Archibald (name)

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Archibald
Gender Male
Origin
Word/name Germanic

Archibald is a masculine given name, composed of the Germanic elements erchan (with an original meaning of "genuine" or "precious"[1]) and bald "bold".

Medieval forms include Old High German Erchambald, Erkanbold, Erkanbald and Anglo-Saxon Eorcenbald. Erkanbald, bishop of Strasbourg (d. 991) was also rendered Archaunbault in Old French. The Anglo-Saxon name did not survive, and the modern given name in English derives from the introduction of the Old French name, with a secondary association of its first element with the Greek prefix archi- meaning "chief, master", to Norman England in the high medieval period.

The form Archibald became particularly popular among Scottish nobility in the later medieval to early modern periods, whence usage as a surname is derived by the 18th century, found especially in Nova Scotia and in Scotland.

Given name[edit]

English diminutives or hypocorisms include Archibald, Arch, Archy, Archie, Baldie. Variants include French Archambault, Archaimbaud, Archenbaud, Archimbaud, Italian Archimboldo, Arcimbaldo, Arcimboldo, Portuguese Arquibaldo, Arquimbaldo and Spanish Archibaldo. Archibald is used as the anglicization of the (unrelated) Gaelic given name Gille Easbuig (also anglicized as Gillespie).

The given name Archibald was comparatively popular in the United States in the late 19th century, peaking at rank 290 in 1890, but it rapidly fell out of fashion in the early 20th century, falling below rank 1,000 in popularity during the 1920s.[2]

People with given name Archibald[edit]

See also: All pages beginning with "Archibald"

Medieval[edit]

Early modern[edit]

In the late medieval and early modern period, the given name Archibald became popular among Scottish aristocracy in particular. See Archibald Campbell (disambiguation), Archibald Douglas (disambiguation), Archibald Hamilton (disambiguation), Archibald Montgomerie (disambiguation), Archibald Napier (disambiguation), Archibald Primrose (disambiguation) for lists of individuals with these names.

Modern[edit]

Pseudonyms[edit]

Fictional characters[edit]

Surname[edit]

Arcomboldo or Arcimboldi was used as a surname in Renaissance Italy; see Giovanni Arcimboldi, Giuseppe Arcimboldo.

Archibald is a modern Anglo-Saxon surname. Derived from the given name, it becomes frequent in Nova Scotia by the later 18th century. Early bearers of the name associated with Nova Scotia include:

Nova Scotia[edit]

Other[edit]

The surname becomes more widespread in the English-speaking world in general during the 19th century:

Canada
United States
  • George D. Archibald (1820– ?); Washington County, Pennsylvania-native, theologian
  • James Archibald (1912–2006); Houlton, Maine-native, judge
  • Joey Archibald (1914–1998); Providence, Rhode Island-native, boxer
  • Lynn Archibald (1944–1997); American college basketball head coach (University of Utah, Idaho State University)
  • Nate Archibald (b. 1948); South Bronx-native, basketball player
  • Nolan D. Archibald, retired CEO of Black and Decker
  • Ben Archibald (b. 1978); American player of gridiron football
Australia
  • William Archibald (1850–1926), Adelaide politician. Born in St Pancras, London, Archibald was orphaned aged ten, emigrating to New Zealand in 1879 and thence to New South Wales and Victoria in 1881 before arriving in South Australia in 1882.

New Zealand[edit]

United Kingdom

In the United kingdom, Archibald is mostly found as a Scottish surname.

Fictional characters[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ c.f. Old English eorcnan-stan "precious stone, gem". Pokorny (1959) tentatively grouped the word with PIE *arǵ- "glittering, shining", whence Latin argentum "silver"), but Gothic ark- may also represent an early loan from Greek ἀρχι- ("arch-", c.f. Ulfilan Gothic arkaggilus for archangelus), i.e. precisely the element with which the first element in this name was again associated by popular etymology in the medieval period. Formerly (Diefenbach 1851) also compared to Sanskrit arh- "to be worthy".
  2. ^ US statistics cited after behindthename.com
  3. ^ Reinhold Pauli, The life of King Alfred (1852), p. 224, citing Leges Inae (c. 694), ed. Thorpe (1840), p. 102.