Archduchess Margaret of Austria (1567–1633)

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Archduchess Margaret
1567 Margarethe.jpg
Portrait of Margaret as a Poor Clare nun
Born25 January 1567
Died5 July 1633(1633-07-05) (aged 66)
HouseHouse of Habsburg
FatherMaximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor
MotherInfanta María of Spain
ReligionRoman Catholicism

Archduchess Margaret of Austria (25 January 1567 – 5 July 1633), was a German princess member of the House of Habsburg.

She was the daughter of Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor by his wife Maria of Spain.


Born in Wiener Neustadt, Margaret was the fifteenth child and fifth daughter of her parents' sixteen children, from whom eight survived infancy.[1][2] Since her early childhood, she was deeply influenced by her mother's strict Catholicism.

In 1582 Empress Maria returned to her homeland Spain permanently, taking her youngest surviving child Margaret with her, promised to marry Philip II of Spain, who had lost his fourth wife, her sister, Anna of Austria, in 1580.

Life as a nun[edit]

Margaret refused marriage to Philip II and took the veil under the name of Sister Margaret of the Cross as a Poor Clare nun in the Monastery of Santa Clara de las Descalzas Reales in Madrid. Her mother was also resident in the convent untl her death in 1603. Margaret was the dedicatee of the first published edition of the requiem which was composed for her mother´s funeral by the composer and priest Tomás Luis de Victoria.

Margaret died aged sixty-six and was buried in her convent.[3]


The ancestry back to Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor, spanned 5 generations.


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  2. ^ Genealogy Database by Daniel de Rauglaudre
  3. ^ Cárdenas, Fabricio (2014). 66 petites histoires du Pays Catalan [66 Little Stories of Catalan Country] (in French). Perpignan: Ultima Necat. ISBN 978-2-36771-006-8. OCLC 893847466.
  4. ^ a b Press, Volker (1990), "Maximilian II.", Neue Deutsche Biographie (NDB) (in German), 16, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 471–475; (full text online)
  5. ^ a b Wurzbach, Constantin, von, ed. (1861). "Habsburg, Maria von Spanien" (in German). Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich [Biographical Encyclopedia of the Austrian Empire]. 7. Wikisource. p. 19. 
  6. ^ Wurzbach, Constantin, von, ed. (1861). "Habsburg, Philipp I. der Schöne von Oesterreich" (in German). Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich [Biographical Encyclopedia of the Austrian Empire]. 7. Wikisource. p. 112. 
  7. ^ a b c Wikisource Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Joanna". Encyclopædia Britannica. 15 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
  8. ^ a b c d Priebatsch, Felix (1908), "Wladislaw II.", Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB) (in German), 54, Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 688–696
  9. ^ a b Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor at Encyclopædia Britannica
  10. ^ a b c d Stephens, Henry Morse (1903). The story of Portugal. G.P. Putnam's Sons. pp. 125, 139, 279. Retrieved 11 July 2018.
  11. ^ Wikisource Holland, Arthur William (1911). "Maximilian I. (emperor)". In Chisholm, Hugh. Encyclopædia Britannica. 17 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
  12. ^ Wikisource Poupardin, René (1911). "Charles, called The Bold, duke of Burgundy". In Chisholm, Hugh. Encyclopædia Britannica. 5 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
  13. ^ Boureau, Alain (1995). The Lord's First Night: The Myth of the Droit de Cuissage. Translated by Cochrane, Lydia G. The University of Chicago Press. p. 96.
  14. ^ Noubel, P., ed. (1877). Revue de l'Agenais [Review of the Agenais]. 4. Société académique d'Agen. p. 497.
  15. ^ a b Harris, Carolyn (2017). Raising Royalty: 1000 Years of Royal Parenting. Dundurn Press. p. 78.
  • Richard Reifenscheid: Die Habsburger in Lebensbildern, Piper Verlag (2007).