Archon (butterfly)

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Archon
Archon apollinus ulster.jpg
Archon apollinus specimen from Syria
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Papilionidae
Subfamily: Parnassiinae
Genus: Archon
Hübner, 1822
Species

See text

Archon is a genus of Palaearctic swallowtail butterflies in the subfamily Parnassiinae. Traditionally, only two species have been known: Archon apollinus and Archon apollinaris. Recent studies, however, have given specific status to a third taxon, Archon bostanchii.

Taxonomy[edit]

The genus consists of the following species:[1][2]

Food plants[edit]

Species from this genus feed on Aristolochia species.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Nazari, V., Zakharov, E.V., and Sperling, F.A.H., 2007. Phylogeny, historical biogeography, and taxonomic ranking of Parnassiinae (Lepidoptera, Papilionidae) based on morphology and seven genes. Molecular phylogenetics and Evolution, 42: 131-156 Archived June 6, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. (in English)
  2. ^ Catalogue of Life:2009; Geraadpleegd op 20-11-2009[permanent dead link] (in English)
  3. ^ Staudinger, O. (1892) Neue Arten und Varietäten von Lepidopteren des paläarktischen Faunengebiets. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift herausgegeben von der Gesellschaft Iris zu Dresden 4 (2): 224-339; pl. 3 [partim].
  4. ^ Herbst, J. F. W. (1798) Band 9. Schmetterlinge. Pauli, Berlin.
  5. ^ de Freina J. J. & Naderi A. (2004). Beschreibung einer neuen Unterart von Archon apollinaris (Staudinger, [1892]) aus dem südwestlichen Zentral-Zagros, bostanchii subspec. nov., mit ergänzenden Angaben zur Gesamtverbreitung der Art (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae). Atalanta, 34 (3/4) :429-434.

References[edit]

  • Carbonell, F., 1991. Contribution à la connaissance du genre Archon Hübner 1822: Découverte de zones de sympatrie pour Archon apollinus (Herbst) et Archon apollinaris Staudinger (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae). Linneana Belgica 13: 3-12.
  • Carbonell, F. and Michel, M., 2007. Une espèce jumelle méconnue du genre Archon Hübner, 1822 (Lepidoptera, Papilionidae). Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France 112 (2), 2007 : 141-150.
  • Nazari, V. and Sperling, F.A.H., 2007. Mitochondrial DNA divergence and phylogeography in western Palaearctic Parnassiinae (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae): How many species are there? Insect Systematics & Evolution 38: 121-138. pdf

External links[edit]