Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Buenos Aires

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Archdiocese of Buenos Aires
Archidioecesis Bonaerensis
Arquidiócesis de Buenos Aires
Facade BA Metropolitan Church.jpg
Buenos Aires Metropolitan Cathedral
Location
Country Argentina
Territory Buenos Aires
Ecclesiastical province Buenos Aires
Metropolitan Buenos Aires
Statistics
Area 78 sq mi (200 km2)
Population
- Total
- Catholics
(as of 2012)
2,917,000
2,671,000 (91.6%)
Parishes 186
Information
Denomination Roman Catholic
Rite Roman Rite
Established 6 April 1620
Cathedral Buenos Aires Metropolitan Cathedral
Patron saint Nuestra Señora del Buen Aire
Secular priests 471
Current leadership
Pope Francis
Metropolitan Archbishop Mario Poli
Auxiliary Bishops
Emeritus Bishops
Website
www.arzbaires.org.ar

The Archdiocese of Buenos Aires (Archidioecesis Bonaerensis) is one of thirteen Latin Metropolitan archdioceses of the Catholic Church in Argentina, South America.

The Archbishopric of Buenos Aires is the Primatial see (protocollary first-rank) of Argentina, [1][2][3] although the incumbent Metropolitan may be outranked by Cardinals or more senior ones. On 13 March 2013, then-Archbishop Jorge Mario Bergoglio was elected as Pope, under the name of Francis. The current archbishop, since 28 March 2013, is Mario Aurelio Poli, appointed by Pope Francis to succeed him as Archbishop of Buenos Aires.

Statistics and extent[edit]

As per 2014, the Archdiocese pastorally served 2,721,000 Catholics (91.6% of 2,971,000 total) on an area of 205 km² in 186 parishes and 183 missions with 783 priests (456 diocesan, 327 religious), 11 deacons, 1,915 lay religious (477 brothers, 1,438 sisters) and 53 seminarians. It is divided into the four zonal vicaries - Flores, Devoto, Belgrano and Centro - which are further subdivided into 20 deaconates.

Special churches[edit]

  • Its cathedral mother church is the Buenos Aires Metropolitan Cathedral, dedicated to the Holy Trinity, in the autonomous city of Buenos Aires, the national capital of Argentina.
  • It also has the following Minor basilicas, all in the metropolitan Buenos Aires area: Basílica de Nuestra Señora de Buenos Aires, Basílica de Nuestra Señora de la Merced, Buenos Aires, Basílica de Nuestra Señora de la Piedad, Basílica de Nuestra Señora del Pilar, Basílica de Nuestra Señora del Rosario, Basílica de Nuestra Señora del Socorro, Basílica de San Antonio de Padua, Basílica de San Carlos Borromeo y María Auxiliadora, Basílica de San Francisco de Asís, Basílica de San José de Flores, Basílica de San Nicolás de Bari (a National Shrine), Basílica de Santa Rosa de Lima, Basílica del Espíritu Santo, Basílica del Sagrado Corazón de Jesús, Buenos Aires and Basílica del Santísimo Sacramento.

Ecclesiastical province[edit]

The archdiocese has eleven suffragan sees, of which nine are Latin:

It also has two Eastern Catholic suffragans :

History[edit]

Episcopal Ordinaries[edit]

(all Roman Rite)

Suffragan Bishops of Buenos Aires
  1. Pedro Carranza Salinas, Carmelite Order (O. Carm.) (born Spain) (30 March 1620 – death 29 Feb 1632)
  2. Cristóbal de Aresti Martínez de Aguilar, Order of Saint Benedict (O.S.B.) (born Spain) (3 Dec 1635 – death 1641), previously Bishop of mother see Paraguay (Paraguay) (1629.02.12 – 1635.12.03)
  3. Cristóbal de la Mancha y Velazco, Dominican Order (O.P.) (born Spain) (31 August 1641 – death 4 July 1673)
  4. Antonio de Azcona Imberto (born Spain) (9 May 1676 – death 19 Feb 1700)
  5. Gabriel de Arregui, Friars Minor (O.F.M.) (23 June 1712 – 1716), next Bishop of Cuzco (Peru) (1716.01.14 – 1724.10.09)
  6. Pedro de Fajardo, Trinitarian Order (O.SS.T.) (born Spain) (22 May 1713 – death 16 Dec 1729)
  7. Juan de Arregui, O.F.M. (born Argentina: first native incumbent) (22 Nov 1730 – death 19 Dec 1736 Died)
  8. José de Peralta Barrionuevo y Rocha Benavídez, O.P. (born Peru) (19 May 1738 – 14 June 1746), next Bishop of La Paz (Bolivia) (1746.06.14 – 1746.11.17)
  9. Cayetano Marcellano y Agramont (23 Jan 1749 – 23 May 1757) (born Peru), next Bishop of Trujillo (Peru) (1757.05.23 – 1758.03.13), Metropolitan Archbishop of La Plata (Bolivia) (1758.03.13 – death 1760.08.28)
  10. José Antonio Basurco y Herrera (born Argentina) (2 April 1757 – death 5 Feb 1761)
  11. Manuel Antonio de la Torre (born ?Spain) (14 July 1762 – death 20 Oct 1776), previously Bishop of mother see Paraguay (Paraguay) ([1756.03.23] 1756.05.24 – 1762.07.14)
  12. Sebastián Malvar y Pinto, O.F.M. (born Spain) (19 Oct 1777 – 15 Dec 1783), next Archbishop of Santiago de Compostela (Spain) (1783.12.15 – death 1795.09.25)
  13. Manuel Azamor y Ramírez (born Spain) (27 Jan 1785 – death 2 Oct 1796)
  14. Pedro Inocencio Bejarano (born Spain) (3 July 1797 – 23 Feb 1801), next Bishop of Sigüenza (Spain) (1801.02.23 – death 1818.12.13)
  15. Benito Lué y Riega (born Spain) (9 August 1802 – death 22 March 1812)
  16. Mariano Medrano y Cabrera (es) (born Argentina) (7 Oct 1829 – death 7 April 1851), yet initially also Titular Bishop of Aulon (1829.10.07 – 1832.07.02).
Metropolitan Archbishops of Buenos Aires
  1. Mariano José de Escalada Bustillo y Zeballos (23 June 1854 – death 28 July 1870), succeeding as former Auxiliary Bishop of Buenos Aires (1832.07.02 – 1854.06.23) and Titular Bishop of Aulon (1832.07.02 – 1854.06.23)
    1. Auxiliary Bishop: Miguel Moises Araoz (1871.10.27 – death 1883), Titular Bishop of Berisa (1871.10.27 – 1883)
  2. Federico León Aneiros (Aneyros) (25 July 1873 – death 3 Sep 1894), succeeding as former Auxiliary Bishop of Buenos Aires (1870.03.02 – 1873.07.25) and Titular Bishop of Aulon (1870.03.02 – 1873.07.25)
    1. Auxiliary Bishop: Juan Agustín Boneo (1893.06.15 – 1898.02.07), Titular Bishop of Arsinoë[disambiguation needed] (1893.06.15 – 1898.02.07); later Bishop of Santa Fe (Argentina) (1898.02.07 – death 1932.06.17)
  3. Uladislao Castellano (12 September 1895 – death 6 February 1900), previously Titular Bishop of Anchialus (1892.09.24 – 1895.09.12) as Auxiliary Bishop of Diocese of Córdoba (Argentina) (1892.09.24 – 1895.09.12)
    1. Auxiliary Bishop: Juan Nepomuceno Terrero y Escalada (1898.04.21 – 1900.12.07), Titular Bishop of Delcus (1898.04.21 – 1900.12.07), later Bishop of La Plata (Argentina) (1900.12.07 – death 1921.01.10)
    2. Auxiliary Bishop: Gregorio Ignazio Romero (1899.06.19 – death 1915.02.21), Titular Bishop of Iassus (1899.06.19 – 1915.02.21)
