Archduchess Margaret of Austria (1567–1633)
Portrait of Margaret as a Poor Clare nun
|Born||25 January 1567|
|Died||5 July 1633 (aged 66)|
|House||House of Habsburg|
|Father||Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor|
|Mother||Infanta María of Spain|
Archduchess Margaret of Austria (25 January 1567 – 5 July 1633), was a German princess member of the House of Habsburg.
Born in Wiener Neustadt, Margaret was the fifteenth child and fifth daughter of her parents' sixteen children, from whom eight survived infancy. Since her early childhood, she was deeply influenced by her mother's strict Catholicism.
In 1582 Empress Maria returned to her homeland Spain permanently, taking her youngest surviving child Margaret with her, promised to marry Philip II of Spain, who had lost his fourth wife, her sister, Anna of Austria, in 1580.
Life as a nun
Margaret refused marriage to Philip II and took the veil under the name of Sister Margaret of the Cross as a Poor Clare nun in the Monastery of Santa Clara de las Descalzas Reales in Madrid. Her mother was also resident in the convent untl her death in 1603. Margaret was the dedicatee of the first published edition of the requiem which was composed for her mother´s funeral by the composer and priest Tomás Luis de Victoria.
Margaret died aged sixty-six and was buried in her convent.
The ancestry back to Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor, spanned 5 generations.
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