor seminarians of both Quigley schools, to whom he said:

Dear seminarians,

I extend a special greeting to all of you who are present here today. I want you to know that you have a special place in my thoughts and prayers.

Dear sons in Christ: Be strong in your faith--faith in Christ and His Church, faith in all that the Father has revealed and accomplished through His Son and the Holy Spirit.

During your years in the minor seminary, you have the privilege of studying and deepening your understanding of the faith. Since Baptism you have lived the faith, aided by your parents, your brothers and sisters, and the whole Christian community. And yet today I call upon you to live by faith even more profoundly. For it is faith in God which makes the essential difference in your lives and in the life of every priest.

Be faithful in your daily prayers; they will keep your faith alive and vibrant.

Study the faith diligently so that your knowledge of Christ will continually increase.

And nourish your faith each day at Mass, for in the Eucharist you have the source and greatest expression of our faith.

God bless you.[42][43][44][45]

John Paul II added, "See how important you are--The Pope comes to visit you!"[46]

1981–1987 Vianney Hall Experiment[edit]

To appeal to suburban enrollment, Quigley North, under the leadership of then Rector Rev. Donald Cusack, established in 1981 an off-campus residence hall called St. John Vianney Hall on the grounds of Angel Guardian Orphanage (AGO) at 2001 West Devon in Chicago's Rogers Park neighborhood. This site sequestered one building in the AGO complex to house and board students from the hinterland of Chicago, Monday through Fridays, during the academic school calendar. All four Quigley classes were represented in these six years. The Vianney priest faculty included Frs. Barnum and Devereaux, who lived at Vianney full-time. Laymen, typically Loyola University students, were offered room and board in exchange for limited duties of moderating the daily activities of residence life, provide curfew enforcement and supervision of the hall members. The suburbs and exurbs were represented: Maywood, Gurnee, Hoffman Estates, Hillside, Olympia Fields, Buffalo Grove, Waukegan, Oak Park, River Grove, Park Ridge and Skokie. The dorm life was regimented by the priests, providing a general wake up call at 6:30 AM, Chapel service at 7 AM, followed by breakfast, hot or cold, prepared by a cook. Classes began at 8:45 AM. The CTA was the student's "green and cream limousine." The 155 Devon, 151 Sheridan 147 Express and L trains sped the students to Michigan Avenue and Chestnut. Curfew for returning to the hall was 5:30 PM for dinner. Study hours were 6-8 PM, followed by an evening Chapel service, then free time until "lights out" at 10-10:30 PM. A public phone was supplied. Chapel service was a reading of the day's Scriptures and minutes of silent contemplation. An amenity at AGO was a pristine full basketball court (once used by the Chicago Bulls prior to Michael Jordan's arrival) which was perfect for recreation and exercise after a full day's scholastic endeavor. Underclass students were 2 to a room and the Upperclass students were given single rooms. Only one student, Jeff Calabrese of Gurnee, was to have completed all 4 years of education while living at Vianney Hall from the Fall of 1982-Spring of 1986.

The residence life included a compulsory chore night: Thursday evening. Laundry, showers and lavatory, kitchen, and recreation areas, etc., were cleaned and repaired from the week's use. The residence opportunity facilitated a true '"'college prep" atmosphere. Students, as young as 14, were encouraged to care for one's self with limited supervision. To live in the city's North side, travel its Gold Coast, be schooled in a castle feet from the Mag Mile without daily parental imperatives was an accelerated track to young adulthood, save a Vocation's consideration. However, due to financial strains coupled to limited Niles College of Loyola enrollment from the roster of Vianney Hall, the experiment was abandoned. The opportunity for residence life was eliminated in 1987.

