Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Amalfi-Cava de' Tirreni
|Archdiocese of Amalfi-Cava de' Tirreni
|Area||150 km2 (58 sq mi)|
|(as of 2006)
|Cathedral||Cattedrale di S. Andrea Apostolo|
The Archdiocese of Amalfi-Cava de' Tirreni (Latin: Archidioecesis Amalphitana-Cavensis) is a Roman Catholic archbishopric, which has its archiepiscopal see at Amalfi, not far from Naples. It was named Archdiocese of Amalfi until parts of the Diocese of Cava e Sarno were merged with it on September 30, 1986.
It was exempt, i.e. directly dependent on the Holy See, but is now a suffragan of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Salerno-Campagna-Acerno.
The current titular is Orazio Soricelli.
- Marian Co-Cathedral dedicated to the Visitation, in Cava de’ Tirreni
- Former Cathedral, a marian Minor Basilica, dedicated to the Assumption of Mary and to St. Pantaleone, in Ravello
- Former Cathedral, also Minor Basilica, dedicated to St. Trofimena, in ][Minori]]
- Former Cathedral of St. Lawrence 'Duomo di S. Lorenzo', in Scala, Campania
- Minor Basilica of Santa Maria dell’Olmo, in Cava de’ Tirreni
The early beginnings of the Diocese of Amalfi are very obscure; it is not known when it was founded, or when Christianity reached it. That it was early is a reasonable conjecture, considering the facilities for communication with the East which the South of Italy possessed.
The first positive indication that Amalfi was a Christian community is supplied by Pope Gregory the Great, who wrote in January 596 to the Subdeacon Antemius, his legate and administrator in Campania, ordering him to constrain within a monastery Primenus, Bishop of Amalfi, because he did not remain in his diocese, but roamed about. The regular list of bishops began in 829.
In 1206, it Gained territory from the suppressed Nuceria. And after the completion, also in 1206, of the Cathedral of St. Andrew (Duomo), the relics of the Apostle of that name, who was the patron saint of Amalfi, were taken from Constantinople and brought there by Cardinal Pietro of Capua, an Amalfitan who took part in the sack of Constantinople during the Fourth Crusade.
On 1384.10.10 it lost territory to establish the Diocese of Nuceria
On 1818.06.27 it was demoted as non-metropolitan Archdiocese of Amalfi, despite aving gained territories from the suppressed bishorpics of Minori and Roman Catholic Diocese of Ravello–Scala&Ravello–Scala.
The archbishopric had in the early 20th century about 36,000 inhabitants, 54 parishes and 279 secular priests.
On 1986.09.30 it was renamed as Archdiocese of Amalfi–Cava de’ Tirreni, having gained territory from and absorbing the title of the suppressed Cava de’ Tirreni.
On 2012.08.20 it gained territory from the Territorial Abbacy of Santissima Trinità di Cava de’ Tirreni.
(all Roman Rite)
- Bishops of Amalfi
(very incomplete : no incumbents available for the first centuries)
- Orso (897 – 920)
- Giacinto (925 – 936?)
- Costantino (947 – 960)
- Mastalo (960 – 987?)
- Metropolitan Archbishops of Amalfi
- Leone Orso Comite (989 – 1029)
- Leone (1029 – 1050)
- Pietro Alferio (1050 – 1070?)
- Giovanni (1070 – 1082)
- Sergio Donnamira (1082 – 1102)
- Mauro De Monte (1103 – 1128), previously Bishop of Minori (1092? – 1103)
- Giovanni (1142 – 1166)
- Giovanni di San Paolo (1166 – 1168)
- Roboaldo (1168 – 1174)
- Dionisio (1174 – 1202), previously Bishop of Teramo (Italy) (1170 – 1174)
- Matteo Capuano (1202 – 1215)
- Giovanni Capuano (1215 – 1239)
- Bartolomeo Pignatelli (1254 – 1254.11.04), later Metropolitan Archbishop of Cosenza (Italy) (1254.11.04 – 1266.09.30), Metropolitan Archbishop of Messina (Sicily, Italy) (1266.09.30 – death 1272)
- Gualtiero de’ Gualtieri (1254.11.10 – 1258), previously Bishop of Larino (Italy) (? – 1254.11.10)
- Filippo Augustariccio (1258 – 1291?)
- Andrea d’Alagno (1295 – 1330)
- Landolfo Caracciolo, ?Conventual Franciscans (Conv.? O.F.M.) (1331.09.20 – 1350?), previously Bishop of Castellammare di Stabia (Italy) (1327.08.21 – 1331.09.20)
- Pietro Capuano (1351 – 1362?)
- Marino Giudice (1361.04.16 – 1373.05.18), previously Bishop of Teano (Italy) (1353.05.24 – 1361.04.16); later Bishop of Cassano all’Jonio (Italy) (1373.05.18 – 1379), Metropolitan Archbishop of Brindisi–Oria (Italy) (1379 – 1380.06.04), Apostolic Administrator of Imola (Italy) (1380 – 1382), Metropolitan Archbishop of Taranto (Italy) (1380.06.04 – 1386.01.11), Apostolic Administrator of Aversa (Italy) (1381.11.13 – 1386.01.11), created Cardinal-Priest of S. Pudenziana (1383 – death 1386.01.11), also Chamberlain of the Holy Roman Church of Reverend Apostolic Camera (1383 – 1386.01.11), Archpriest of Papal Basilica of St. Mary Major (1383 – 1386.01.11)
- Giovanni Acquaviva (1375.01.01 – 1378); previously Bishop of Ascoli Piceno (Italy) (1369.10.22 – 1375.01.01); later uncanonical Metropolitan Archbishop of Salerno (Italy) (1378.12 – 1382▼)
TO BE COMPLETED
- non-metropolitan Archbishops of Amalfi
- Reg., V, xiv; cf. Jaffé, Regesta Pontificum Romanorum, 1403.
Sources and references
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton.