Arckaringa Station

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Arckaringa is located in South Australia
Arckaringa
Arckaringa
Location in South Australia

Coordinates: 27°56′18″S 134°44′19″E / 27.9384°S 134.7386°E / -27.9384; 134.7386 (Arckaringa)

Mount Arckaringa in the Painted Desert

Arckaringa Station is a pastoral lease that once operated as a sheep station but now operates as a cattle station in outback South Australia.

It is located approximately 83 kilometres (52 mi) south west of Oodnadatta and 117 kilometres (73 mi) north of Coober Pedy. Most of the property is composed of gibber plains, flood-out creek systems and breakaway country. The ephemeral Ackaringa Creek runs through the property.[1] The property and the Creek are both named after the rocky outcrop, Mount Arckaringa in the Painted Desert.[2] The name is Aboriginal in origin but the meaning is not known.[3]

The property currently occupies an area of 2,745 square kilometres (1,060 sq mi) and is able to carry 2,100 head of cattle. The average rainfall in the area is 139 millimetres (5 in) with stock on the property reliant on water from 17 bores and dug out 20 dams.[1]

A government bore had been sunk on the upper Arckaringa Creek in 1883 for the purposes of watering stock along a stock route than ran through the area from the Musgrave Ranges.[4]

Established some time prior to 1908 the property occupied an area of approximately 1,000 square miles (2,590 km2) and was stocked with 2,000 sheep.[5]

The property was having a reasonable season 1912 when it occupied an area of 432 square miles (1,119 km2) within a dry season. The government were planning to sink a bore near the centre of the run as the owner, Mr. F. C. Staer, had lost nearly 400 sheep.[6] In 1913 when the property was having a good season, 12 feet (4 m) high grass samples were sent from Arckaringa to Adelaide for cultivation.[7] The property was owned in 1913 by Mr. F. C. Steer who was still running sheep.[8]

In 1925 Arckaringa was owned by Alexander McLeod, and had experienced heavy rains.[9] In 1935 the area was inundated by heavy rains with Arckaringa receiving 3 inches (76 mm) in one day. The creek ran over 2 miles (3 km) wide in full flood, filling all the waterholes and dams in the area.[10]

In 2000 a new endangered plant species was discovered on the station, Olearia arckaringensis, a form of Daisy-bush with approximately 200 found during a survey. The property was struck by drought in 2004.[3]

The land occupying the extent of the Arckaringa Station pastoral lease was gazetted as a locality in April 2013 under the name 'Arckaringa'.[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "About Arckaringa". Painted Desert. 2011. Retrieved 19 October 2014.
  2. ^ "Adelaide Girl In Australian ! Ballet Company". The Advertiser. Adelaide: National Library of Australia. 8 January 1947. p. 5. Retrieved 19 October 2014.
  3. ^ a b P. J. Lang (2008). "Olearia arckaringensis (Asteraceae: Astereae), a new endangerdaisy-bush from northern South Australia" (PDF). Journal of the Adelaide Botanic Garden. Retrieved 19 October 2014.
  4. ^ "Water Conservation". The South Australian Advertiser. Adelaide: National Library of Australia. 25 October 1883. p. 6. Retrieved 19 October 2014.
  5. ^ "Commonage for Stock". The Register. Adelaide: National Library of Australia. 8 May 1908. p. 3. Retrieved 10 November 2014.
  6. ^ "Prospects in the Interior". The Chronicle. Adelaide: National Library of Australia. 17 August 1912. p. 10. Retrieved 19 October 2014.
  7. ^ "Local and General News". Petersburg Times. South Australia: National Library of Australia. 20 June 1913. p. 2. Retrieved 19 October 2014.
  8. ^ "The land and the producer". The Advertiser. Adelaide, South Adelaide: National Library of Australia. 27 August 1913. p. 19. Retrieved 19 October 2014.
  9. ^ "Another Dodge for Northern Territory". The Register. Adelaide: National Library of Australia. 25 February 1925. p. 4. Retrieved 19 October 2014.
  10. ^ "Heavy rains on northern stations". The Chronicle. Adelaide: National Library of Australia. 12 September 1935. p. 46. Retrieved 19 October 2014.
  11. ^ "Search result for " Arckaringa (LOCB)" (Record no SA0067009) with the following layers selected - "Suburbs and Localities" and " Place names (gazetteer)"". Property Location Browser. Government of South Australia. Archived from the original on 12 October 2016. Retrieved 2 June 2016.