Archibald Campbell, 1st Duke of Argyll

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The Duke of Argyll
1st Duke of Argyll
In office
10th Earl of Argyll
In office
Personal details
Born25 July 1658
DiedSeptember 1703

Arms of the Dukes of Argyll

Archibald Campbell, 1st Duke of Argyll, 10th Earl of Argyll (25 July 1658 – September 1703)[1] was a Scottish peer.


The eldest son of Archibald Campbell, 9th Earl of Argyll and Mary Stuart, daughter of James Stuart, 4th Earl of Moray, Campbell sought to recover his father's estates (by gaining King James VII's favour). However, after failing to do so, he went to The Hague and supported William and Mary's quest for the throne; this important support later led to the monarchs returning his father's estate in 1690. In spite of the attainder, he was admitted in 1689 to the Convention of the Estates of Scotland as earl of Argyll, and he was deputed, with Sir James Montgomery and Sir John Dalrymple, to present the crown to William in its name, and to tender him the coronation oath.[2] Also, he was made a Privy Councillor. He was William's chief Scottish advisor, and was colonel-in-chief of the Earl of Argyll's Regiment of Foot, that was involved in the 1692 massacre of the MacDonalds of Glen Coe, but took no part in any of its field operations. In 1696 he was made a lord of the treasury, and was created a duke in 1701.[2]

On 12 March 1678, he married Elizabeth Tollemache (daughter of Elizabeth and Sir Lionel Tollemache, 3rd Baronet) at Edinburgh, Scotland. Elizabeth's stepfather John Maitland, 1st Duke of Lauderdale was a dominant figure in Scottish politics of the era. They had four children, born at Ham House outside London:

The 1st Duke of Argyll is buried at Kilmun Parish Church.


  1. ^ "Archibald Campbell (1658–1703)". National Records of Scotland. Retrieved 22 October 2021.
  2. ^ a b Yorke & Chisholm 1911.
  3. ^ "Testament of Archibald Campbell, Duke of Argyll" (PDF). National Records of Scotland. Retrieved 22 October 2021.
Military offices
Preceded by Captain and Colonel of the
Scots Troop of Horse Guards

Succeeded by
Peerage of Scotland
New creation Duke of Argyll
Succeeded by
Preceded by Earl of Argyll