Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Capua
|Archdiocese of Capua
|Area||500 km2 (190 sq mi)|
|(as of 2006)
|Cathedral||Basilica Cattedrale di Maria SS. Assunta in Cielo|
The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Capua (Latin: Archidioecesis Capuana) is an archdiocese (originally a suffragan bishopric) of the Roman Catholic Church in Italy, but its archbishop no longer holds metropolitan rank and has no ecclesiastical province. Its see is in Capua, in Campania near Naples.
Until Tuesday, April 30, 2013, Bishop Salvatore Visco was Bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Isernia - Venafro, but that day, Pope Francis appointed him to serve as Archbishop of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Capua. Archbishop Salvatore Visco was born in Naples July 28, 1948. He completed his high school studies at the minor seminary of Pozzuoli and the philosophy and theology at the Major Seminary of Naples as a student at the Pontifical Theological Faculty of Southern Italy, in the section Saint Thomas (Capodimonte). He was ordained a priest on April 14, 1973. After ordination he held the following offices and ministries: Parochial Vicar of Holy Mary. He served as a Professor of Religion at the public school (1974-1994), and as Pastor of the Church of Mater Domini (1985-1993), Director of the Diocesan Liturgical Office (1985-1994), Episcopal Delegate for the Permanent Diaconate ministry program, and Diocesan Director for other Ministries (1985-1995), Vicar General of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Pozzuoli, Italy and Dean of the Chapter of the Cathedral Church of Pozzuoli (1994-2007). Appointed to serve as Bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Isernia - Venafro on April 5, 2007 by Pope Emeritus Benedict XVI, he received ordination as a Bishop on June 2, 2007. He is currently Vice-President of the Episcopal Conference of Abruzzi - Molise.
According to the tradition, Christianity was first preached at Capua by St. Priscus, a disciple of St. Peter. In the martyrology mention is made of many Capuan martyrs, and it is probable that, owing to its position and importance, Capua received the Christian doctrine at a very early period.
The episcopal see is believed to be founded in the 2nd century as "Capuanus". The first bishop of whom there is positive record is Protasius, present at the Roman Council under Pope Melchiades in 313. He was succeeded by Protus Vincentius, a Roman deacon and legate of Pope Sylvester I at the First Council of Nicaea, who took a prominent part in the Arian controversies, and was present at the Council of Sardica (343). At the conciliabulum of Arles (353) he was led astray by Constantius and consented to the deposition of St. Athanasius, an error for which he made amends at Rimini.
Bishop Memorius, who held a council to deal with the Schism of Antioch and the heresy of Bonosus, is often mentioned in the letters of St. Augustine and St. Paulinus, and was the father of the ardent Pelagian Julian of Eclanum. In 443, Priscus, an exile from North Africa and a man of great sanctity, was elected bishop; possibly it is his name that popular tradition carried back to the head of the list of Capuan bishops. Another incumbent of this see was Germanus, whom Pope Hormisdas sent twice to Constantinople to restore unity with the Roman Church. In 541, Bishop Benedictus died and was ever afterwards held in repute of sanctity. His successor, Victor of Capua, (541–554), was a learned exegete.
In 841, during the bishopric of St. Paulinus, a band of Saracens destroyed Capua, and much of the population emigrated in a new town founded in another location. The episcopal see was moved there; later the old city, growing around the ancient basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore, was repopulated and called Santa Maria di Capua (current Santa Maria Capua Vetere). It is part of the current archdiocese of Capua.
First bishop of the diocese of Capua Nova ("New Capua") was Landulf (843–879). In 968 pope John XIII took refuge in Capua, and in gratitude raised the see to archiepiscopal rank on 14 August 966. First archbishop was John (966–973).
Famous incumbents include:
- Alfano (1158–1183)
- Matthew (1183–1199)
- Marino Filomarino (1252–1285), a disciple of St. Thomas Aquinas
- Pietro Gerra (1298–1299), became patriarch of Aquileia
- Filippo de Barillis (1406–1435)
- Juan de Borja Llançol de Romaní (1497–1498)
- Nikolaus von Schönberg alias Fra Nicolò Schomberg, a distinguished theologian (1520–1536)
- Cesare Costa (1572–1602), active as a reformer of the clergy, and a learned canonist
- Robert Bellarmine (1602–1605)
- Alfonso Capecelatro, librarian of the Holy Roman Church and author (1880–1912)
- Luigi Diligenza (1978–1997)
- Bruno Schettino (1997–2012)