Some students chose to live in nearby parishes or commit to the lengthy commute. In all, some 20-30 youth spent a portion of their QN careers as residence of Vianney. Remarkably, this annex of QN was barely recognized by the student body as a whole or by faculty. Its mention, existence and mission were somewhat "conspicuous by absence." The progressive creation of a dormitory system to augment vocations was vanguard, and Quigley's only departure from the day-school model established by Cardinal Mundelein. When Jeff Calabrese mentions that he "lived at high school", he still conjures up New England wealthy and upper middle class institutions' sole ability to afford this option: live at school. Yet humble Quigley North took courage of its conviction and supplied the avenue for this unique and counter-cultural stance to house its students.

1980s to 2007[edit]

While in 1983, Quigley North Rector Rev. Thomas Franzman could report that "45% of our seniors headed on to Niles College [Seminary],"[47] by December 1989, facing declining enrollment and a reduction in the number of Quigley graduates completing studies for the priesthood, the Archdiocese announced the closure of both Quigley North and Quigley South as of June 1990, combining both schools into Archbishop Quigley Seminary at the original downtown site for the 1990 Fall term. For several weeks in early 1990, Quigley students[48] and alumni from both institutions picketed the mansion[49] of Cardinal Joseph Bernardin and published a full-page ad in the Chicago Sun-Times,[50] but many of the protesters later joined in supporting the combined Archbishop Quigley Seminary. The Quigley South campus was purchased for the new location of St. Rita High School (originally located at 63rd Street and Claremont Avenue). The reorganized Archbishop Quigley Preparatory Seminary would go on to earn national recognition from US News and World Report in 1999 as one of 96 outstanding high schools in America.[51]

During the period 1984–1993, Quigley graduated an average of 5.5 students per year who completed the remaining eight years leading to ordination.[52] As of the Fall of 2006, with an enrollment of 183 students, Quigley was the largest of the seven remaining preparatory seminaries in the country.[53][54]

Daily attendance at Mass was required of Quigley students for the greater part of the 20th century, following Cardinal Mundelein's letter of 1916 and John Paul II's 1979 direction quoted above, but the practice declined during the early 90s, when a weekly Mass was instituted.[55] However, when Rev. Peter Sneig was appointed rector in 2001, per Cardinal George's[56] decision, prayer was the centerpiece of Quigley once again. Since academic school year of 2000–01, Mass had been an integral part of spiritual growth, being required three days a week with Monday morning prayer and Friday afternoon prayer to begin and end each week.

The Archdiocese announced on 19 September 2006 that Quigley's doors would be shut at the end of the school year in June 2007.[57][58] After one year of renovation the site was to become home to the new archdiocesan Pastoral Center, containing the offices of the archbishop's curia and relative church bodies, with a "Quigley Scholars" program being established to support priestly vocations among high school boys.

On 15 June 2007, (the feast of the Sacred Heart of Jesus) Quigley closed its door to students at the end of the 2007 academic year.

Culture and Traditions[edit]