  4. Mariano Antonio Espinosa (24 August 1900 – death 8 April 1923), previously Titular Bishop of Tiberiopolis (1893.06.15 – 1898.02.08) as Auxiliary Bishop of Buenos Aires (1893.06.15 – 1898.02.08), Bishop of La Plata (Argentina) (1898.02.08 – 1900.08.24)
    1. Auxiliary Bishop: Francisco Alberti (1917 – 1921.07.13), Titular Bishop of Siunia (1899.02.21 – 1921.07.13) -initially as Auxiliary Bishop of La Plata (Argentina) (1899.02.21 – 1917)-; later last Suffragan Bishop of La Plata (1921.07.13 – 1934.04.20), promoted first Metropolitan Archbishop of La Plata (1934.04.20 – death 1938.06.27)
    2. Auxiliary Bishop: Miguel de Andrea (1919.12.18 – death 1960.06.23), Titular Bishop of Temnus (1919.12.18 – 1960.06.23)
  5. José María Bottaro y Hers, Friars Minor (O.F.M.) (9 September 1926 – retired 20 July 1932), emeritate as Titular Archbishop of Macra (1932.07.20 – 1935.05.11)
    1. Auxiliary Bishop: Fortunado Devoto (1927.09.02 – death 1941.06.29), Titular Bishop of Attæa (1927.09.02 – 1941.06.29)
  6. Santiago Cardinal Copello (20 September 1932 – 25 March 1959), created Cardinal-Priest of S. Girolamo dei Croati (1935.12.19 – 1959.12.14), Chancellor of the Apostolic Chancery (1959.03.25 – death 1967.02.09), transferred Cardinal-Priest of S. Lorenzo in Damaso (1959.12.14 – 1967.02.09)
    1. Auxiliary Bishop: Antonio Rocca (1936.06.27 – retired 1975.04.22), Titular Bishop of Augusta (1936.06.27 – death 1979.05.12)
    2. Auxiliary Bishop: Tomás Juan Carlos Solari (1943.08.23 – 1948.09.20), Titular Bishop of Aulon (Hellas) (1943.08.23 – 1948.09.20); later Metropolitan Archbishop of La Plata (Argentina) (1948.09.20 – death 1954.05.13)
    3. Auxiliary Bishop: Manuel Tato (1948.11.13 – 1961.07.11), Titular Bishop of Aulon (Hellas) (1948.11.13 – 1961.07.11); later Bishop of Santiago del Estero (Argentina) (1961.07.11 – death 1980.08.12)
    4. Auxiliary Bishop: Manuel Menéndez (1956.10.25 – 1961.06.12), Titular Bishop of Diospolis superior (1956.10.25 – 1961.06.12); later Bishop of San Martín (Argentina) (1961.06.12 – retired 1991.07.16), died 1999
    5. Auxiliary Bishop: Guillermo Bolatti (1957.02.02 – 1961.07.11), Titular Bishop of Limata (1957.02.02 – 1961.07.11); later last Suffragan Bishop of Rosario (Argentina) (1961.07.11 – 1963.08.12), promoted first Metropolitan Archbishop of Rosario (1963.08.12 – death 1982.08.07)
  7. Fermín Emilio Lafitte (25 March 1959 – death 8 August 1959); previously last Suffragan Bishop of Córdoba (Argentina) (1927.07.07 – 1934.04.20), promoted first Metropolitan Archbishop of Córdoba (1934.04.20 – 1958.01.20), Military Vicar of Argentina (Argentina) (1957 – 1959), Titular Archbishop of Antiochia in Pisidia (1958.01.20 – 1959.03.25) as Coadjutor Archbishop of Córdoba (Argentina) (1958.01.20 – 1959.03.25)
  8. Antonio Cardinal Caggiano (15 August 1959 – 22 April 1975 Retired), also Military Vicar of Argentina (Argentina) (1959.12.14 – 1975.04.22); previously Bishop of Rosario (Argentina) (1934.09.13 – 1959.08.15), created Cardinal-Priest of S. Lorenzo in Panisperna (1946.02.22 – 1979.10.23), President of Episcopal Conference of Argentina (1958 – 1970)
    1. Auxiliary Bishop: Victorio Manuel Bonamín, Salesians (S.D.B.) (1960.01.27 – 1975.04.22), Titular Bishop of Bita (1960.01.27 – death 1991.11.11), next Auxiliary Bishop of the Military Vicariate of Argentina (1960.01.27 – retired 1982.03.30)
