Archduke Sigismund, Grand Duke of Tuscany
|Grand Duke of Tuscany|
|Head of the House of Habsburg-Tuscany|
|Period||1993 – Present|
|Predecessor||Archduke Leopold Franz|
|Heir||Archduke Leopold Amadeo|
|Born||21 April 1966|
(m. 1999; div. 2013)
|Issue||Archduke Leopold Amadeo|
|Father||Archduke Leopold Franz, Grand Duke of Tuscany|
|Mother||Princess Laetitia d'Arenberg|
|Grand Ducal Family|
HI&RH The Grand Duke
Archduke Sigismund of Austria, Grand Duke of Tuscany (Sigismund Otto Maria Josef Gottfried Henrich Erik Leopold Ferdinand Von Habsburg-Lothringen; born 21 April 1966) is the current head of the Tuscan branch of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine and current claimant to the title Grand Duke of Tuscany[not verified in body].
Sigismund was born in Lausanne the son of Archduke Leopold Franz and his first wife Princess Laetitia d'Arenberg, born Laetitia de Belzunce (and adopted by her stepfather Erik, 11th Duke of Arenberg). Sigismund was educated in computer science and has worked as a banker.
In 1993 Sigismund's father Leopold Franz renounced his rights as Head of the Grand Ducal Family of Tuscany in favour of Sigismund because his second marriage (after a divorce) conflicted with the laws of the Roman Catholic Order of Saint Stephen, of which he was then head. Since then, Sigismund has been the head of the grand ducal house of Tuscany.
Sigismund is Grand Master of the Order of Saint Joseph and the Order of Saint Stephen, the two orders of knighthood of the Grand Ducal House of Tuscany. He has also a served as a patron for the Almanach de Gotha.
According to several historians, with the Third Italian War of Independence (1866), the Austrian Empire had to recognize the Kingdom of Italy, disregarding in spite of itself Ferdinand IV as legitimate Grand Duke of Tuscany. This deprived Ferdinando of any possibility of returning to the possession of the Grand Duchy. He retired to private life and stopped doing politics. On December, 20 1866 Ferdinando IV and his sons returned to the Imperial House. While Ferdinand was allowed to keep his fons honorum life natural during, his heirs could only bear the title of Archduke of Austria, no longer with the specification of "prince or princess of Tuscany". The last ruler of Tuscany then abdicated the dynastic rights of the Grand Duchy in 1870 in favor of Franz Joseph I of Austria and therefore his descendants also lost all dynastic rights on the Tuscan throne. Once he died in exile in 1908 Ferdinando, Francesco Giuseppe forbade his heirs to take the titles of grand duke or prince or princess of Tuscany. The Grand Magisterium of the Order of Saint Stephen ceased, for the reasons already exposed, with the death of Ferdinand IV.
In 1999, Sigismund married Elyssa Edmonstone (born Glasgow, 11 September 1973), the only daughter of Sir Archibald Bruce Edmonstone, of Duntreath, 7th Baronet by his second wife Juliet Elizabeth Deakin. Archduchess Elyssa is a great-great-granddaughter of Marshall Field and a third cousin of Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall. The Edmonstone family is an old Scottish family that was raised to a baronetcy in 1774; their best-known member was the royal mistress Alice Keppel. They are divorced since 25 June 2013, with annulment in 2016.
The couple have three children:
- Archduke Leopold Amadeo, Grand Prince of Tuscany (born 9 May 2001 in Glasgow), heir apparent to the headship of the House of Tuscany
- Archduchess Tatyana of Austria, Princess of Tuscany (born 3 March 2003 in Livingston)
- Archduke Maximilian of Austria, Prince of Tuscany (born 27 May 2004 in Livingston)
Sigismund lives with his family in Lausanne, Switzerland. In 2017, the renunciation of French citizenship (obtained by his ancestors and held by their descendants since loss of the Tuscan throne) was legally recorded for him and his children.
|Ancestors of Archduke Sigismund, Grand Duke of Tuscany|
- Arenberg Genealogy Archived 15 July 2007 at the Wayback Machine
- Enders, Gaetana (31 July 1999). "Remembering Tuscany: H.I.R.H. Sigismund of Austria and Elissa Edmonstone". Hello Magazine.
- Almanach de Gotha, Comité de Patronage
- Bernd Braun: Das Ende der Regionalmonarchien in Italien. Abdankungen im Zuge des Risorgimento. In: Susan Richter, Dirk Dirbach (Hrsg.): Thronverzicht. Die Abdankung in Monarchien vom Mittelalter bis in die Neuzeit. Böhlau Verlag, Köln, Weimar, Wien 2010, pagg. 251–266 (in German)
- Benedikt, Heinrich, Kaiseradler über dem Apennin. Die Österreicher in Italien 1700 bis 1866. Vienna: Herold Verlag, 1964 (in German)
- Karl Vocelka, Lynne Heller: Die private Welt der Habsburger: Leben und Alltag einer Familie, Styria, 1998, pag. 253, colonna I
- Das Haus Habsburg: Vorspann ; Register ; Quellen ; Das Haus Alt-Habsburg ; Das Haus Habsburg-Lothringen, Alois Jahn, Selbstverl, 2002, pag. 59, 65 (in German)
- Annuario della Nobiltà Italiana, XXXII edizione, 2014, parte I (in Italian)
- SILVA TAROUCA, Adler, Vienna, 1954, p. 165 (in German)
- "PREROGATIVE DINASTICHE DELLA CASA GRANDUCALE DI LORENA DOPO LA PERDITA DEL GRANDUCATO DI TOSCANA". Ordine Civico Mediceo. Retrieved 23 February 2019.(in Italian)
- Rivista Araldica, anno 1913, volume 11, pagina 381, Roma, Collegio Araldico: "Da informazione ufficiale assunta a Vienna togliamo quanto segue «A Sua Altezza I. R. il defunto Granduca Ferdinando IV di Toscana era stato permesso dall'Impero austro-ungarico e dagli Stati dell'Impero germanico, di conferire i tre Ordini toscani, inerenti alla Sovranità, che anche spodestato, rimase all'Augusto principe fino alla sua morte. Il titolo di Principe di Toscana fu solo autorizzato ai membri della famiglia granducale nati prima del 1866. Dopo la morte del Granduca (1908) tutti gli augusti figli del defunto dovettero solennemente rinunciare ad ogni qualsiasi diritto di cui personalmente ed eccezionalmente godeva il padre. Quindi il Gran Magistero dell'Ordine di S. Stefano per volontà di S. M. l'Imperatore e Re è terminato col defunto Granduca, né più sarebbe accettato dagli augusti Principi Lorenesi.»"(in Italian)
- "Archduke Sigismund of Austria and Miss E.J. Edmonstone". The Times. UK. 13 September 1999. p. 20.
- Genealogy of the Grand Ducal House of Tuscany
- Journal officiel de la République française - N° 275. 25 novembre 2017.
Archduke Sigismund, Grand Duke of Tuscany
Cadet branch of the House of LorraineBorn: 21 April 1966
|Titles in pretence|
Archduke Leopold Franz of Austria
|— TITULAR —
Grand Duke of Tuscany
Reason for succession failure:
Tuscany incorporated into the United Provinces of Central Italy
Grand Prince of Tuscany
| Line of succession to the defunct Austro-Hungarian throne|