  • Beadle—during the Days of the Giants, the student in a Latin classroom designated by the professor to exact discipline and to pass back graded papers, usually the student with the second highest grades in a marking period, but sometimes a student creatively chosen by the professor to motivate the student or the class.
  • Beadsmen—an organization of Quigley students who prayed the Rosary in the chapel together and did service projects. Quigley students up until the 1970s were required to pray the Rosary daily.
  • Big Brother Little Brother Program- For a period of time, Quigley would pair a member of the senior class with an incoming freshman in order for them to become familiar with the school.
  • Candle—the Quigley, and after 1961, the Quigley North student newspaper
  • Cards—See "Give me your card." Said to a group of students committing some disciplinary infraction, such as smoking. The prof would hold out his hand, and simply say to the students, "Cards", or "Cards, please", and the offending students would hand over their demerit cards.
  • Cathedral Choristers—the boys' choir of Chicago's Holy Name Cathedral populated by Quigley and later Quigley North students during the Days of the Giants. Each entering Bennie was screened at orientation for singing ability, and if he could sing and his voice had not yet changed, his membership in the Cathedral Choristers was mandatory. If his voice had fully changed, he was assigned to the Schola or Glee Club. Founded as the St. George Choral Society in 1918, they became the Cardinal's Cathedral Choristers in 1931. The Choristers recorded "Carols of the Nations", which was a Christmas program performed at the Cathedral and at Quigley until the Choristers were disbanded in 1980.[59]
  • Chapel—often referring to daily Mass, morning prayer, and afternoon prayer at Archbishop Quigley.
  • Christmas Wreath Toss—During the traditional QN/AQ faculty tree trimming party, usually the first week of Advent, faculty members would take turns in tossing a wreath onto the arm of the statue of John Cardinal Newman in the faculty lounge (aka Tudor Room). If the wreath lands on Cardinal Newman's head or hangs off his finger, the toss is invalid. Often, it will take up to 4-5 rounds before wreath is properly rested on Cardinal Newman's arm.
  • The Crow's Nest—located on the 3½ floor northeast staircase of Quigley, the highest office in altitude at 103 E. Chestnut. Fr. William Sheridan long resided in that office. His own name is carved on the wood of the door. The entrance to Memorial Hall is found through this office. During the 1960s this room served as the Le Petite Seminaire yearbook office, and was for a time called "Gilligan's Island" after Rev. John Gilligan, the yearbook moderator.
  • Daily Mass—attendance at daily Mass in the early morning hours at one's home parish was required of Quigley students up until the 1970s.
  • Days of the Giants—an expression by older Quigley graduates about a past Golden Age in which the school's discipline and performance standards were higher, thus making the students of that era smarter, tougher, holier, better than any given present cohort of students, based upon a Scriptural reference to Genesis 6:4, "At that time the Nephilim (giants) appeared on earth (as well as later), after the sons of heaven had intercourse with the daughters of man, who bore them sons. They were the heroes of old, the men of renown."[60]
  • Day off—Traditionally, if the bishop came to visit Quigley for Mass, students could receive the rest of the day off of school, according to his personal prerogative. In latter years of the institution Auxiliary Bishop Jakubowski (an alumnus), particularly, liked to uphold this tradition by announcing at the end of Mass his grant of a "day off" of school (to be given at some later date as determined by the rector.) This practice earned him great affection from students who would, then, beg every other bishop visiting Quigley (including all auxiliaries who might pass through, the cardinal archbishop of Chicago, and visiting prelates from other dioceses) for the same, usually without success. Cardinal George did also eventually offer this privilege to students, at least on one occasion
