Archibald Campbell, 7th Earl of Argyll

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Archibald Campbell
Bornc. 1575
Died1638 (aged 62–63)
TitleEarl of Argyll
Tenure1584—1638
Spouse(s)
Lady Anne Douglas
(m. 1592; died 1607)

Anne Cornwallis
(m. 1610; died 1635)
Issue9

Archibald Campbell, 7th Earl of Argyll (c. 1575–1638), also called "Gillesbuig Grumach", was a Scottish peer, politician, and military leader.

Biography[edit]

Campbell was the son of Colin Campbell, 6th Earl of Argyll and in 1594 he had commanded royal troops in the Battle of Glenlivet against Catholic Rebels, especially the Gordons of Huntly.

On 24 July 1592, he married his first wife - Lady Agnes Douglas, daughter of the Earl of Morton. Together they had at least 5 children, including a son and heir. His nickname, "Gillesbuig Grumach" is the Gaelic for Archibald the Grim. This presumably originates from his first wife Lady Agnes Douglas and after her 14th century ancestor, Archibald Douglas, 3rd Earl of Douglas.

After the death of his first wife about 1607 or 1608, he married secondly Anne (Cornwallis), with at least 4 more children. In 1618 Archibald Campbell converted to Roman Catholicism, religion of his new wife, from Presbyterianism.[1] By 1619, he had surrendered his estates to his son, Archibald Campbell.[2] He was made a knight of the Golden Fleece in 1624.[citation needed] He had announced his new religion from the Netherlands and as a consequence he was declared a traitor in Edinburgh on 16 February 1619 and banned from his country. He was very supportive of his new religion even after he was allowed back in 1621. He was interested in military solutions in Ireland in 1622, but he was unable to raise an army.[2] He and his wife returned to Britain and lived at Drury Lane in London having abandoned everything apart from his title to his heir.[2] The 7th Earl of Argyll is buried at Kilmun Parish Church.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Marshall, R. (2005-09-22). Cornwallis, Anne, countess of Argyll (d. 1635), Roman Catholic benefactor and supposed author. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 8 Dec. 2017, from link
  2. ^ a b c Callow, J. (2004-09-23). Campbell, Archibald, seventh earl of Argyll (1575/6–1638), magnate and politician. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 8 Dec. 2017, from link
  • Prebble, John, The Lion in the North: one thousand years of Scotland's history, London, 1971

External links[edit]

Legal offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Argyll
Lord Justice General
1584–1628
Succeeded by
The Earl of Airth
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
Colin Campbell
Earl of Argyll
1584–1638
Succeeded by
Archibald Campbell