The Association was previously governed by a Board composed of eight societies (Archery Society of NSW, Archery ACT, Archery Victoria, Archery Society of Tasmania, Archery South Australia, Archery Society of Western Australia, Archery Society of North Queensland and Archery Society of South Queensland). The day-to-day affairs of the association were managed by an Executive Committee.
In 2001, the Board dramatically changed the constitution. The Archery Board now comprises four elected and up to three appointed Board members. The day-to-day affairs of the association are managed by the Chief Executive Officer, Jim Larven.