Archives of American Gardens
|Location||Capital Gallery Building, Washington, D.C.|
|Public transit access||L'Enfant Plaza (Washington Metro)|
The Archives of American Gardens (known colloquially as AAG) is an archive dedicated to preserving documentation and content related to gardens in the United States. Established in 1992, the Archives are located in Washington, D.C., United States, and are maintained by Smithsonian Gardens, a unit of the Smithsonian Institution.
As a research center, the Archives of American Gardens houses around 80,000 photographic images and records which pertain to over 6,350 gardens throughout the United States. Photographs and images date from the 1870s to the present and showcase garden features such as "fountains, sculptures, fences and gates, parterres, and garden structures". The Archives also documents garden styles, such as "large Italianate estates, herb and rose gardens, cottage and patio gardens, and community gardens.
The AAG maintains photographs, images, drawings, written documentation, business files, garden plans and related material, of over 6,350 gardens in the United States. It also collects documentation related to landscape architects, including the collections of Thomas Warren Sears, Robert M. Fletcher, and Perry Wheeler. The Garden Club of America Collection, which was donated in 1992, includes documentation of landscape architects such as Marian Coffin, Lawrence Halprin, Beatrix Farrand, Hare & Hare, Gertrude Jekyll, Umberto Innocenti, Jens Jensen, Charles Platt, Ellen Biddle Shipman, and Fletcher Steele. Also present are the collections of J. Horace McFarland, Katharine Lane Weems's estate, The Chimneys, postcard collections, and documentation about the Smithsonian's own gardens. The Archives also has a collection of over 37,000 35mm slides of gardens, and a collection of over 3,000 hand-colored glass lantern slides from the 1920s and 1930s.
The lantern slides had been created by Garden Club of America members in the early 20th century for use in lectures and presentations, and are a valuable record of hundreds of early 20th century American gardens. They had been stored in the offices of the GCA and were nearly disposed of and lost in the 1960s, before GCA Bulletin photographic editor Harriet Jackson Phelps realised their historical value. After many failed attempts to get them housed in museums or institutions at the time, they were divided and stored by members until the Archives agreed to house them. Much of their importance lies in the documenting of many gardens that no longer exist or have fallen into disrepair. Other gardens, such as the Phipps Conservatory & Botanical Gardens in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, have gone through several incarnations, and important information on early plantings has been preserved.
To collect and make available for research use unique, high quality images of and documentation relating to a wide variety of cultivated gardens throughout the United States that are not documented elsewhere since historic, designed and cultural landscapes are subject to change, loss and destruction. In this way, AAG strives to preserve and highlight a meaningful compendium of significant aspects of gardening in the United States for the benefit of researchers and the public today and in the future.
Local garden clubs affiliated with the Garden Club of America, such as the Litchfield Garden Club in Litchfield County, Connecticut, are documenting their local gardens and submitting to the archives.
- "Archives of American Gardens". Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 19 February 2013.
- Reade, Eleanor Weller (May 1, 2007). "Savaing The Glass Slides". Horticulture: The Art & Science of Smart Gardening. Retrieved 29 January 2012.
- Gail Lee Dubrow, Jennifer B. Goodman (2003). Restoring women's history through historic preservation. JHU Press. p. 46. ISBN 0-8018-7052-6.
- Osster, Douglas (September 22, 2001). "Gardens stay evergreen in archive". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette (Pittsburgh, PA: PG Publishing Co., Inc.).
- Martin, Tovah (May 25, 2011). "Chronicling Litchfield Gardens". Litchfield County Times (Litchfield, CT: The Litchfield County Times).