Archer Heights, Chicago
|Community Area 57 - Archer Heights|
Curie Metropolitan High School at Archer Avenue and Pulaski Road.
Location within the city of Chicago
|• Total||2.01 sq mi (5.21 km2)|
|• Density||6,600/sq mi (2,500/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (CST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
parts of 60632
|Source: U.S. Census, Record Information Services|
Archer Avenue runs from south of Chicago's downtown area, through the southwest side of Chicago and beyond into the southwest suburbs, along what was once a Native American trail. The neighborhood is bounded by the Stevenson Expressway to the north, the CTA Orange Line to the south, the Corwith railyard to the east, and the railroad tracks/Knox Avenue to the west.
- 1 History
- 2 Services
- 3 Local Parks
- 4 Notable residents
- 5 Events
- 6 Government
- 7 Newspapers
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Archer Heights was originally inhabited by Native American tribes, but they had little use for its swampy prairies. Starting in the nineteenth-century, land speculators and farmers sparked interest in the swampy lands. The land became a primary focus for real-estate developers and manufacturers. It gained exceptional interest from William B. Archer, an Illinois & Michigan Canal commissioner and land speculator from whom Archer Heights gained its name.
After speculators came in in 1900 and developed the southern sections of Archer Heights for residential use, railroads sustained control of the north side real estate. Due to horse cars in the late 1890s, and electric streetcars gaining popularity in the early 1900s, immigrant laborers started to pour into Archer Heights. Starting in the 1920s and 1930s, Archer Heights had its largest population growth coming from the Polish, Italian, Czech, and Russian Jewish communities. During this time modern urban groundwork and two Catholic parishes, St. Bruno's (1925) and St. Richard's (1938), helped stimulate population growth.
After World War II population began to make a comeback; between 1930-1950, the Archer Heights community grew from 8,120 to 8,675. In the following years the population sprouted to 10,584, peaking by 1970 at 11,143. However, by 1980, the population fell off to 9,708, and continued to do so in 1990 falling to 9,227.
For over 90 years, the Archer Heights community has been predominantly white (96 percent in 1990), with a large contingent of foreign-born residents (27 percent in 1990), and a strong Polish cohort. In the 1990s, Hispanics, and primarily Mexicans, rose to 8 percent of the population. "While Archer Heights continues to be home to a large Polish community, since 2000 it became the latest swath of the Southwest Side bungalow belt where Hispanics have become the majority." 
At the end of the twentieth century, approximately 60 percent of the area was dedicated to manufacturing and bulk transportation facilities, 30 percent to residences, and 10 percent to commerce.
CPS District-Run Schools
S Archer Ave, Chicago, IL 60632
- Edwards Elementary School
4815 South Karlov Avenue, Chicago, IL 60632
CPS Charter Schools
- UCSN Major Hector P. Garcia MD High School
4248 W 47th St, Chicago, IL 60632
- UCSN PFC Omar E. Torres School
4248 W 47th St, Chicago, IL 60632
- Academy for Global Citizenship (Elementary)
4647 W. 47th St. Chicago, IL 60632
- SPC Daniel Zizumbo School
4248 W 47th St Chicago, IL 60632
- St. Richard School (Elementary)
5025 S. Kenneth Ave. Chicago, IL 60632
- St. Bruno School (Elementary)
4839 S. Harding Ave. Chicago, IL 60632
Archer Heights Public Library
The Archer Heights public library is a 6 million dollar, 14,000 sq/ft building located at 5055 S. Archer Ave. Chicago Illinois. The library is home to over 49,000 materials ranging from books, magazines, book tapes, and newspapers.
Houses of Worship
|New Life Community Church Midway||5101 S Keeler Ave, Chicago, IL 60632||https://newlifecommunity.church|
|St. Bruno Catholic Church||4751 S. Harding Ave. Chicago, IL 60632||http://www.stbrunochicago.org/en/schedule.aspx|
|St. Richard Parish||5032 S. Kostner Ave. Chicago, IL 60632||http://www.parishesonline.com/find/st-richard-parish|
Historically, transportation between downtown Chicago and the Southwest Side was limited to express buses that traveled down the Stevenson Expressway. The Orange Line was created in 1993 to solve this issue. Pulaski station was built as an Orange Line stop at the corner of Pulaski Road and 51st Street near Archer Avenue.