  • Demerit—25 demerits in a semester lead to a student's expulsion, 60 in a year likewise.
  • Demerit Card—A card which totes 25 spots, 5 of which lead to a JUG, 25 of which lead to an expulsion. Often referred to in Monopoly terms such as 'Go to Jail' on 25, and Free Parking at 15 (a suspension).
  • Lenten Lob—during the season of Lent at Archbishop Quigley, tournaments were held to raise money for the Catholic Missions. Two key events are the Money Jars and the Lob. For the money jars, each class including faculty would have their own jar to collect/add money. At the end of Lent, the class with the most money wins; however, only quarters at to your amount while any other currency deducts from your total. The Lob is when students & faculty have to "lob" balls from different parts of the gymnasium balcony to a bucket on the floor of the gym. Depending on the location and the type of ball used, each class (plus faculty) gains points. At the end of Lent, the points and the money jar are added together to determine the winner.
  • Lenten Tournament—an intramural basketball tournament held both at Quigley and at off-site locations, such as the former Chicago Fire Department gymnasium at Navy Pier, during the Days of the Giants.
  • Memorial Hall—the east attic where students and faculty sneaked up and signed their names and class year. Earliest records indicates students from the class of 1918 and 1919, all four initials etched in stone. The rest have been signed in chalk with last name and graduation year. Memorial Hall can be accessed through the Crow's Nest.
  • Mission Party—a festive after-school event, usually on a Wednesday when Thursday was a free day, with card games, open gym and pool, movies, and refreshments, with funds raised going to benefit the Catholic Missions.
  • Mission Walk—The mission walk was to raise money for the Catholic missions, where students walk from Quigley to Mundelein Seminary, a total of approx 55 miles (89 km). Students are to fund raise money for each mile they walk. From the early 1990s to the early 2000s, the mission walk was a two-day event where students departed from Quigley on Friday morning and walk north to Mundelien. It is often tradition for the students who participate to stop by the Cardinal's residence before continuing on. The walk ended in the afternoon on Saturday. It is often tradition that the last mile the participants ran. After 2003, the mission walk was limited to Wrigley Field.
  • No girls—Quigley students were forbidden up to the point of expulsion from the seminary to date or to participate in clubs with girls without prior approval until 1966.
  • Pastor's signature—during the Days of the Giants, a pastor's letter of recommendation was required for a student to enter Quigley, and pastors as well as parents during the Days of the Giants were required to sign the student's report card at final marking periods. The report card included both grades and demerit totals, so obtaining the pastor's actual signature was a moment of reckoning.
  • Schola, or Schola Cantorum—a small group of Quigley students with mature voices trained in Gregorian Chant, who would sing at Quigley or at Holy Name Cathedral during the Days of the Giants.
  • Sparks—The official newspaper of Quigley North in its later years. Supposedly stems from an underground newspaper of the 70's called "Sparks from the Candle".
  • The Talon—The official student newspaper of Archbishop Quigley from 1990 to the present.
  • Thursday off, Saturday on—Quigley students went to school on Saturdays and had Thursday off up until 1966. On Thursdays, Quigley students would often go together to the nearest parish gym, which would sometimes be opened for their exclusive use. Parish priests would often also take Thursdays off, and sometimes join the seminarians in recreation.