    2. Auxiliary Bishop: Jorge Carlos Carreras (1962.04.07 – 1965.06.12), Titular Bishop of Campania (1962.04.07 – 1965.06.12); next Bishop of San Rafael (Argentina) (1965.06.12 – 1969.07.19), Bishop of San Justo (Argentina) (1969.07.19 – 1982.04.14)
BIOS to ELABORATE
    1. Auxiliary Bishop: Ernesto Segura (1962.04.07 – death 1972.03.13), Titular Bishop of Carpi (1962.04.07 – 1972.03.13)
    2. Auxiliary Bishop: Manuel Augusto Cárdenas (1962.04.07 – 1975.04.22)
    3. Auxiliary Bishop: Oscar Félix Villena (1962.07.26 – 1970.02.11)
    4. Auxiliary Bishop: Horacio Alberto Bózzoli (1975.04.05 – 1978.07.11)
  1. Juan Carlos Cardinal Aramburu (22 April 1975 – 10 July 1990 Retired)
    1. Auxiliary Bishop: Guillermo Leaden, S.D.B. (1975.05.28 – 1992.04.10)
    2. Auxiliary Bishop: Mario José Serra (1975.05.28 – 2002.02.08)
    3. Auxiliary Bishop: José Manuel Lorenzo (1977.06.10 – 1983.11.26)
    4. Auxiliary Bishop: Arnaldo Clemente Canale (1977.06.10 – 1990.07.30)
    5. Auxiliary Bishop: Domingo Salvador Castagna (1978.11.24 – 1984.08.28)
    6. Auxiliary Bishop: Eduardo Vicente Mirás (1984.03.01 – 1993.11.20)
    7. Auxiliary Bishop: Luis Héctor Villalba (later Cardinal) (1984.10.20 – 1991.07.16)
  2. Antonio Cardinal Quarracino (10 July 1990 – death 28 February 1998)
    1. Auxiliary Bishop: Rubén Oscar Frassia (1992.02.26 – 1993.07.22)
    2. Auxiliary Bishop: Héctor Rubén Aguer (1992.02.26 – 1998.06.26)
    3. Auxiliary Bishop: Raúl Omar Rossi (1992.05.20 – 2000.02.22)
    4. Auxiliary Bishop: José Luis Mollaghan (1993.07.22 – 2000.05.17)
    5. Auxiliary Bishop: Guillermo Rodríguez Melgarejo (1994.06.25 – 2003.05.30)
  3. Jorge Mario Cardinal Bergoglio, S.J. (28 February 1998 – 13 March 2013), elected Pope Francis
    1. Auxiliary Bishop: Horacio Ernesto Benites Astoul (1999.03.16 – 2008.12.01)
    2. Auxiliary Bishop: Jorge Eduardo Lozano (2000.01.04 – 2005.12.22)
    3. Auxiliary Bishop (2000.07.22 – ...): Joaquín Mariano Sucunza, Titular Bishop of Saetabis
    4. Auxiliary Bishop: José Antonio Gentico (2001.03.21 – 2007.04.05)
    5. Auxiliary Bishop: Eduardo Horacio García (2003.06.21 – 2014.11.06)
    6. Auxiliary Bishop: Raúl Martín (2006.03.01 – 2013.09.24)
    7. Auxiliary Bishop: Óscar Vicente Ojea (2006.05.24 – 2009.10.07)
    8. Auxiliary Bishop (2008.09.04 – ...): Enrique Eguía Seguí, Titular Bishop of Cissi
    9. Auxiliary Bishop: Luis Alberto Fernández Alara (2009.01.24 – 2013.09.10)
    10. Auxiliary Bishop: Vicente Bokalic Iglic, Lazarists (C.M.) (2010.03.15 – 2013.12.23)
  4. Mario Aurelio Cardinal Poli (20 April 2013 - ...)
    1. Auxiliary Bishop (2014.02.14 – ...): Alejandro Daniel Giorgi, Titular Bishop of Summa
    2. Auxiliary Bishop (2014.03.05 – ...): Ernesto Giobando, S.J., Titular Bishop of Appiaria
    3. Auxiliary Bishop (2014.11.17 – ...): Juan Carlos Ares, Titular Bishop of Cercina
    4. Auxiliary Bishop (2015.01.16 – ...): José María Baliña, Titular Bishop of Theudalis

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Arquidiócesis de Buenos Aires". Episcopado.org. 2012-02-29. Retrieved 2015-05-20. 
  2. ^ "El nuevo arzobispo de Buenos Aires es Mons. Mario Poli". AICA.org. 2013-03-28. Retrieved 2015-05-20. 
  3. ^ "El Esquiu.com domingo 16 diciembre 2012 by Editorial El Esquiú". ISSUU.com. Retrieved 2015-05-20. 

Sources and external links[edit]