Archway's central area, with Archway Tower towards the end of the street
|Archway shown within Greater London|
|OS grid reference|
|• Charing Cross||4 mi (6.4 km) N|
|Ceremonial county||Greater London|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
Archway is an area of North London, England, within the London Borough of Islington. It is located 4.0 miles (6 km) north of Charing Cross. It lies within the Historic County of Middlesex. On the A1, it is centred on Vantage Point (formerly Archway Tower) and Archway tube station.
Archway is of medium elevation between Highgate above and Islington below and has seven small parks and two large parks. West of Archway is Whittington Hospital, beyond which is a larger area divided between Highgate Cemetery and Waterlow Park.
According to the legend of Dick Whittington the bow bells could once be heard from as far away as the Highgate Archway (4.5 miles north).
A tunnel was attempted more than once for the Highgate bypass, to join the Great North Road by avoiding the steep Highgate Hill and narrow roads of Highgate village. However, these failed on collapsing. Instead, today's large cutting was recommended by John Rennie and a high, multi-arched road bridge across this. The first bridge of 1813 was designed by John Nash and demolished in 1901; its replacement, occasionally colloquially called "suicide bridge" after a spate of such incidents in the early 20th century, dates from 1897. The minor road over is Hornsey Lane.
Archway has come to designate the smaller than 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2) catchment of its underground station relative to all other stations. The official parishes and neighbourhoods within its definition are Highgate and Upper Holloway with a very small part of Islington. Upper Holloway has become in modern use generally restricted to the smaller catchment around its railway station and post office.
Seven Bus routes in London commence or end at 'Archway' and the term became mainstream across most social classes after its tube station abandoned its previous names of Highgate (until 1939) and subsequently Highgate (Archway) and Archway (Highgate).
In today's purely religious ecclesiastical parish system (once having had relief-for-the-poor vestries and highways churchwardens), the area is split between Whitehall Park, Upper Holloway and St John the Evangelist, Upper Holloway.
The Archway Road is part of the A1 or Great North Road, one of the original toll roads. From 1813–1864, Archway was the site of a toll gate, where travellers had to pay for the next stage of their journey. A plaque on the block of flats at 1 Pauntley Street commemorates the gate.
Highgate Hill, the road from Archway to Highgate village, was the route of the first motorised cable car in Europe operating between 1884 and 1909.
It was at Archway that Dick Whittington heard the Bow Bells ringing and returned to London. There is a statue on Highgate Hill to commemorate this (see below). Pauntley Street takes its name from the village of Pauntley in the Forest of Dean, Gloucestershire, traditionally regarded as Dick Whittington's birthplace.
After the Second World War, a large Irish community formed in the area as the nearby Whittington Hospital recruited nurses from Ireland, and the community continued to grow after this recruitment campaign. Although immigration slowed as the country became more prosperous, the Irish influence on the area can still be seen in pubs such as The Mother Red Cap and The Crown, and in the supply of Irish newspapers in local newsagents.
Archway including its western green buffers has nine parks within a mile of the tube station (albeit only 5 in Archway): Archway Park, Hillrise Park, Dartmouth Park, Elthorne Park, Sunnyside Gardens, Crouch Hill Park, Waterlow Park, Whittington Park, Foxham Gardens, and Tufnell Park Playing Fields. The Parkland Walk is in the New Orleans Walk neighbourhood and half within Crouch End where defined by proximity to rail or tube station. Green spaces are contained between facing blocks of the residential mid rise estates: Girdlestone Walk, Henfield Close and Cardinals Way, varying proportions of which remain social housing.
Archway has a very short high street at its centre with a long southern continuation, Junction Road. A tall commercial and residential tower, Vantage Point, next to the tube station, forms the highest structure in Archway.
The Archway Tavern the central pub with weekly music concerts is where the photograph for the cover of The Kinks' 1971 album Muswell Hillbillies was taken. There is a small statue of Whittington's Cat outside the Whittington Stone pub.
The Winchester, a pub at 206 Archway Road, is on the Campaign for Real Ale's National Inventory of Historic Pub Interiors.(Note: It is not in Archway N19, Islington but in Highgate, N6, Haringey.) It was built in 1881 as the Winchester Tavern, and it later became the Winchester Hall Hotel. The name derives from Winchester Hall, a nearby late 17th-century mansion.
Notable current and former residents
- James Harrington
- Andrew Marvell
- E.H. Carr
- Arabella Weir
- Alan Plater
- James Heartfield
- Rachel Whiteread
- Imelda Staunton
- Reggie Yates
- Ms. Dynamite
- Martin Carr
- Sean Hughes (Comedian)
Notes and references
- The Highgate Archway from the Turnpike gate at Holloway
- The Highgate Archway, with London and St Paul's Cathedral in the Distance 1813
- T F T Baker, C R Elrington (Editors) (1980). Hornsey, including Highgate - Communications | A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 6. Victoria County History. pp. 103–107). Retrieved 2 December 2012.
- In which parishes does Archway lie - searchable map. The Church of England. Retrieved 2015-03-06.
- Plaques of London http://www.plaquesoflondon.co.uk/page61.html
- Daily Mail: Road to riches http://www.dailymail.co.uk/travel/article-2076060/Dick-Whittingtons-road-riches-Following-footsteps-Gloucestershire-London.html
- Brandwood, Geoff (2013). Britain's best real heritage pubs. St. Albans: CAMRA. p. 89. ISBN 9781852493042.