Archduchess Margaret of Austria (1567–1633)

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Archduchess Margaret
1567 Margarethe.jpg
Portrait of Margaret as a Poor Clare nun
Born 25 January 1567
Died 5 July 1633(1633-07-05) (aged 66)
House House of Habsburg
Father Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor
Mother Infanta María of Spain
Religion Roman Catholicism

Archduchess Margaret of Austria (25 January 1567 – 5 July 1633), was a German princess member of the House of Habsburg.

She was the daughter of Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor by his wife Maria of Spain.


Born in Wiener Neustadt, Margaret was the fifteenth child and fifth daughter of her parents' sixteen children, from whom eight survived infancy.[1][2] Since her early childhood, she was deeply influenced by her mother's strict Catholicism.

In 1582 Empress Maria returned to her homeland Spain permanently, taking her youngest surviving child Margaret with her, promised to marry Philip II of Spain, who had lost his fourth wife, her sister, Anna of Austria, in 1580. Margaret finally refused and took the veil under the name of Sister Margaret of the Cross as a Poor Clare nun in the Monastery of Santa Clara de las Descalzas Reales in Madrid, where she died aged sixty-six. Margaret was buried in her convent.[3]


The ancestry back to Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor, spanned 5 generations.[1]


  1. ^ a b Marek, Miroslav. "Complete Genealogy of the House of Habsburg". Genealogy.EU. [self-published source][better source needed]
  2. ^ Genealogy Database by Daniel de Rauglaudre
  3. ^ Cárdenas, Fabricio (2014). 66 petites histoires du Pays Catalan [66 Little Stories of Catalan Country] (in French). Perpignan: Ultima Necat. ISBN 978-2-36771-006-8. OCLC 893847466. 
  4. ^ a b Press, Volker (1990), "Maximilian II.", Neue Deutsche Biographie (NDB) (in German), 16, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 471–475 ; (full text online)
  5. ^ a b Wurzbach, Constantin, von, ed. (1861). "Habsburg, Maria von Spanien" (in German). Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich [Biographical Encyclopedia of the Austrian Empire]. 7. Wikisource. p. 19. 
  6. ^ Wurzbach, Constantin, von, ed. (1861). "Habsburg, Philipp I. der Schöne von Oesterreich" (in German). Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich [Biographical Encyclopedia of the Austrian Empire]. 7. Wikisource. p. 112. 
  7. ^ a b c Wikisource Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Joanna". Encyclopædia Britannica. 15 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
  8. ^ Cazacu, Matei (2017). Reinert, Stephen W., ed. Dracula. Brill. p. 204. 
  9. ^ a b Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor at Encyclopædia Britannica
  10. ^ a b c d Stephens, Henry Morse (1903). The story of Portugal. G.P. Putnam's Sons. pp. 125, 139, 279. Retrieved 11 July 2018. 
  11. ^ Wikisource Holland, Arthur William (1911). "Maximilian I. (emperor)". In Chisholm, Hugh. Encyclopædia Britannica. 17 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
  12. ^ Wikisource Poupardin, René (1911). "Charles, called The Bold, duke of Burgundy". In Chisholm, Hugh. Encyclopædia Britannica. 5 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
  13. ^ a b Vladislas II, King of Bohemia and Hungary at Encyclopædia Britannica
  14. ^ Boureau, Alain (1995). The Lord's First Night: The Myth of the Droit de Cuissage. Translated by Cochrane, Lydia G. The University of Chicago Press. p. 96. 
  15. ^ Noubel, P., ed. (1877). Revue de l'Agenais [Review of the Agenais]. 4. Société académique d'Agen. p. 497. 
  16. ^ a b Harris, Carolyn (2017). Raising Royalty: 1000 Years of Royal Parenting. Dundurn Press. p. 78. 
  • Richard Reifenscheid: Die Habsburger in Lebensbildern, Piper Verlag (2007).