Archibald Hurley Robinson

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Kent Street Baths (1931-33), while an empty building under the name of Kent House.
Plaque commemorating the July 1931 opening of Sparkhill Baths, Birmingham, crediting "Hurley Robinson" as architect.
Norfolk House

Archibald Hurley Robinson F.R.I.B.A., known as Hurley Robinson, was a prolific British architect of cinemas prior to World War II. Following World War II, the demand for new cinemas had diminished and his work focussed more on office buildings. He set up his own practice which was initially called Hurley Robinson & Sons and then renamed Hurley Robinson & Partners, which were both based in Birmingham, England.

Robinson's work on cinemas was mainly during the 1930s. His cinemas were mainly of the Art Deco style that was popularly used by Oscar Deutsch for his Odeon Cinemas. A lot of Robinson's work was commissioned in the Midlands area of England.

Hurley Robinson remodelled the Salters' Hall in Droitwich Spa, Worcestershire to become a cinema in 1933. This was again altered to become a library in 1982.[1] He also designed the Ritz Cinema in Bordesley Green, Birmingham.[2] A pre-World War II work by Robinson was the Lee Longlands furniture store on Broad Street, Birmingham. This was completed in 1931, and is a rare example of a building that was not a cinema by Robinson before the war. The building was extended in 1939.[3] Another example of a pre-World War II work by Hurley Robinson is the Kent Street Baths in Birmingham which was built between 1931 and 1933. The Art Deco baths survived, unused, until September 2009. His Sparkhill Baths, from the same era, still stand. Hurley Robinson also designed the Dudley Hippodrome theatre, which was built in 1938.[4]

Following World War II, the cinema business deteriorated and Robinson's work was less concentrated on this aspect of construction. In 1959, Robinson was commissioned to design an extension to a factory used by Rootes Motor Parts Limited on the Coventry Road in Birmingham.[5] Also in 1959, construction of Norfolk House on Smallbrook Queensway, Birmingham was completed. The bow-fronted building was originally intended to be a warehouse, however it later incorporated offices and retail units and is now locally listed. The façade is clad in stone and there is a wavy shell concrete canopy above the street level.[6]

Cinemas[edit]

Cinemas designed by Robinson include:

Name Location Constructed/ Opened Closed Seats Screens Additional notes or references Coordinates
Cannon Bristol Road (also known as ABC Bristol Road) Edgbaston, Birmingham 16 May 1937 16 May 1987 1,712 3 [7] 52°28′01″N 1°54′07″W / 52.46691°N 1.90204°W / 52.46691; -1.90204
Odeon Cinema (Also known as New Empire Cinema) Loughborough, Leicestershire 14 September 1914 1,328 6 [8][9]
Odeon Bilston (also known as New Wood's Picture Palace) Bilston, West Midlands 17 November 1921 22 February 1964 1,400 1 [10]
Plaza Cinema Dudley, West Midlands 28 May 1936 27 October 1990 1,600 2 [11]
Regal Cinema Evesham, Worcestershire 10 October 1932 945 1 [12][13]
Winson Green Picture House (also known as Winson Green Palace) Winson Green, Birmingham 1914 21 March 1959 1,299 1 [14]
The Rex Cinema Coalville, Leicestershire 1938 3 May 1984 Approx. 1,250 2 [15]
The Regal Cinema Coalville, Leicestershire 2 Nov 1933 14 May 1960 1,200 1 [16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nikolaus Pevsner; Alan Brooks (2007). Worcestershire. Yale University Press. p. 268. ISBN 0-300-11298-X. 
  2. ^ Library Association (1928). The Subject Index to Periodicals. Library Association. 
  3. ^ Andy Foster (2007). Pevsner Architectural Guides: Birmingham. Yale University Press. p. 153. ISBN 978-0-300-10731-9. 
  4. ^ "Hippodrome (Dudley)". Theatre Buildings at Risk Register. The Theatres Trust. Retrieved 5 October 2012. 
  5. ^ Mechanical World and Engineering Record, page 336, issue 336, 1959, Emmott & Co. Ltd.
  6. ^ "20th Century Birmingham Buildings: 50s" (pdf). Birmingham City Council. Retrieved 2008-01-20. 
  7. ^ "Cannon Bristol Road". Cinema Treasures. Archived from the original on 23 February 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-19. 
  8. ^ "Curzon Cinema". Cinema Treasures. Retrieved 2008-01-19. 
  9. ^ "Loughborough Cinemas". Mercia Cinema Society. Retrieved 2008-01-20. [dead link]
  10. ^ "Odeon Bilston". Cinema Treasures. Retrieved 2008-01-20. 
  11. ^ "Plaza Cinema". Cinema Treasures. Retrieved 2008-01-20. 
  12. ^ "Regal Cinema". Cinema Treasures. Archived from the original on 23 February 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-20. 
  13. ^ "The Regal Cinema is up for sale". This is Worcestershire. Retrieved 2008-01-20. 
  14. ^ "Winson Green Picture House". Cinema Treasures. Archived from the original on 23 February 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-20. 
  15. ^ Rex Coalville, Opening Souvenir Programme
  16. ^ Gould, Mervyn: Loughborough's Stage and Screen, published by Mercia Cinema Society, 1994, pages 89-90