Arcola, Mississippi

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Arcola, Mississippi
Town
Downtown Arcola, MS on old US 61 facing south
Downtown Arcola, MS on old US 61 facing south
Location of Arcola, Mississippi
Location of Arcola, Mississippi
Arcola, Mississippi is located in the US
Arcola, Mississippi
Arcola, Mississippi
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 33°16′12″N 90°52′49″W / 33.27000°N 90.88028°W / 33.27000; -90.88028Coordinates: 33°16′12″N 90°52′49″W / 33.27000°N 90.88028°W / 33.27000; -90.88028
Country United States
State Mississippi
County Washington
Area
 • Total 0.2 sq mi (0.6 km2)
 • Land 0.2 sq mi (0.6 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 121 ft (37 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 361
 • Estimate (2016)[1] 352
 • Density 1,800/sq mi (600/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 38722
Area code(s) 662
FIPS code 28-01820
GNIS feature ID 0666352

Arcola is a town in Washington County, Mississippi. The population was 361 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

In the 1900s, Leroy Percy owned the Trail Lake Plantation, a Southern plantation near Arcola.[2]

In his 2015 travel book entitled Deep South: Four Seasons on Back Roads, author Paul Theroux describes it as a "ghost town."[3]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2), all land.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 512
1920 453 −11.5%
1930 343 −24.3%
1940 444 29.4%
1950 413 −7.0%
1960 366 −11.4%
1970 517 41.3%
1980 588 13.7%
1990 564 −4.1%
2000 563 −0.2%
2010 361 −35.9%
Est. 2016 352 [1] −2.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 563 people, 183 households, and 122 families residing in the town. The population density was 2,515.2 people per square mile (988.1/km²). There were 220 housing units at an average density of 982.9 per square mile (386.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 95.03% African American, 4.80% White and 0.18% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.18% of the population.

There were 183 households out of which 36.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 23.0% were married couples living together, 36.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.3% were non-families. 27.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.08 and the average family size was 3.83.

In the town, the population was spread out with 36.6% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 25.8% from 25 to 44, 18.5% from 45 to 64, and 8.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females, there were 77.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 71.6 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $18,409, and the median income for a family was $18,594. Males had a median income of $22,321 versus $13,466 for females. The per capita income for the town was $6,827. About 43.4% of families and 49.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 63.2% of those under age 18 and 53.2% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

The Town of Arcola is served by the Hollandale School District. It is also home to the Deer Creek Academy, a segregation academy founded in the 1970s.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  2. ^ Wyatt-Brown, Bertram (Spring 1991). "Leroy Percy and Sunnyside: Planter Mentality and Italian Peonage in the Mississippi Delta". The Arkansas Historical Quarterly. 50 (1): 71. JSTOR 40022329. (Registration required (help)). 
  3. ^ Theroux, Paul (2015). Deep South: Four Seasons on Back Roads. London, UK: Hamish Hamilton. p. 117. ISBN 9780241146729. 
  4. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ Theroux, Paul (2015). Deep South: Four Seasons on Back Roads. London, UK: Hamish Hamilton. pp. 119–120. ISBN 9780241146729. 

External links[edit]