Archduke Rudolf of Austria (1919–2010)

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Archduke Rudolf
Archduke and Prince Rudolf of Austria
Prince Rudolf of Hungary, Croatia and Bohemia
Born (1919-09-05)5 September 1919
Prangins, Switzerland
Died 15 May 2010(2010-05-15) (aged 90)
Brussels, Belgium
Spouse Countess Xenia Czernichev-Besobrasov (1953–1968; her death)
Princess Anna Gabriele of Wrede (1971–2010; his death)
Issue Archduchess Maria Anna
Archduke Karl Peter
Archduke Simeon
Archduke Johannes Karl
Archduchess Catharina-Maria
Full name
Rudolf Syringus Peter Karl Franz Joseph Robert Otto Antonius Maria Pius Benedikt Ignatius Laurentius Justiniani Marcus d'Aviano
House House of Habsburg-Lorraine
Father Charles I of Austria
Mother Zita of Bourbon-Parma

Archduke Rudolf of Austria (5 September 1919 – 15 May 2010[1]) was the sixth child and youngest son of Emperor Charles I of Austria and Zita of Bourbon-Parma.

Early life[edit]

He was born in Prangins, Switzerland, where the Austrian Imperial family were staying after they had been sent into exile. He was named after Count Rudolph IV of Habsburg.[2]

Educated with his siblings first in Spain then in Belgium, in 1944 he and his brother Archduke Carl Ludwig of Austria secretly entered Austria to join the Austrian resistance, but Rudolf was expelled in 1946 once his membership in the formerly imperial House of Habsburg was exposed.[3] After the war he travelled to the United States, Canada and the Belgian Congo.[3]

Rudolf worked as a Wall Street junior executive[4] and a bank director.[3][5]

Marriage and issue[edit]

Archduke Rudolf was married by Archbishop Fulton Sheen to Countess Xenia Czernichev-Besobrasov the daughter of Count Sergei Aleksandrovich Chernyshev-Besobrasov and Countess Elizabeta Cheremeteva, on 22 June 1953 at Tuxedo Park, New York.[5] They had four children. Xenia was killed in a car crash on 20 September 1968, in which Rudolf was also seriously injured.[6]

  • Archduchess Maria Anna Charlotte Zita Elisabeth Regina Therese (b. 1954) married Prince Peter Galitzine (b. 1955);[5] six children
    • Princess Xenia Galitzine (b. 1983), married Alberto Matta y Maya (b. 1983) on 23 September 2007:
      • Lidia Matta y Galitzine (b. 2011)
      • Damian Matta y Galitzine (b. 2013)
      • Felix Matta y Galitzine (b. 2016)
    • Princess Tatiana Galitzine (b. 1984), engaged to Guillermo Sierra.
    • Princess Alexandra Galitzine (b. 1986)
    • Princess Maria Galitzine (b. 1988)
    • Prince Dimitri Galitzine (b. 1990), engaged to Alexandra Pollitt.
    • Prince Ioann Galitzine (b. 1992)
  • Archduke Karl Peter Otto Serge Joseph Paul Leopold Heinrich (b. 1955) married Princess Alexandra von Wrede (b. 1970); two children
    • Archduchess Antonia (b. 2000)
    • Archduke Lorenz (b. 2003)
  • Archduke Simeon Carl Eugen Joseph Leopold (b. 1958) married Princess María of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (b. 1967); five children
    • Archduke Johannes (b. 1997)
    • Archduke Ludwig (b. 1998)
    • Archduchess Isabelle (b. 2000)
    • Archduchess Carlota (b. 2003)
    • Archduke Philipp (b. 2007)
  • Archduke Johannes Karl Ludwig Clemens Maria Joseph Markus d'Aviano Leopold (1962–1975)

Rudolf was married secondly to Princess Anna Gabriele von Wrede (b. 1940) on 15 October 1971 in Ellingen, Bavaria.[3] They have one daughter.[3]

  • Archduchess Catharina-Maria Johanna Zita Sophie Caspara (b. 1972) married Count Massimiliano Secco di Aragona (b. 1967);[3] three sons:
    • Count Costantino Secco di Aragona (b. 2000)
    • Count Niccolò Secco di Aragona (b. 2002)
    • Count Rodolfo Secco di Aragona (b. 2010)

Rudolph was survived by two older brothers; Otto and Felix.



  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ Brook-Shepherd, Gordon (2003). Uncrowned Emperor. Hambledon Continuum. p. 54. ISBN 1-85285-439-1. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g de Badts de Cugnac, Chantal. Coutant de Saisseval, Guy. Le Petit Gotha’’. Nouvelle Imprimerie Laballery, Paris 2002, p. 172-174, 196-198 (French) ISBN 2-9507974-3-1
  4. ^ "Milestones". Time Magazine. 1953-07-06. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-03-01. 
  5. ^ a b c d Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels, Fürstliche Häuser XV. "Haus Österreich". C.A. Starke Verlag, 2001, pp. 87, 97. (German) ISBN 3-7980-0814-0.
  6. ^ "Archduchess Xenia of Habsburg killed". New York Times. 1968-09-27.