Archbishopric of Belgrade and Karlovci

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Archbishopric of Belgrade and Karlovci
Архиепископија београдско-карловачка
Temple Saint Sava.jpg
Cathedral of Saint Sava, Belgrade, the largest Orthodox church in the Balkans
Location
Territory Belgrade
Headquarters Belgrade, Serbia
Information
Denomination Eastern Orthodox
Sui iuris church Serbian Orthodox Church
Established 1931
Language Church Slavonic
Serbian
Current leadership
Bishop Serbian Patriarch Irinej
Map
Map of Eparchies of Serbian Orthodox Church (including Orthodox Ohrid Archbishopric)-en.svg

Archbishopric of Belgrade and Karlovci (Serbian Cyrillic: Архиепископија београдско-карловачка) is the central or patriarchal eparchy of the Serbian Orthodox Church, with seat in Belgrade, Serbia.[1] The head of the eparchy is the Serbian Patriarch.[citation needed]

History[edit]

History of the eparchy, since 1920[edit]

In 1920, after the unification of all Serbian ecclesiastical provinces into one united Serbian Orthodox Church, old Eparchy of Syrmia with its seat in Sremski Karlovci came under direct administration of Archbishop of Belgrade who was also the Serbian Patriarch. Formal unification of two eparchies was completed in 1931 when Archbishopric of Belgrade was joined with the Eparchy of Syrmia into the Archbishopric of Belgrade and Karlovci.[citation needed] In that time, the city of Pančevo was transferred from Eparchy of Vršac to the Archeparchy of Belgrade and Karlovci. In 1947, Eparchy of Syrmia and Eparchy of Šumadija were excluded from the Archbishopric of Belgrade and Karlovci and were transformed into separate organizational units. The city of Pančevo was returned to the Eparchy of Banat. Although, the name of the Archbishopric of Belgrade and Karlovci includes the name of the town of Karlovci (Sremski Karlovci), this town is today part of the Eparchy of Syrmia and not of the Archbishopric of Belgrade and Karlovci.

Historical background, before 1920[edit]

Eparchy of Belgrade is one of the oldest ecclesiastical institutions in this part of Europe. Ancient Bishopric of Singidunum was an important ecclesiastical center of the late Roman Empire during 4th and 5th century. Its bishops Ursacius and Secundianus were actively involved in religious controversies over Arianism.[2] That ancient bishopric finally collapsed after 584 when ancient Singidunum was finally destroyed by Avars.

After the Christianization of Slavs, eparchy was renewed as late as 9th century. First medieval Bishop of Belgrade who is known by name was Sergije in 878.[3] Since 1018 it belonged to the Eastern Orthodox Archbishopric of Ohrid.[4] At the end of the 13th century, Belgrade became the capital city of Serbian king Stefan Dragutin and Eparchy of Belgrad came under jurisdiction of Serbian Orthodox Church. At the beginning of the 15th century, during the rule of Serbian despot Stefan Lazarević,[5] metropolitans of Belgrade were among most influential hierarchs of the Serbian Patriarchate of Peć. Belgrade fell under Turkish rule in 1521, but Serbian Patriarchate was renewed in 1557 with its seat in Peć. During 16th and 17th centuries, Serbian bishops of Belgrade were styled as "Metropolitans of Belgrade and Srem".

At the end of the 17th century, regions of Belgrade and Srem were separated. In 1708, when autonomous Serbian Metropolitanate in Habsburg Monarchy was created, Eparchy of Srem became archdiocese of the Metropolitan, whose seat was in Sremski Karlovci. Eparchy of Srem remained part of Metropolitanate of Karlovci until 1920. On the other hand, after the abolition of Serbian Patriarchate of Peć in 1766, Eparchy of Belgrade came inder direct jurisdiction of the Patriarchate of Constantinople.

In 1831, Orthodox Church in Principality of Serbia gained its autonomy from the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople, and Belgrade became the seat of the Archbishop who was now Metropolitan of Serbia. In that time, territory of the archeparchy was very large and included regions of present-day eparchies of Šumadija and Braničevo.

In 1920, Metropolitanate of Serbia merged with other Serbian ecclesiastical provinces to form united Serbian Orthodox Church. In the same year, region of Braničevo was separated from the archeparchy and old Eparchy of Braničevo was restored. In 1947, region of Šumadija was also separated from the archeparchy and new Eparchy of Šumadija was created. Since then, the archbishopric was reduced to the inner limits of the City of Belgrade.

Monasteries[edit]

There are 12 monasteries within the Archbishopric.[citation needed]

Heads[edit]

During the long history of the ecclesiastical seat of Belgrade, many bishops, metropolitans, archbishops and finally patriarchs were seated on the throne of this eparchy.

Bishops and metropolitans of Belgrade, until 1766[edit]

Name Tenure Notes
Sergije [3] (around 878) Bishop of Belgrade
Jovan [6] (around 1317) Bishop of Mačva and Belgrade
Isidor [7] (around 1415-1423) during the reign of Serbian despot Stefan Lazarević
Grigorije [8] (around 1438-1440) during the reign of Serbian despot Đurađ Branković
Joanikije [9] (around 1479) received royal charter from king Matthias Corvinus of Hungary
Filotej [10] (since 1481) during the time of titular Serbian despot Vuk Grgurević
Teofan [11] (around 1509) he established ties with Russia
Saint Maksim Branković [12] (died 1516) Metropolitan of Belgrade and Srem
Roman [13] (around 1532) under Archbishopric of Ohrid
Longin [14] (around 1545-1548) under Archbishopric of Ohrid
Makarije [15] (around 1589) Metropolitan of Belgrade and Srem
Joakim [16] (around 1607-1611) Metropolitan of Belgrade and Srem
Avesalom [17] (around 1631-1632) Metropolitan of Belgrade and Srem
Ilarion [18] (around 1644-1662) Metropolitan of Belgrade and Srem
Jefrem [19] (around 1662-1672) Metropolitan of Belgrade and Srem
Elevterije [20] (around 1673-1678) Metropolitan of Belgrade and Srem
Pajsije [21] (around 1680-1681) Metropolitan of Belgrade and Srem
Simeon Ljubibratić [22] (1682—1690) migrated to Hungary in 1690, with Serbian patriarch Arsenije III Crnojević
Mihailo [23] (око 1699—1705) instaled by new Serbian patriarch Kalinik I
Mojsije Petrović [24] (1713—1730) since 1718. under Habsburg rule, and since 1726. also Metropolitan of Karlovci
Vikentije Jovanović [25] (1731—1737) Metropolitan of Belgrade and Karlovci
Sofronije [26] (around 1740—1745) erhnic Greek, Metropolitan of Belgrade
Vikentije Stefanović [27] (around 1753) ethnic Serb, Metropolitan of Belgrade, later became Serbian Patriarch
Kalinik [28] (around 1759—1761) ethnic Greek, Metropolitan of Belgrade

Under direct jurisdiction of Constantinople (1766–1831)[edit]

No. Primate Portrait Personal name Reigned from Reigned until Title Notes
1 Jeremija
Јеремија
Jeremiah
No image.png 1766 1784 Metropolitan of Belgrade Ethnic Greek
2 Dionisije I
Дионисије I
Dionysius I
No image.png 1785 1791 Metropolitan of Belgrade Ethnic Greek
3 Metodije
Методије
Methodius
No image.png 1791 1801 Metropolitan of Belgrade Ethnic Greek
4 Leontije
Леонтије
Leontius
No image.png Leontije Lambrović
Леонтије Ламбровић
1801 1813 Metropolitan of Belgrade Ethnic Greek
5 Dionisije II
Дионисије II
Dionysius II
No image.png Dimitrije
Димитрије
1813 1815 Metropolitan of Belgrade Ethnic Greek
6 Agatangel
Агатангел
Agathangelos
Patriarxis agathaggelos.jpg 1815 1825 Metropolitan of Belgrade Ethnic Greek
7 Kiril
Кирил
Cyril
No image.png 1825 1827 Metropolitan of Belgrade Ethnic Greek
8 Antim
Антим
Anthimos
No image.png 1827 1831 Metropolitan of Belgrade Ethnic Greek

Autonomous (1831-1879) and Autocephalous (1879-1920)[edit]

No. Primate Portrait Personal name Reigned from Reigned until Title Notes
1 Melentije
Мелентије
Melenthius
No image.png Melentije Pavlović
Мелентије Павловић
1831 1833 Archbishop of Belgrade and Metropolitan of Serbia Ethnic Serb
2 Petar
Петар
Peter
No image.png Pavle Jovanović
Павле Јовановић
1833 1859 Archbishop of Belgrade and Metropolitan of Serbia
3 Mihailo
Михаило
Michael
ArzobispoMiguelDeSerbia--belgradewhitecit00amesrich.jpg Miloje Jovanović
Милоје Јовановић
1859 1881 Archbishop of Belgrade and Metropolitan of Serbia First tenure
4 Teodosije
Теодосије
Theodosius
ArzobispoTeododosioDeSerbia--belgradewhitecit00amesrich.jpg Teodor Mraović
Теодор Мраовић
1883 1889 Archbishop of Belgrade and Metropolitan of Serbia
-- Mihailo
Михаило
Michael
ArzobispoMiguelDeSerbia--belgradewhitecit00amesrich.jpg Miloje Jovanović
Милоје Јовановић
1889 1898 Archbishop of Belgrade and Metropolitan of Serbia Second tenure
5 Inokentije
Инокентије
Innocentius
ArzobispoInocencioDeSerbia--belgradewhitecit00amesrich.jpg Jakov Pavlović
Јаков Павловић
1898 1905 Archbishop of Belgrade and Metropolitan of Serbia
6 Dimitrije
Димитрије
Dimitrius
Димитрије (Павловић).jpg Dimitrije Pavlović
Димитрије Павловић
1905 1920 Archbishop of Belgrade and Metropolitan of Serbia Archbishop of Peć, Metropolitan of Belgrade and Karlovci, and Serbian Patriarch (1920–1930)

Metropolitans of Belgrade and Karlovci (1920–present)[edit]

Serbian Patriarchs, Heads of the Holy Patriarchal See of Belgrade (1920–present)
Regnal title: Archbishop of Peć, Metropolitan of Belgrade and Karlovci, and Serbian Patriarch[B]
No. Primate Portrait Personal name Reigned from Reigned until Place of birth Notes
1 Dimitrije [I]
Димитрије (I)
Dimitrius (I)
Димитрије (Павловић).jpg Dimitrije Pavlović
Димитрије Павловић
12 September 1920 6 April 1930 Požarevac, Principality of Serbia First Patriarch of the reunified Serbian church
2 Varnava [I]
Варнава (I)
Barnabas (I)
Патриарх Варнава.jpg Petar Rosić
Петар Росић
12 May 1930 23 July 1937 Pljevlja, Ottoman Empire Some believe he may have been poisoned
3 Gavrilo [V]
Гaврилo (V)
Gabriel (V)
Патријарх Гаврило (Дожић).jpg Gavrilo Dožić
Гaврилo Дoжић
21 February 1938 7 May 1950 Vrujci, Principality of Montenegro Known unofficially as Gavrilo V Dožić-Medenica
4 Vikentije [II]
Викентије (II)
Vicentius (II)
No image.png Vitomir Prodanov
Витомир Проданов
1 July 1950 5 July 1958 Bačko Petrovo Selo, Austria-Hungary Not known as Vikentije II but entered just as Vikentije. Some believe he may have been second poisoned Patriarch
5 German [II]
Герман (II)
Herman (II)
Patrijarh Srpski German by Stevan Kragujevic.JPG Hranislav Đorić
Хранислав Ђорић
14 September 1958 30 November 1990 Jošanička Banja, Kingdom of Serbia Longest reigning Patriarch and only retired Patriarch during his life
6 Pavle [II]
Павле (II)
Paul (II)
Patrijarh Pavle.jpg Gojko Stojčević
Гојко Стојчевић
1 December 1990 15 November 2009 Kućanci, Austria-Hungary Not known as Pavle II but entered just as Pavle
7 Irinej [I]
Иринеј (I)
Irenaeus (I)
Патриарх Сербский Ириней.jpg Miroslav Gavrilović
Мирослав Гавриловић
23 January 2010 Present Vidova, Kingdom of Yugoslavia

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ History of the Archbishopric (in Serbian) Archived February 18, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ Калић 1967, pp. 18-20.
  3. ^ a b Калић 1967, pp. 27, 30.
  4. ^ Bulić 2013, p. 221-222.
  5. ^ Engel 2001, pp. 232-233.
  6. ^ Вуковић 1996, p. 239.
  7. ^ Вуковић 1996, p. 208-209.
  8. ^ Вуковић 1996, p. 139.
  9. ^ Вуковић 1996, p. 232.
  10. ^ Вуковић 1996, p. 497.
  11. ^ Вуковић 1996, p. 490.
  12. ^ Вуковић 1996, p. 299-300.
  13. ^ Вуковић 1996, p. 417.
  14. ^ Вуковић 1996, p. 286.
  15. ^ Вуковић 1996, p. 297.
  16. ^ Вуковић 1996, p. 228.
  17. ^ Вуковић 1996, p. 7.
  18. ^ Вуковић 1996, p. 194.
  19. ^ Вуковић 1996, p. 222.
  20. ^ Вуковић 1996, p. 184.
  21. ^ Вуковић 1996, p. 391.
  22. ^ Вуковић 1996, p. 451.
  23. ^ Вуковић 1996, p. 327.
  24. ^ Вуковић 1996, p. 333-337.
  25. ^ Вуковић 1996, p. 70-73.
  26. ^ Вуковић 1996, p. 462.
  27. ^ Вуковић 1996, p. 73.
  28. ^ Вуковић 1996, p. 273.

Literature[edit]