Architecture of Telangana

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The Architecture of Telangana dates back thousands of years.

Buddhist architecture[edit]

The Nelakondapalli stupa belongs to the Buddhist period.

Hindu temple architecture[edit]

Chalukya[edit]

The 7th-century Navabrahma Temples at Alampur were built by the Badami Chalukayas.

Kakatiya[edit]

The Warangal Fort, Ramappa Temple, Kota Gullu and Thousand Pillar Temple are the best examples of Kakatiya architecture.[1][2]

Indo-Islamic architecture[edit]

One of the Qutb Shahi tombs.

Golconda Sultanate[edit]

The architecture of the Golconda Sultanate is very similar to that of other Deccan Sultanates. This Indo-Islamic style is unique to the states of Telangana, Karnataka and Maharashtra. The ruins of the Golconda Fort is the earliest example.[3][4] They built elaborate tombs and mosques out of mortared stone.

The 16th-century Charminar, a centerpiece of Hyderabad, is a mosque with four minarets at four corners, elaborately decorated with stucco work. It stands at the confluence of four roads. It overlooks the Mecca Masjid, one of the largest mosques in India.

The Qutb Shahi tombs at Hyderabad contain the tombs of the sultans, other royals and important noblemen. Other examples include the Toli Mosque, Khairtabad Mosque and Taramati Baradari.

Colonial architecture[edit]

During the British colonial period, Telangana was ruled by the Nizams of Hyderabad. The seat of the Nizam was Chowmahalla Palace, which showcases a wide variety of Indian and European styles.

The British Residency and Falaknuma Palace in Hyderabad built in the neoclassical style is another great example of this period. Art deco buildings in Hyderabad include the Monda Market and SBH Building.

Indo-Saracenic[edit]

The High Court, City College, Osmania General Hospital and Kacheguda Railway Station in Hyderabad were designed by British architect Vincent Esch in the Indo-Saracenic style of architecture. The Moazzam Jahi market, although not designed by him, is clearly inspired from Esch's designs.

Post-Independence[edit]

Building built in contemporary styles are common in the HITEC City and surrounding neighborhoods of Hyderabad. IIT Hyderabad is also designed in contemporary style by Christopher Benninger.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Law, John. Modern Hyderabad (Deccan). pp. 13–14.
  2. ^ Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "The Glorious Kakatiya Temples and Gateways". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Archived from the original on 2018-04-03. Retrieved 2018-12-19.
  3. ^ Haig, Wolseley (1907). Historic landmarks of the Deccan. University of California Libraries. Allahabad, Printed at the Pioneer Press. pp. 180–208.
  4. ^ Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "The Qutb Shahi Monuments of Hyderabad Golconda Fort, Qutb Shahi Tombs, Charminar". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Archived from the original on 2018-02-01. Retrieved 2018-12-19.