||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (July 2009) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
Archibald Goodman Frazer Nash (30 June 1889 – 10 March 1965), was an early English motor car designer and engineer, who specialised in manufacturer of light ("cycle") and sports cars in England.
Frazer Nash added a hyphen to his name in 1938 and so either form may be correct depending on the period.
Frazer Nash was born in India on 30 June 1889. In 1905, while at technical college, he met Henry Ronald Godfrey who later became a business partner in GN cars and Nash & Thompson. After City and Guilds he served an apprenticeship with Willans & Robinson in Rugby.
Frazer Nash began an association with the aircraft industry in 1917 and remained in the Technical Department of the Royal Air Force until March 1919. A skilled pilot he then bought his own Le Rhone Avro and flew with Godfrey to the Paris Salon.
GN and Frazer Nash cars
In 1910, Frazer Nash had partnered with Godfrey to produce the GN cycle car. First sold in 1911, the GN cycle car was a lightweight two-cylinder car that stayed in production (apart from the war years) until 1922 in the UK and 1925 in France, where it was made under licence by Salmson. Frazer Nash's racing successes in highly developed versions of the cars contributed to their popularity.
In 1923, Frazer Nash started the Frazer Nash company to produce an evolution of the GN, still chain-driven, which became the Frazer Nash sports car. Frazer Nash Ltd. was reconstituted as AFN Ltd in 1927 and taken over by H.J. ("Aldy" or "HJ") Aldington in 1929. At that time Frazer Nash resigned from any management role though he remained a small shareholder and instead devoted himself to his more profitable new engineering business.
Nash & Thompson
He was responsible for "many highly successful commercial inventions" starting with his Vickers-Nash Indicator. Friend, Gordon Burt of Mowlem, was having trouble with jib cranes and Frazer Nash came up with a device to calculate and display the weight of a load a crane was about to lift. In 1929 he launched Nash Safe-Load Indicators, manufacture was later licensed to Vickers. Encouraged by this success and the promise of a better income than provided by AFN Limited he started a separate engineering company, Nash & Thompson, described as Air Ministry contractors and armament engineers with a special interest in its application to aircraft. In 1935 Nash & Thompson was sold into a new grouping, Parnall Aircraft Limited, formed with Parnall's shopfitters turned wartime fuselage and vessel manufacturers and Hendy Aircraft Company. In the documentation of the amalgamation special provision was made for the Frazer-Nash (sic) Servo-operated Gunner's Installation (specific ref . . . Official Secrets Act) which had completed extensive trials with the RAF. Manufacturing rights to his Frazer Nash Safety Wing-tip Flare Apparatus had been sold to S Smith & Sons and "the Governments of USA, Italy and other foreign countries". Frazer Nash remained on the board of directors, he was technical director. H R Godfrey left to form his HRG Engineering Company with Halford and Robins.
After the Second World War, Frazer Nash again started inventing engineered products for defence, aircraft and atomic energy fields. After his death in 1965, the business continued growing as Frazer Nash Group until forced into receivership in 1990 by the UK government defence expenditure cuts.
Divisions that survived the demise of the Frazer Nash Group included Frazer-Nash Consultancy, Frazer-Nash (Midhurst) and Frazer Nash Research. Frazer-Nash Research is a division of Kamkorp, which purchased Bristol Cars in 2011.
- "GN Car Company." British Motor Manufacturers. Retrieved: 7 January 2010.
- The Cars of Archie Frazer-Nash. Motor Sport magazine, Page 22, May 1963
- Parnall Aircraft Limited. The Times, Monday, May 27, 1935; pg. 23; Issue 47074
- Jenkinson, Denis.From Chain-Drive to Turbocharger: The A.F.N. Story. London: Patrick Stephens Limited, 1984. ISBN 0-85059-631-9.
- Tarring, Trevor and Mark Joseland. Archie Frazer-Nash .. Engineer. London: The Frazer Nash Archives, 2011. ISBN 978-0-9570351-0-2.
- Thirlby, David A. The Chain-Drive Frazer Nash. London: MacDonald & Co. Ltd, 1965.
- Thirlby, David A. Frazer Nash. London: The Haynes Publishing Group, 1977. ISBN 0-85429-183-0.