Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Izmir

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Archdiocese of Izmir
Archidioecesis Smyrnensis
İzmir Başpiskoposluğu
St. John's Cathedral (RC), Izmir.JPG
St. John's Cathedral
Location
Country  Turkey
Ecclesiastical province Izmir
Statistics
Population
- Catholics
(as of 2006)
1,950
Parishes 10
Information
Denomination Roman Catholic
Sui iuris church Latin Church
Rite Roman Rite
Established 18 March 1818
Cathedral St. John's Cathedral
Patron saint Polycarp
Current leadership
Pope Francis
Archbishop Lorenzo Piretto
Emeritus Bishops Giuseppe Germano Bernardini Archbishop Emeritus (1983-2004)
Map
Archidioecesis Smyrnensis.svg

The Roman Catholic Metropolitan Archdiocese of İzmir (Smyrna, Smirne) (Latin: Archidioecesis Smyrnensis) is a Latin archdiocese of the Roman Catholic Church in Asian Turkey (Anatolia).

The archdiocese's cathedral motherchurch and thus see of its archbishop is St. John's Cathedral. It also includes a World Heritage Site: Meryem Ana Evi Meryem Ana Evi, Bülbüldağı.

Lorenzo Piretto, Dominican Order (O.P.), was appointed Archbishop of İzmir by Pope Francis on 7 December 2015.

History[edit]

In 1346 was established a Latin Archdiocese of Smyrna (Smirne).

In 1575 it was suppressed as residential see but immediately transformed into a Latin Titular archbishopric. As such it has had three incumbents :

  • Eugenio di Pesaro, Augustinian Order (O.E.S.A.) (1575.11.16 – ?)
  • Agostino Buzio di Varese, Friars Minor (O.F.M.) (1580.07.04 – ?)
  • Carlo Gaudenzio Madruzzo (1595.10.23 – 1600.04.02) (later Cardinal*)

In 1625 the residential see was restored, albeit for now demoted to missionary pre-diocesan jurisdiction, as Apostolic Vicariate of Smyrna (Smirne).

It was promoted to nominally Metropolitan Archdiocese of Izmir (Smyrna) by Pope Pius VII on March 18, 1818, albeit without any suffragan sees that usually constitute the ecclesiastical province under a metropolitan archdiocese.

On 12 September 1896 it gained territory from the suppressed Apostolic Prefecture of Trabzon, on 20 July 1931 it lost territory to the Diocese of Chios (insular Greece).

It enjoyed Papal visits from Pope Paul VI in July 1967, from Pope John Paul II in November 1979 and from Pope Benedict XVI in November 2006.

Ordinaries[edit]

(all Roman Rite)

Crusader age[edit]

Archbishops of Smyrna (Smirne)

Modern age[edit]

Apostolic Vicars of Smyrna (Smirne)
  • Pietro de Marchi, O.P. (1625.02.19 – death 1648.07.13), previously Bishop of Santorini (insular Greece) (1611.04.18 – 1625.02.19)
  • Giacinto Subiani, O.P. (1648.07.13 – 1652.03.05), Titular Archbishop of Edessa (1644.11.14 – 1648.07.13), succeeding as former Coadjutor Vicar Apostolic of Smyrna (1644.11.14 – 1648.07.13), later Apostolic Vicar of Constantinopole (Turkey) (1652.03.05 – 1656.10.15)
  • Leone Macripodari (1659.04.05 – 1689)
  • Antonio Giustiniani (1690.01.13 – 1694.02.08), later Bishop of Syros (Greece) (1694.02.08 – 1701.01.24), Apostolic Administrator of Diocese of Andros (insular Greece) (1698.05.02 – ?), Metropolitan Archbishop of Naxos (insular Greece) (1701.01.24 – death 1730.03)
  • Apostolic Administrator Daniel Duranti, O.F.M. (1696.06.07 – 1706?; see below), while Metropolitan Archbishop of Skopje (Macedonia) (1690.12.11 – 1702.07.29)[1][2]
  • Fr. Nicolaus de Camillis (1706.05.12 – 1710.05.07), later Bishop of Syros (Greece) (1710.05.07 – 1710 not possessed)
  • Apostolic Administrator Daniel Duranti, O.F.M. (see above 1708.06.23 – 1713.08.17), retired Metropolitan Archbishop of Skopje (Macedonia)
  • Davide di San Carlo, Discalced Carmelites (O.C.D.) (1713.11.23 – death 1715.04.18)
  • Filippo Bavestrelli (1715.08.09 – 1720.09.30), later Bishop of Chios (insular Greece) (1720.09.30 – death 1754.04.06)
  • Pietro Battista di Garbagnate, Reformed Franciscans (O.F.M. Ref.) (1718.04.09 – 1720.06.15), emeritate as Titular Archbishop of Cartagine (1720.06.15 – death 1730.04.11)
  • Pietro Francesco Lombardi, O.F.M. Ref. (1720.08.30 – 1721.07.05), emeritate as Titular Bishop of Talia (1721.07.05 – death 1722)
  • Bishop-elect Antonio Maturi, O.F.M. (1722.04.15 – 1731.05.21), later Bishop of Syros (Greece) (1731.05.21 – 1733.04.13), Metropolitan Archbishop of Naxos (Greece) (1733.04.13 – 1749.07.21), Archbishop-Bishop of above Syros (1749.07.21 – death 1750.10)
  • Dario de Longhis, O.F.M. (1730.09.02 – 1735.05.25), later Bishop of Syros (Greece) (1735.05.25 – retired 1748.07.27)
  • Gerolamo di Peraino, O.F.M. Ref. (1735.02.05 – 1747)
  • Joannes Baptista Bavestrelli (1747.05.12 – 1754.09.16), later Bishop of Chios (insular Greece) (1754.09.16 – 1772.08.31), emeritate as Titular Archbishop of Heraclea (1772.08.31 – death 1777.04.20)
  • Eusebio Franzosini, O.P. (1754.12.20 – 1763)
  • Domenico di Valdagno, O.F.M. Ref. (1763.08.26 – 1779)
  • Pietro Graveri di Moretta, O.F.M. Obs. (1779.12.23 – 1781.08.17)
  • Giulio Maria Pecori d’Ameno, O.F.M. (1781.08.18 – 1788.09.23), later Titular Bishop of Aradus (1788.09.23 – death 1796.02.28) & Apostolic Vicar of Constantinopole (Turkey) (1788.09.23 – 1796.02.28)
  • Pasquale Orlandini da Bergamo, O.F.M. Ref. (1790.04.16 – 1817.06.26)
  • Bishop-elect Luigi Maria Cardelli, O.F.M. Ref. (1817.06.26 – 1818.03.18 see below), succeeding as former Coadjutor Vicar Apostolic of Smyrna (? – 1817.06.26)
'Metropolitan' Archbishops of Izmir (Smyrna)

See also[edit]

Sources and external links[edit]

Coordinates: 38°25′43″N 27°08′23″E / 38.4285°N 27.1396°E / 38.4285; 27.1396

References[edit]

  1. ^ Franciscan Studies. Franciscan Institute, St. Bonaventure University. 1987. p. 308. 
  2. ^ Troisième et dernière Encyclopédie théologique. J.P. Migne. 1863. p. 453.