- Archer Heights Civic Association
- Greater Chicago Food Depository
- Chicago Electrical Trauma Rehabilitation Institute
- United Awareness Front
- Polish Highlanders Alliance of North America 
|Curie Park||4949 S. Archer Ave. Chicago, IL 60632||http://www.chicagoparkdistrict.com/parks/Curie-Park/|
|Archer Park||4901 S. Kilbourn Ave. Chicago, IL 60632||http://www.chicagoparkdistrict.com/parks/Archer-Park/|
|Irma C. Ruiz Park (formerly Walnut Park)||3801 W.45th St. Chicago, IL 60632||http://www.chicagoparkdistrict.com/parks/Walnut-Playground-Park/|
|Catalpa Park||4324 S. Kedvale Ave. Chicago, IL 60632||http://www.chicagoparkdistrict.com/parks/Catalpa-Playlot-Park/|
- 48th Street and Harding Avenue dedicated an honorary street sign to recognize Henry J. "Hank" Rutkowski Sr. "Rutkowski is a decorated World War II veteran and former prisoner of war", he received the Good Conduct Medal, the Air Medal, the European Theatre of War Medal, and the Prisoner of War Medal. Following the war he worked for 40 years for Schulze & Birch, he retired in 1993.
- 47th Street and Keeler Avenue dedicated a street sign for Omar Torres. "Private First Class Omar E. Torres died in combat in Iraq, 2007." Torres was one of three children, his sister Oralia and brother, Oscar Jr. Where raised by Doris and Oscar Torres Sr.
- St. Bruno Catholic Church Carnival
- St. Richard Family Fest and Carnival and Rocket Run 5k
Archer Heights is split by two United States congressional districts, these districts are the 3rd and 4th. Daniel Lipinski (3rd district) serves the South West, and Luis Gutiérrez serves the North East Side of Archer Heights.
Archer Heights is also represented in the 1st district of the Illinois Senate and House, their Senator is Assistant Majority Leader, Democrat Antonio Munoz and their House Rep. is Assistant Majority Leader, Democrat Daniel J. Burke.
Jeffery R. Tobolski was elected as the Cook County Commissioner from the 16th District on November 2, 2010. Tobolski is the Vice-Chairman of the Labor Committee; also at the Cook County Board he chairs the Homeland Security committee, Veterans Committee, as well as the Preserve's Zoo Committee.
John P. Daly is the Cook County Commissioner of the 11th District. He serves on the Cook County Board Committee as the Audit and Finance Chairman.
South Chicago Post
Southwest news Herald
- "Community Data Snapshot" (PDF). cmap.illinois.gov. State of Illinois. Retrieved November 23, 2017.
- Zangs, Mary (2014). The Chicago 77: a community area handbook. Charleston, SC 29403: The History Press. pp. 236–239. ISBN 978-1-62619-612-4.
- Mihalopoulos, Dan; Little, Darnell (2011-01-01). "Face of City Has Changed Dramatically, Census Estimates Show". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-05-24.
- "Archer Heights". www.encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org. Retrieved 2016-05-19.
- Paral, Rob. "Chicago Community Areas Historical Data". Archived from the original on 18 March 2013. Retrieved 2 September 2012.
- "UNO Charter Schools Archived 2012-04-30 at the Wayback Machine." United Neighborhood Organization. Retrieved on June 16, 2012.
- Challos, Courtney (2000-09-06). "ARCHER HEIGHTS FINDS MORE TO CHECK OUT AT NEW LIBRARY".
- Local Community Fact Book Chicago Metropolitan Area. University of Illinois at Chicago. 1995. p. 169.
- The Almanac of American Politics, 2004, quote: "Even today, in Archer Heights you can scarcely go a block without hearing someone speaking Polish."
- "World War II POW from Archer Heights is recognized with honorary street sign". swnewsherald.com. Retrieved 2016-05-17.
- Connolly, Dermot (2013-05-04). "Honor Late Soldier's Memory". South West News Herald. Retrieved 2016-05-17.
- "Find Your Representative in the U.S. House of Representatives". ziplook.house.gov. Retrieved 2016-05-19.
- "City of Chicago :: Alderman Edward M. Burke". www.cityofchicago.org. Retrieved 2016-05-19.
- "City of Chicago :: Alderman Ricardo Munoz". Retrieved 2016-05-19.
- "Illinois General Assembly - Senator Biography". www.ilga.gov. Archived from the original on 2015-09-29. Retrieved 2016-05-19.
- "Illinois General Assembly - Representative Biography". www.ilga.gov. Retrieved 2016-05-19.
- "Cook County Government, Illinois | CookCountyil.gov » Jeffrey R. Tobolski (16th)". www.cookcountyil.gov. Archived from the original on 2016-06-11. Retrieved 2016-05-26.
- Archer Heights neighborhood map & guide on ExploreChicago.org
- Official City of Chicago Archer Heights Community Map
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