Archibald Buchanan (RAF officer)
|Born||5 October 1892
Long Island, New York, USA
|Service/branch||Royal Air Force (United Kingdom)
Air Service, United States Army
Royal Air Force
|Battles/wars||World War I|
|Awards||British Distinguished Flying Cross, French Croix de Guerre|
Buchanan voyaged to England to join the Royal Naval Air Service. The RNAS and the Royal Flying Corps were amalgamated into the Royal Air Force before Buchanan earned his pilot's wings, but he was assigned to a former RNAS squadron, No. 210.
Buchanan began his victory string as a balloon buster on 30 June 1918, when he destroyed an enemy observation balloon northeast of Estaires. His second win, on 20 July, was shared with Captain Harold Mellings. Between 31 July and 29 September, he scored five more wins over enemy fighter planes; his final summary was victory over five Fokker D.VIIs, a Pfalz D.III, and a balloon.
On 17 October, he landed his Sopwith Camel at Ostend, Belgium, in the wake of the German retreat, only to be informed by locals that he was the first Allied soldier to come to the city after the Germans left.
Honors and awards
Distinguished Flying Cross (DFC)
Lieut. Archibald Buchanan, 210 Sqn. (Sea Patrol, FLANDERS)
On 29 September this officer displayed great gallantry. In an engagement with fifteen Fokker biplanes, owing to engine trouble he was compelled to remain under his flight; he nevertheless accounted for two enemy machines, attacking one under its tail causing it to crash, and driving another down out of control. In addition to the foregoing this officer has destroyed three machines and driven down two out of control.