Notable alumni[edit]


Cardinal Edward Egan
Paul Marcinkus
Fr. George Clements

Other Clergy[edit]

Capt. John H. Leims, USMC
George Mikan (#99)



  1. ^ National Park Service (2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ [1] Catholic New World online edition, "Looking Back, 2008", as accessed 1 April 2009
  3. ^ [2] Ellen Skerrett, Edward R. Kantowicz, and Steven M. Avella, Catholicism, Chicago Style, Loyola Press, 1993
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  7. ^ Zachary Davis also designed Wrigley Field and Comiskey Park; see [5] Chicago Architecture Foundation website. Retrieved 30 August 2007; also, Comiskey Park
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  22. ^ Reynold Hillenbrand was the student founder and first Candle editor, see [15] University of St. Mary of the Lake Liturgical Institute web page "Reynold Hillenbrand and the Sacred Liturgy: Introduction", as accessed 14 July 2007
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  33. ^ Koenig, Harry C., ed. (1981). Caritas Christi Urget Nos: A History of the Offices, Agencies, and Institutions of the Archdiocese of Chicago. I. Chicago, Ill.: Archdiocese of Chicago. p. 345. OCLC 8411062. 
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  35. ^ Koenig, Harry C., ed. (1981). Caritas Christi Urget Nos: A History of the Offices, Agencies, and Institutions of the Archdiocese of Chicago. I. Chicago, Ill.: Archdiocese of Chicago. p. 354. OCLC 8411062. 
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  62. ^ Curtis (ed.), Georgina Pell (1960–61), The American Catholic who's who, 14, Grosse Pointe, Michigan, USA: Walter Romig, (p. 25) Blanchette, Rt. Rev. Mnsgr. Romeo Roy ... grad. Quigley Seminary Chicago ('31) ... 
  63. ^ "Chicagoan named bishop of Belleville". Chicago Tribune. 16 March 2005. Retrieved 31 December 2010. Braxton was born in Chicago ... He studied for the priesthood at Quigley Preparatory Seminary, Niles College Seminary and St. Mary of the Lake Seminary in Mundelein. 
  64. ^ "ABOUT THE BISHOP". biographic sketch. Diocese of Bellevile. 2010. Archived from the original on 27 November 2010. Retrieved 31 December 2010. Bishop Edward K. Braxton was born on June 28, 1944 in Chicago ... The future Bishop studied for the priesthood at Quigley Preparatory Seminary, Niles College Seminary and St. Mary of the Lake Seminary, Mundelein, Ill. 
  65. ^ Curtis (ed.), Georgina Pell (1960–61), The American Catholic who's who, 14, Grosse Pointe, Michigan, USA: Walter Romig, (p. 86) Cousins, MOST REV WILLIAM E, bishop ... educ Holy Angels and St James Parish Schs., Quigley Prep Sem., St Mary's Sem Mundeleien ... 
  66. ^ a b c d e f Brachear, Manya A.; Ramirez, Margaret (20 September 2006), "Archdiocese to close historic Quigley Preparatory Seminary", Chicago Tribune, pp. 3 of 3, retrieved 30 December 2010, Some of high school's notable alumni: Edward Burke, Influential 14th Ward alderman, Cardinal Edward Egan, Archbishop of New York, Rev. Andrew Greeley, Well-known novelist and sociologist, Bishop Wilton Gregory, Archbishop of Atlanta, former head of bishops conference, Ray Meyer, Late Hall of Fame basketball coach at DePaul University ... Monsignor John "Jack" Egan, activist known for championing desegregation, organized labor, education and housing for poor. 
  67. ^ Eifling, Sam (26 April 2002), "Bishop Thomas J. Grady, 87", Chicago Tribune, retrieved 31 December 2010, Born in Chicago, Bishop Grady attended Archbishop Quigley Preparatory Seminary, where he returned to join the faculty after he was ordained a priest in 1938. 
  68. ^ a b "Pope Accepts Resignations of Chicago Auxiliaries, Names Three Others" (Press release). United States Conference of Catholic Bishops. 24 January 2003. Archived from the original on 31 May 2011. Retrieved 31 December 2010. Francis Kane was born in Chicago, October 30, 1942. He studied at Quigley Preparatory Seminary and St. Mary of the Lake Seminary, Mundelein, and was ordained a priest of the Chicago archdiocese on May 14, 1969 ... Thomas J. Paprocki was born in Chicago, August 5, 1952. He studied at Quigley Preparatory Seminary and St. Mary of the Lake, and was ordained a priest of the Archdiocese of Chicago on May 10, 1978. 
  69. ^ "Arlington's Second Bishop — John R. Keating", Arlington Catholic Herald (Arlington, Virginia, USA) (reprinted 20 November 2008), August 1999, archived from the original on 8 January 2011, retrieved 31 December 2010, John Richard Keating was born July 20, 1934, in Chicago, Ill. He attended Queen of All Saints School, Quigley Preparatory Seminary — both in Chicago — and St. Mary of the Lake Seminary, Mundelein, Ill. 
