Archiac Town Centre
|• Mayor (2014–2020)||Didier Braud|
|Area1||4.48 km2 (1.73 sq mi)|
|• Density||180/km2 (470/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|INSEE/Postal code||17016 /17520|
|Elevation||48–116 m (157–381 ft)
(avg. 111 m or 364 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
The inhabitants of the commune are known as Archiacais or Archiacaises
Archiac is located in the south of the department of Charente Maritime in the historic region of Saintonge some 20 km south of Cognac, 15 km north-west of Barbezieux-Saint-Hilaire and 15 km north-east of Jonzac. The village has the status of a town and is located at the intersection of two main highways: the D699 from Arthenac in the south-west to Ambleville in the north-east; and the D731 from Cierzac in the north-west which continues south-east from the village. The north-eastern border of the commune is also the border between Charente-Maritime and Charente departments. Other access roads include the D149 which is a short-cut connection between the D699 and the D733 west of the village and the D152 which goes south from the village to Saint-Maigrin. There are also the hamlets of La Grue and Saint-Pierre north-east of the village. Apart from some wooded areas near the village the commune is entirely farmland.
- In the reign of Charlemagne Archiac was the seat of a viguerie. [ref. needed]
- Upon the removal of Emma, the wife of the lord of Cognac, by the lord of Barbezieux in the 11th century, the Lord of Archiac gave them asylum: the castle was attacked, taken, and burnt.
- In 1219 the Lord of Archiac was Guillaume d'Archiac. During the Hundred Years War the castle was taken and retaken then became a den of Anglo-Gascon thieves before being taken and demolished.
- In 1609 the Barony of Archiac was raised to a marquisate.
- It was forbidden for the Protestant ministers Jacques Fountaines and Jean Hoummeau to preach and the temple was demolished in 1673.
Gules, two pales vairé, in chief Or.
List of Successive Mayors
(Not all data is known)
In 2009 the commune had 812 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
Arthenac was part of the Archiac commune until they were separated in 1831.
Distribution of Age Groups
The population of the town is relatively old. The ratio of persons above the age of 60 years (32.4%) is higher than the national average (21.6%) and the departmental average (28.1%). As for the national and departmental levels, the female population of the commune is higher than the male population. The ratio (53.2%) is higher than the national ratio (51.6%).
Percentage Distribution of Age Groups in Archiac and Charente-Maritime Department in 2009
|0 to 14 Years||15.8||14.4||17.2||15.1|
|15 to 29 Years||15.5||16.0||16.5||14.4|
|30 to 44 Years||17.4||16.0||18.7||17.9|
|45 to 59 Years||20.8||19.7||21.0||20.8|
|60 to 74 Years||16.8||13.9||17.2||17.8|
|75 to 89 Years||12.9||16.4||9.0||12.4|
- Evolution and Structure of the population of the Commune in 2009, INSEE.
- Evolution and Structure of the population of the Department in 2009, INSEE.
Sites and Monuments
- The Parish Church of Saint-Pierre has a fragment of a Statue from the Middle Ages depicting a mitred head which is registered as an historical object.
- A Dolmen near Lavaure. [ref. needed]
- A Chateau from the 9th century, repaired in the 11th century but now disappeared. It included the chapels of Our Lady and Saint-Martin. [ref. needed]
- The House of the Vine and Fragrances
- Cardinal Simon d'Archiac (14th century) was born in Archiac.
- Archiac on the National Geographic Institute website (French)
- Archiac on Lion1906
- Archiac on Google Maps
- Archiac on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute (IGN) website (French)
- Archiac on the 1750 Cassini Map
- Archiac on the INSEE website (French)
- INSEE (French)
Notes and references
- At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
- Inhabitants of Charente-Maritime (French)
- Google Maps
- History of Cognac, Jarnac and Segonzac, Father Cousin, 1882, reprinted 2007, ISBN 2-84618-496-8 (French)
- List of Mayors of France
- Communal Notice Ldh/EHESS/Casini
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM17000628 Statue: Head (French)
- The House of the Vine and Fragrances website (French)
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