Archibald Acheson, 5th Earl of Gosford

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The Earl of Gosford

Personal details
Born
Archibald Charles Montagu Brabazon Acheson

(1877-05-26)26 May 1877
London, England
Died20 March 1954(1954-03-20) (aged 76)
New York City, United States
Spouse(s)
  • (m. 1910; div. 1928)
  • Beatrice Claflin
    (m. 1928)
Children5, including Archibald Alexander John Stanley Acheson
MotherLady Louisa Montagu
FatherArchibald Acheson, 4th Earl of Gosford
Military service
Branch/serviceColdstream Guards
RankLieutenant colonel
Battles/warsBoer War
World War I

Archibald Charles Montagu Brabazon Acheson, 5th Earl of Gosford MC KGStJ (26 May 1877 – 20 March 1954), styled Viscount Acheson until 1922, was a British peer.

Early life[edit]

His first wife, Mildred Carter, John Singer Sargent, 1908

Acheson was born in London on 26 May 1877.[1] He was the eldest son of Archibald Acheson, 4th Earl of Gosford and Lady Louisa Montagu (1854–1944), a Lady-in-Waiting to Queen Alexandra.[2]

His paternal grandparents were Archibald Acheson, 3rd Earl of Gosford and the former Lady Theodosia Brabazon (only daughter of John Brabazon, 10th Earl of Meath). His maternal grandparents were William Montagu, 7th Duke of Manchester and the former Countess Louisa von Alten (a daughter of Karl Franz Viktor, Count of Alten). After his grandfather's death in 1890, his grandmother remarried to Spencer Cavendish, 8th Duke of Devonshire.[2]

Career[edit]

Lord Acheson was commissioned in the Coldstream Guards, and promoted to lieutenant on 19 December 1901,[3] but resigned in late October 1902.[4] after serving in the Boer War from 1899 to 1901. He served as Military Governor of Kimberley, South Africa from 1900 to 1901 and in the First world war as a Lt. Col. in the Coldstream Guards. He was awarded the Order of Saint John and a Military Cross in the King's 1915 Birthday Honours. In 1918, he served as Assistant Adjutant-General of the War Office.[2]

Upon the death of his father in 1922, Lord Gosford succeeded to the earldom.[2]

In America, where Lord Gosford lived for twenty-five years, he set up a wine shop at 40 East 50 Street in Manhattan.[5] During World War II, he joined the New York City Patrol, which assisted the New York City Police on night duty.[6]

Personal life[edit]

His father-in-law, John Ridgeley Carter, by John Singer Sargent, 1901

On 21 June 1910,[7] then Viscount Acheson was married to Mildred Caroline Carter (1888–1965) at St George's Hanover Square Church.[8] Mildred, as she was known, was the only daughter of American diplomat John Ridgeley Carter (a descendant of Henry Lee III, the 9th Governor of Virginia) and Alice (née Morgan) Carter (sister of William Fellowes Morgan).[9] Together, they were the parents of the following children:[2]

  • Archibald Alexander John Stanley Acheson, 6th Earl of Gosford (1911–1966), who married Francesca Cagiati, eldest daughter of Francesco Cagiati.[10] They divorced in 1960 and he remarried to Cynthia Margaret Delius, the widow of Maj. James Pringle Delius and daughter of Capt. Henry Cave West MC.[2]
  • Lady Patricia Acheson (1913–1915), who died in childhood.[2]
  • Hon. Patrick Bernard Victor Montagu Acheson (1915–2005), who married Judith Gillette, a daughter of Earle P. Gillette.[2]
  • Lady Mildred Camilla Nichola Acheson (1917–1965), who married Baron Hans Christoph Freiherr Schenk von Stauffenberg in 1937. She later married Axel Freiherr von dem Bussche-Streithorst in 1950.[2]
  • Lady Mary Virginia Shirley Acheson (1919–1996), who married Fernando Corcuera in Mexico in 1941.[2]

In 1927, Lord Acheson left his first wife and went to New York City. They divorced in 1928 and while in New York, Lord Gosford married Beatrice (née Claflin) Breese on 1 October 1928. Beatrice, the former wife of Robert Potter Breese of New York,[9] was a daughter of Arthur B. Claflin of 1050 Fifth Avenue in New York City and Southampton, New York, and a granddaughter of merchant Horace Brigham Claflin.[11]

Lord Gosford died in the Flower and Fifth Avenue Hospital in New York City on 20 March 1954.[6] He was buried at Maple Hill Cemetery in Shaftsbury, Vermont, near his summer home in South Shaftsbury. His first wife Mildred died at her home in Switzerland in September 1965,[8] and his widow, the Dowager Countess of Gosford died on 26 January 1967.[12]

Descendants[edit]

Through his daughter, Lady Mary, he was a grandfather of Jaime Corcuera Acheson (born 1955),[13] who married Archduchess Myriam of Austria, a daughter of Archduke Felix of Austria and granddaughter of King Charles I of Austria, in 1983.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Archibald Charles Montagu Brabazon Acheson, 5th Earl of Gosford when Viscount Acheson as Raoul di Nangis". npg.org.uk. National Portrait Gallery, London. Retrieved 15 November 2017.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Gosford, Earl of (I, 1806)". www.cracroftspeerage.co.uk. Heraldic Media Limited. Retrieved 2 March 2020.
  3. ^ "No. 27388". The London Gazette. 17 December 1901. p. 8917.
  4. ^ "No. 27487". The London Gazette. 24 October 1902. p. 6737.
  5. ^ Tinniswood, Adrian (2016). "The Long Weekend: Life in an English Country House Between the Wars", Kindle location 2564. Basic Books, New York. ISBN 0224099450
  6. ^ a b "EARL OF GOSFORD DIES HERE AT 76; Member of the Wartime City Patrol Operated Wine Shop --Fifth to Bear Title" (PDF). The New York Times. 21 March 1954.
  7. ^ "VISCOUNT ACHESON TO WED MISS CARTER; Daughter of American Minister Carter Will Be Married in London in June. MET THREE YEARS AGO Fiance, Heir of the Earl of Gosford, Fought with Coldstream Guards in South African War" (PDF). The New York Times. 22 February 1910.
  8. ^ a b "Mildred, Countess of Gosford, Daughter of Diplomat, Is Dead" (PDF). The New York Times. 11 September 1965.
  9. ^ a b MacColl, Gail; Wallace, Carol McD (2012). To Marry an English Lord: Tales of Wealth and Marriage, Sex and Snobbery in the Gilded Age. Workman Publishing. pp. 307–10, 326–27, 350, 362. ISBN 978-0-7611-7198-0.
  10. ^ "FRANCESCA CAGIATI TO WED PEER'S HEIR; New York Girl Is Affianced to Viscount Acheson, Son of Earl of Gosford" (PDF). The New York Times. 7 June 1935.
  11. ^ "MRS. BREESE WEDS EARL OF GOSFORD; New York Woman Becomes a British Countess in South- ampton Ceremony" (PDF). The New York Times. 2 October 1928.
  12. ^ "Countess of Gosford Dies; Widow of 5th Earl Was 75" (PDF). The New York Times. 27 January 1967.
  13. ^ Montague-Smith, Patrick W. (1995). Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage. Debrett's Peerage Limited. p. 539.
  14. ^ Almanach de Gotha: Annual Genealogical Reference. Almanach de Gotha. 2004. p. 31. ISBN 978-0-9532142-5-9.

External links[edit]

Peerage of Ireland
Preceded by
Archibald Acheson
Earl of Gosford
1922–1954
Succeeded by
Archibald Acheson