  70. ^ "MOST REV. GERALD F. KICANAS, BISHOP OF TUCSON". biographic sketch. Roman Catholic Diocese of Tucson. Archived from the original on 14 December 2010. Retrieved 31 December 2010. Bishop Kicanas was born in Chicago on Aug. 18, 1941 ... He attended Immaculate Heart Elementary School and Archbishop Quigley Preparatory Seminary in Chicago and the University of St. Mary of the Lake in Mundelein ... 
  71. ^ Rice, Patricia (20 April 2010), "Chicago native Thomas J. Paprocki named new bishop of Springfield archdiocese", St. Louis Beacon, retrieved 31 December 2010, While still at his parish grade school, Paprocki decided to become a priest. He enrolled in the archdiocese's high school seminary, Quigley Preparatory Seminary South. 
  72. ^ "Our Bishop". biographic sketch. The Diocese of Tulsa. 2010. Archived from the original on 15 December 2010. Retrieved 31 December 2010. Edward James Slattery was born in Chicago on August 11, 1940 ... After his schooling at Visitation of the BVM Grade School, Edward attended Quigley Preparatory Seminary in Chicago. 
  73. ^ "Quigley Distinguished Alumni Award Winners 2005: Most Reverend John George Vlazny Quigley 1955". biographic sketch. Archbishop Quigley Seminary Alumni Society. Retrieved 31 December 2010. Archbishop Vlazny attended Quigley Preparatory Seminary and St. Mary of the Lake Seminary where he received a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1958. 
  74. ^ Curtis (ed.), Georgina Pell (1960–61), The American Catholic who's who, 14, Grosse Pointe, Michigan, USA: Walter Romig, (p. 482) Wycislo, VERY REV MSGR ALOYSIUS JOHN ... educ. St Mary's Sch. Cicero, Quigley Prep Sem. ... 
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  86. ^ Connors, Caroline (6 October 2010), "Pfleger speaks at Christ the King", The Beverly Review (Chicago), retrieved 28 December 2010, Pfleger grew up in the parish of St. Thomas More Roman Catholic Church in Chicago's Wrightwood neighborhood, attended Archbishop Quigley Preparatory Seminary South, Loyola University and St. Mary of the Lake Seminary. [dead link]
  87. ^ "Alderman Edward M. Burke". biographic sketch. City of Chicago. 2010. Retrieved 28 December 2010. A lifelong resident of the Southwest Side, Alderman Burke graduated from Quigley Preparatory Seminary in 1961 and earned his Bachelor's Degree from DePaul University in 1965 
  88. ^ ""Evenings to Remember" on May 10 to feature Chicago Alderman Edward M. Burke: Burke will discuss 41-year City Council career and book about Chicago Presidential conventions since 1860" (PDF) (Press release). Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library & Museum. 16 April 2010. Archived (PDF) from the original on 19 November 2010. Retrieved 28 December 2010. Ed Burke attended Archbishop Quigley Preparatory Seminary and then DePaul University where he earned his undergraduate degree and then his law degree while working as a police officer from 1965 to 1968. 
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  92. ^ Smith, Sid (29 June 1997), "`Er' Player Harry Lennix Returns To The Role That Launched Him", Chicago Tribune, p. 3, retrieved 28 December 2010, Lennix attended Quigley South Preparatory Seminary at a time when the student body was only 10 percent African-American. 
  93. ^ Burton, Cheryl (30 November 2005). "Back home with Harry Lennix". transcript. ABC 7 TV News. Retrieved 28 December 2010. The road to stardom began on the South Side where Lennix grew up in a strict Catholic home. He attended Quigley South Seminary School with aspirations of becoming a priest. 
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  95. ^ a b Schumacher, Michael (2007), Mr. Basketball: George Mikan, the Minneapolis Lakers, and the Birth of the NBA, New York, USA: Bloomsbury USA, ISBN 978-1-59691-213-7, (p.19) Like Mikan, Ray Meyer was a deeply religious man who once considered the priesthood, and like Mikan, he attended Quigley Preparatory Seminary, although he lasted two years at the school, as opposed to Mikan's four. 
  96. ^ a b Goldstein, Richard (18 March 2006), "Ray Meyer, Former DePaul Coach, Dies at 92", New York Times, retrieved 28 December 2010, Meyer ... planned to be a priest but turned to sports after starring in basketball at Chicago's Quigley Prep and St. Patrick's Academy, which won the 1932 Catholic high school national title. In Meyer's first season, he discovered a basketball hopeful who, like the coach, had once studied for the priesthood at Quigley Prep ... As Meyer put it in his memoirs, George Mikan was "raw material with little talent." 
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  101. ^ Senator Sandoval
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  103. ^ "Larry Suffredin: Cook County Commissioner". biographic sketch. Office of the Clerk of Cook County. 2009. Retrieved 28 December 2010. High School: Archbishop Quigley Preparatory Seminary 

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