Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Capua
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Archdiocese of Capua
|Area||500 km2 (190 sq mi)|
|(as of 2013)|
192,300 (est.) (97.3%)
|Cathedral||Basilica Cattedrale di Maria SS. Assunta in Cielo|
|Secular priests||70 (diocesan)|
12 (Religious Orders)
The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Capua (Latin: Archidioecesis Capuana) is an archdiocese (originally a suffragan bishopric) of the Roman Catholic Church in Italy, but its archbishop no longer holds metropolitan rank and has no ecclesiastical province. Its see is in Capua, in Campania near Naples. Since 1979, it is a suffragan of the Archdiocese of Napoli in Naples, i.e. no longer has its own ecclesiastical province nor metropolitan status. In 2013 in the Archdiocese of Capua there was one priest for every 2,345 Catholics.
According to the tradition, Christianity was first preached at Capua by St. Priscus, a disciple of St. Peter. In the martyrology mention is made of many Capuan martyrs, and it is probable that, owing to its position and importance, Capua received the Christian doctrine at a very early period.
The episcopal see is believed to be founded in the 2nd century as "Capuanus". The first bishop of whom there is positive record is Protasius, present at the Roman Council under Pope Melchiades in 313. He was succeeded by Protus Vincentius, a Roman deacon and legate of Pope Sylvester I at the First Council of Nicaea, who took a prominent part in the Arian controversies, and was present at the Council of Sardica (343). At the conciliabulum of Arles (353) he was led astray by Constantius and consented to the deposition of St. Athanasius, an error for which he made amends at Rimini.
Bishop Memorius, who held a council to deal with the Schism of Antioch and the heresy of Bonosus, is often mentioned in the letters of St. Augustine and St. Paulinus, and was the father of the ardent Pelagian Julian of Eclanum. In 443, Priscus, an exile from North Africa and a man of great sanctity, was elected bishop; possibly it is his name that popular tradition carried back to the head of the list of Capuan bishops. Another incumbent of this see was Germanus, whom Pope Hormisdas sent twice to Constantinople to restore unity with the Roman Church. In 541, Bishop Benedictus died and was ever afterwards held in repute of sanctity. His successor, Victor of Capua, (541–554), was a learned exegete.
In 841, during the bishopric of St. Paulinus, a band of Saracens destroyed Capua, and much of the population emigrated in a new town founded in another location. The episcopal see was moved there; later the old city, growing around the ancient basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore, was repopulated and called Santa Maria di Capua (current Santa Maria Capua Vetere). It is part of the current archdiocese of Capua.
First bishop of the diocese of Capua Nova ("New Capua") was Landulf (843–879). In 968 pope John XIII took refuge in Capua, and in gratitude raised the see to archiepiscopal rank on 14 August 966. First archbishop was John (966–973).
- St Priscus, first bishop of Capua, a disciple of Jesus Christ 
- St Priscus, second bishop of Capua (443 Died) 
- Festus (591–594 Died)
- Pietro Gerra (Pietro Guerra) (1298–1299, Patriarch of Aquileia)
- Leonardo Patrasso (1299–1300, Cardinal-Bishop of Albano)
- Giovanni d'Alatri (1301–1304 Died)
- Juan de Borja Lanzol de Romaní, el menor (1496–1498 Resigned)
- Juan López (1498–1501 Died)
- Giovanni Battista Ferrari (1501–1502 Died)
- Ippolito d'Este (I) (1502–1520 Died)
- Nikolaus von Schönberg, O.P. (1520–1536 Resigned) alias Fra Nicolò Schomberg, a distinguished theologian
- Tommaso Caracciolo (1536–1546 Died)
- Niccolò Caetani di Sermoneta (1546–1585 Died)
- Cesare Costa, C.O. (1572–1602 Died) active as a reformer of the clergy, and a learned canonist
- St. Roberto Francesco Romolo Bellarmino, S.J. (1602–1605 Resigned)
- Antonio Caetani (iuniore) (1605–1624 Died)
- Luigi Caetani (1624–1627 Resigned)
- Girolamo Costanzo (1627–1633 Died)
- Girolamo de Franchis (1634–1635 Died)
- Camillo Melzi (1636–1659 Died)
- Giovanni Antonio Melzi (1661–1687 Died)
- Gasparo Cavalieri (1687–1690 Died)
- Giacomo Cantelmo (1690–1691, Archbishop of Naples)
- Giuseppe Bologna (1691–1697 Died)
- Carlo Loffredo, C.R. (1698–1701 Died)
- Niccolò Caracciolo (1703–1728 Died)
- Mondilio Orsini, C.O. (1728–1743 Resigned)
- Giuseppe Maria Ruffo (1744–1754 Died)
- Muzio Gaeta (Jr.) (1754–1764 Died)
- Michele Maria Capece Galeota, C.R. (1764–1777 Resigned)
- Adelmo Gennaro Pignatelli di Belmonte, O.S.B. (1777–1785 Died)
- Agostino Gervasio, O.E.S.A. (1792–1806 Died)
- Baldassare Mormile, C.R. (1818–1826 Died)
- Francesco Serra Cassano (1826–1850 Died)
- Giuseppe Cosenza (1850–1863 Died)
- Francesco Saverio Maria Apuzzo (1871–1880 Died)
- Alfonso Capecelatro di Castelpagano, C.O. (1880–1912 Died) librarian of the Holy Roman Church and author (1880–1912)
- Gennaro Cosenza (1913–1930 Retired)
- Salvatore Baccarini, C.R. (1930–1962 Died)
- Tommaso Leonetti (1962–1978 Retired)
- Luigi Diligenza (1978–1997 Retired)
- Bruno Schettino (1997–2012 Died)
- Salvatore Visco (2013–)
Until Tuesday, April 30, 2013, Bishop Salvatore Visco was Bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Isernia - Venafro, but that day, Pope Francis appointed him to serve as Archbishop of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Capua. Archbishop Salvatore Visco was born in Naples July 28, 1948. He completed his high school studies at the minor seminary of Pozzuoli and the philosophy and theology at the Major Seminary of Naples as a student at the Pontifical Theological Faculty of Southern Italy, in the section Saint Thomas (Capodimonte). He was ordained a priest on April 14, 1973. After ordination he was Parochial Vicar of Holy Mary. He served as a Professor of Religion at the public school 91974-1994). He was Pastor of the Church of Mater Domini (1985-1993), Director of the Diocesan Liturgical Office (1985-1994), Episcopal Delegate for the Permanent Diaconate ministry program, and Diocesan Director for other Ministries (1985-1995), Vicar General of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Pozzuoli, Italy and Dean of the Chapter of the Cathedral Church of Pozzuoli (1994-2007). Appointed to serve as Bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Isernia - Venafro on April 5, 2007 by Pope Emeritus Benedict XVI, he received ordination as a Bishop on June 2, 2007. He is currently Vice-President of the Episcopal Conference of Abruzzi - Molise.
- "Archdiocese of Capua" Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved February 29, 2016
- "Archdiocese of Capua" GCatholic.org. Gabriel Chow. Retrieved February 29, 2016
- The Roman and British Martyrology. O'neill and Duggan. 1846. p. 285. Retrieved 8 September 2017.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-05-02. Retrieved 2013-04-30.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)