Archibald Clark (politician)

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Archibald Clark
Archibald Clark, 1860.jpg
Archibald Clark in 1860
1st Mayor of the Auckland Borough Council
In office
1851–1852
Preceded by new office
Succeeded by office abolished
Member of the New Zealand Parliament
for City of Auckland
In office
5 April 1860 – 5 November 1860
Member of the New Zealand Parliament
for Auckland East
In office
1866 – 1870
Preceded by Thomas Russell
Succeeded by Julius Vogel
Member of the New Zealand Parliament
for Franklin
In office
1871 – 1874
Personal details
Born 1805
Beith, Scotland
Died (1875-10-17)17 October 1875
Remuera, Auckland, New Zealand
Political party Independent

Archibald Clark (1805 – 17 October 1875) was a Scottish 19th-century Member of Parliament in the Auckland Region, New Zealand. He was the first Mayor of Auckland in 1851. His company, Archibald Clark and Sons, manufactured clothing and was a wholesaler.

Early life[edit]

Clark was born in Beith, Scotland, in 1805, the son of Andrew Clark. He attended the University of Glasgow to become a Presbyterian minister, but returned home to take over his ill father's business before completing his studies.[1] His first wife was Margaret McCosh, the daughter of a wealthy coal mine owner. Their eldest son, James Clark, was born in 1833 in Beith and became a mayor of Auckland (1880–1883).[2][3] Clark decided to emigrate and they left London on the barque Thames on 18 July 1849, and arrived in Auckland with his third wife and four children on 25 November.[2][4]

Professional career[edit]

Archibald Clark and Sons Ltd in Wellesley Street West in 1912

Clark established a drapery store in Shortland Street in 1850[2] and initially imported, but later manufactured clothing.[3] In 1856 or 1857, his son James became a partner in the business, which became known as Archibald Clark and Sons.[2] The company became quite large, at one time having 500 employees.[1] Their building on the corner of Wellesley Street West and Elliott Street in the Auckland CBD, built in 1910, is registered with the New Zealand Historic Places Trust as a Category II heritage structure.[5] The company ceased trading in 1928.[6]

Political career[edit]

New Zealand Parliament
Years Term Electorate Party
1860 2nd City of Auckland Independent
1866–1870 4th Auckland East Independent
1871–1874 5th Franklin Independent

In 1851, local government was inaugurated in Auckland with the establishment of the Borough of Auckland. Clark was elected as the inaugural and only mayor of the borough council, serving in 1851–1852. However the legality of Auckland's elevation as a Borough was legally contested and overturned. Auckland was placed under the care of a Board of Governors, whose Chairman was Archibald Clark. He was succeeded by Walter Lee, who was chairman in 1852–1854. It was not until 1871, that Auckland was formally incorporated and Philip Philips was elected as the first mayor of the city council (by the other city councillors and not by popular vote).[7][8]

He represented the City of Auckland electorate in 1860, until he was defeated (for the Newton electorate).[9] He then represented Auckland East from 1866 to 1870, and Franklin from 1871 to 1874, when he resigned due to failing health.[9]

Clark was also a member of the Auckland Provincial Council, representing the Auckland East electorate in the 5th Council from January 1867 to November 1868.[10]

Private life and death[edit]

Archibald Clark's grave in Symonds Street Cemetery, Auckland
St Andrew's Presbyterian Church, Auckland

Clark read widely, an interest that he obtained during his time at university.[1] He was well liked by his friends, and was regarded by all for his integrity and conduct.[11] He was active in St Andrew's Church and was one of the leading members of the congregation.[1] The church is the oldest surviving church building in Auckland as of 2015, and registered with the New Zealand Historic Places Trust as a Category I heritage building.[12]

Clark died on 17 October 1875 at his residence in Remuera. For almost two years, he had not participated in public life due to failing health.[11]

He was buried three days later at Symonds Street Cemetery.[13][14]

His widow, Kate Emma McCosh Clark, wrote the first New Zealand children's story A southern cross fairy tale, which she partly illustrated, published in London in 1891.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Cyclopedia Company Limited (1902). "Mr. Archibald Clark". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Auckland Provincial District. Christchurch. Retrieved 18 September 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d McCallum, Janet. "Clark, Kate Emma - Biography". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 18 September 2011. 
  3. ^ a b "Archibald Clark & Sons, Limited". Observer. XXVIII (48). 15 August 1908. p. 38. Retrieved 17 September 2011. 
  4. ^ "Shipping Lists". Daily Southern Cross. V (252). 27 November 1849. p. 2. Retrieved 26 September 2011. 
  5. ^ "T & G Insurance Building". Register of Historic Places. Heritage New Zealand. Retrieved 18 September 2011. 
  6. ^ "Object". Auckland City Council. Archived from the original on 2 April 2012. Retrieved 17 September 2011. 
  7. ^ "History of Auckland City". Auckland Council. Archived from the original on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 17 September 2011. 
  8. ^ "Auckland mayors". Auckland City Libraries. Archived from the original on 28 July 2012. Retrieved 17 September 2011. 
  9. ^ a b Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. p. 189. OCLC 154283103. 
  10. ^ Scholefield, Guy (1950) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1949 (3rd ed.). Wellington: Govt. Printer. p. 182. 
  11. ^ a b "Death of Mr. Archibald Clark". Auckland Star. VI (1771). 18 October 1875. p. 2. Retrieved 17 September 2011. 
  12. ^ "St Andrew's Church (Presbyterian)". Register of Historic Places. Heritage New Zealand. Retrieved 19 September 2011. 
  13. ^ "The Colonist". Colonist. XVII (1984). 26 October 1875. p. 3. Retrieved 17 September 2011. 
  14. ^ Rudman, Brian (29 September 2000). "Rudman's City: Let old graves decay in peace". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 24 September 2011. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
First Mayor of Auckland Borough
1851–1852
Office abolished
New Zealand Parliament
Preceded by
Thomas Beckham, William Daldy, Thomas Forsaith
Member of Parliament for Auckland
1860
Served alongside: William Daldy, Thomas Forsaith
In abeyance
Title next held by
William Rees, John Shera, Thomas Thompson
Preceded by
Thomas Russell
Member of Parliament for Auckland East
1866–1870
Succeeded by
Julius Vogel
Preceded by
William Swan, Theodore Haultain
Member of Parliament for Franklin
1871–1874
Served alongside: William Buckland
Succeeded by
William Buckland, Joseph May