Archibald Stuart

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Archibald Stuart
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Virginia's 7th district
In office
March 4, 1837 - March 3, 1839
Preceded byNathaniel Claiborne
Succeeded byWilliam L. Goggin
Member of the Virginia Senate from Henry, Patrick and Franklin Counties
In office
Preceded byDistrict created
Succeeded byGeorge Hairston
Personal details
BornDecember 2, 1795
Lynchburg, Virginia
DiedSeptember 20, 1855(1855-09-20) (aged 59)
"Laurel Hill", Patrick County, Virginia
Resting placeSaltville, Virginia
Political partyDemocratic
Alma materCollege of William & Mary
Occupationplanter, lawyer

Archibald Stuart (December 2, 1795 – September 20, 1855) was a nineteenth-century politician and lawyer from Virginia. He was the first cousin of Alexander Hugh Holmes Stuart and the father of Confederate General James Ewell Brown "Jeb" Stuart, who was the seventh of eleven children.[1]

Early life[edit]

Born in Lynchburg, Virginia to Anne Dabney Stuart and Judge Alexander Stuart (who had previously served in both houses of the Virginia General Assembly), Stuart received a private education suitable to his class.[2] He attended the College of William & Mary from c. 1777 to 1780.


He became an officer in the War of 1812 and studied law afterward. After being admitted to the bar, Stuart commenced practice in Lynchburg.[3] He was elected to the Virginia Constitutional Convention of 1829-1830.[4]

Stuart was elected a Democrat to the United States House of Representatives in 1836, serving from 1837 to 1839. After losing reelection to Isaac Adams, Stuart resumed practicing law.[5]

In 1850-51 he served in the Virginia Constitutional Convention of 1850.[6] He served to the Virginia Senate, serving from 1852 to 1854.[7]


Overview of Laurel Hill; Stuart was buried by the tree at far left

Stuart died suddenly at his home, "Laurel Hill" in Patrick County, Virginia, on September 20, 1855. He was interred in the Stuart family cemetery at Laurel Hill. In 1952 the Stuart family re-interred his remains in Saltville, Virginia, next to the grave of his wife, Elizabeth Letcher Pannill Stuart.[8]

Electoral history[edit]

  • 1837; Stuart was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives with 56.08% of the vote, defeating Whig Nathaniel H. Claiborne.
  • 1839; Stuart lost his re-election bid.



  • "Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774 - Present". United States Congress. Retrieved January 1, 2016.
  • Pulliam, David Loyd (1901). The Constitutional Conventions of Virginia from the foundation of the Commonwealth to the present time. John T. West, Richmond. ISBN 978-1-2879-2059-5.

External links[edit]

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Virginia's 7th congressional district

Succeeded by